This resource was published on 09/22/2010 and is not updated to reflect changing circumstances.

The April 6 Youth Movement, together with  the “We are All Khaled Saeed” Facebook Page, played a major role in organizing the January 25 demonstrations that sparked the uprising in Egypt.  April 6 activists drew inspiration from the Tunisian uprising that had succeeded in overthrowing President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali. Ahmad Maher, one of the founding members of the April 6 movement, stated that the example of Tunisia “led us to think about protesting against corruption, poverty and unemployment.”

Major Figures

Asmaa Mahfouz: Founding member
Ahmed Maher: Founding member
Israa Abdel Fattah: Founding member
Tareq al-Khouly: Founding member
Mohammed Adel Amr Ali: Leading member and blogger

Background

The Movement started in the spring 2008, when over 100,000 Facebook users joined an online group to express solidarity with workers protesting in the Delta industrial city of al-Mahalla al-Kubra.  As the protests escalated into a nationwide strike, the Facebook group gained momentum and eventually coalesced into a political movement known as the April 6 Youth Movement. Making extensive use of online networking tools, organizers of the movement urged followers to demonstrate their support for the workers by wearing black, staying at home, and boycotting products on the day of the strike.

The April 6 Youth movement tried unsuccessfully to replicate the general strike the following year and again in 2010. Harassed by the police, the group managed nevertheless to survive thanks largely to its broad network structure which the authorities could not dismantle. It participated in the campaign to collect signatures for Mohamed ElBaradei’s   seven-point petition and organized occasional protests on a variety of issues. It was only in January 2011, however, that it managed to find again its voice and its vitality.

April 6 movement After the Uprising

After President Hosni Mubarak was overthrown and the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces took over in February 2011,  the April 6 Youth Movement, like other participants in the uprising, had difficulty in redefining its role. Having achieved its primary objective of bringing down the regime, it had to find a new purpose in a changed political environment.  Mohamad Adel, a founding member, acknowledged that “The role of the April 6 Movement as peaceful resistance is over. Our role now is to participate in the building of the nation and to exert pressure on government and society in order to complete the process of democratic reform in Egypt.” The change did not come easily.

The April 6 Youth Movement joined the Revolutionary Youth Coalition in criticizing the ruling military council for excluding youth representatives from its decision-making process and advocating the formation of a civilian council to govern the country’s affairs until presidential and parliamentary elections. But when offered a chance to participate in meeting with the SCAF, the movement experienced internal conflict. A lose network of individuals communicating via social media lent itself well to mobilizing protesters, but not  to participating in meetings with the SCAF, political parties, and other organizations. The issue of who could speak for the movement soon divided the organization. When Ahmed Maher announced in April that the movement would seek to transform into a registered civil society organization, he was disowned by other founding members of the movement, who claimed the decision had not been approved by a majority. Maher denied the charge, but he nevertheless lost the support of other leading members of the organization, who declared that they no longer recognized him as the movement’s leader.

The future role of the April 6 Movement remains uncertain.