Criticism of the PA’s growing authoritarianism gave birth to what Brown calls “paper Palestine,” in which citizens have rights of free speech and assembly; the Arab world’s most independent judiciary adjudicates disputes; leaders are selected in elections overseen by an independent electoral commission; and a representative assembly monitors the executive. Yet the institutions that would ensure democracy are either missing or lagging.
About the Author
Nathan J. Brown is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Project at the Carnegie Endowment while on leave from his position as professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University. Brown’s research interests include Egyptian and Palestinian politics, legal reform in the modern Middle East, as well as democratization. He is author of four books, including his most recent, Palestinian Politics after the Oslo Accords: Resuming Arab Palestine (University of California Press, 2003), which presents research on Palestinian society and governance after the establishment of the Palestinian Authority.
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The Carnegie Democracy and Rule of Law Program rigorously examines the global state of democracy and the rule of law and international efforts to support their advance.
The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.
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