As counterterrorism policies move away from purely military solutions, policy makers are taking a closer look at counter-radicalization and disengagement programs for violent extremists in the Arab world. North African countries including Egypt, Algeria, and Libya have begun these programs and processes with interesting results. Omar Ashour, lecturer in Politics at the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies in the University of Exeter discussed the findings of his field research on de-radicalization at Carnegie:
In the questions and answers session Ashour discussed the role prison conditions play in helping to further radicalize individuals opposed to the state. While third parties like local clerics and Sheikhs are useful for supporting a de-radicalization process and maintaining its success, de-radicalization is most effective when it starts within the extremist organization.
The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.
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