The Urgent Need to Strengthen the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime

Policy Outlook Carnegie Endowment
 

In a new Carnegie Policy Outlook, Pierre Goldschmidt, former Deputy Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), calls for the United Nations Security Council to adopt a generic and binding resolution that would automatically authorize three steps if a state is found in non-compliance by the IAEA. In this web-only publication, The Urgent Need to Strengthen the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime, Goldschmidt’s argument follows Iran’s announcement this morning that it will resume its nuclear research program and conduct experiments with nuclear fuel.

Goldschmidt makes the case it is waning political will that hinders the IAEA. The fault, he warns, is an international community that has failed to strengthen the authority of the IAEA to exercise its improved capacity precisely when a state has been found to be in non-compliance.

This is a web-only publication.

Click on the link above for the full text of this Carnegie publication.

About the Author
Pierre Goldschmidt
is former Deputy Director General of the IAEA and currently a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is based in Brussels.

End of document

About the Nuclear Policy Program

The Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program is an internationally acclaimed source of expertise and policy thinking on nuclear industry, nonproliferation, security, and disarmament. Its multinational staff stays at the forefront of nuclear policy issues in the United States, Russia, China, Northeast Asia, South Asia, and the Middle East.

 
 
Source http://carnegieendowment.org/2006/01/10/urgent-need-to-strengthen-nuclear-non-proliferation-regime/38lv

In Fact

 

45%

of the Chinese general public

believe their country should share a global leadership role.

30%

of Indian parliamentarians

have criminal cases pending against them.

140

charter schools in the United States

are linked to Turkey’s Gülen movement.

2.5–5

thousand tons of chemical weapons

are in North Korea’s possession.

92%

of import tariffs

among Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru have been eliminated.

$2.34

trillion a year

is unaccounted for in official Chinese income statistics.

37%

of GDP in oil-exporting Arab countries

comes from the mining sector.

72%

of Europeans and Turks

are opposed to intervention in Syria.

90%

of Russian exports to China

are hydrocarbons; machinery accounts for less than 1%.

13%

of undiscovered oil

is in the Arctic.

17

U.S. government shutdowns

occurred between 1976 and 1996.

40%

of Ukrainians

want an “international economic union” with the EU.

120

million electric bicycles

are used in Chinese cities.

60–70%

of the world’s energy supply

is consumed by cities.

58%

of today’s oils

require unconventional extraction techniques.

67%

of the world's population

will reside in cities by 2050.

50%

of Syria’s population

is expected to be displaced by the end of 2013.

18%

of the U.S. economy

is consumed by healthcare.

81%

of Brazilian protesters

learned about a massive rally via Facebook or Twitter.

32

million cases pending

in India’s judicial system.

1 in 3

Syrians

now needs urgent assistance.

370

political parties

contested India’s last national elections.

70%

of Egypt's labor force

works in the private sector.

70%

of oil consumed in the United States

is for the transportation sector.

20%

of Chechnya’s pre-1994 population

has fled to different parts of the world.

58%

of oil consumed in China

was from foreign sources in 2012.

$536

billion in goods and services

traded between the United States and China in 2012.

$100

billion in foreign investment and oil revenue

have been lost by Iran because of its nuclear program.

4700%

increase in China’s GDP per capita

between 1972 and today.

$11

billion have been spent

to complete the Bushehr nuclear reactor in Iran.

2%

of Iran’s electricity needs

is all the Bushehr nuclear reactor provides.

78

journalists

were imprisoned in Turkey as of August 2012 according to the OSCE.

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