Return to Crux of Asia Conference

Introduction and Keynote Remarks

Event Panel Washington, D.C.
As the United States undertakes its strategic rebalancing to the Asia Pacific, Chinese and Indian views are of particular importance to Washington.

As the United States undertakes its strategic rebalancing to the Asia Pacific, Chinese and Indian views are of particular importance to Washington. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs Kurt M. Campbell offered an inside perspective on the past, present, and future of the U.S. role as a Pacific power. 

  • Trends of Thought: Campbell identified five broad trends in contemporary American thinking about Asia, all of which have various influences on policy: 

    1. A Potential Partner: A first line of thought sees China’s rise as the focus of all Asia policy, but does not view the U.S.-Chinese relationship as necessarily adversarial. 

    2. An Inherent Threat: A second, related group of thinkers views China as inherently threatening, a sort of modern-day Soviet Union with which the United States must inevitably compete. 

    3. Issue-Based: Others take an issue-based stance, recalibrating policy based on shifting priorities in fields ranging from democratization to terrorism. 

    4. Partnerships: A fourth category encompasses those who prioritize multilateral partnerships in creating a security architecture that guarantees a peaceful Asia. 

    5. Transnational Threats: A final group orients itself around emerging transnational threats such as climate change and energy security.

  • Multifaceted, Sustained Engagement: Campbell emphasized that successful Asia-Pacific policy depends on the United States maintaining close ties with all its partners in the region on a whole-of-government basis. While the military component of the American rebalancing to Asia usually receives the most attention, Campbell added, Washington’s diplomatic efforts are the policy’s real leading edge. It follows that the United States must get its budgetary house in order to reassure the global community that it can make good on its promise.

  • Rebalance the Rebalancing: Campbell countered the common narrative that the rebalancing comes at the expense or against the wishes of European U.S. allies. He explained that Washington’s traditional allies across the Atlantic share its belief that the Asia Pacific will be a major inflection point in the twenty-first century, and that they therefore support renewed American interest in the region. Likewise, Campbell underscored that the rebalance does not only enhance Washington’s focus on Asia in general, but broadens it from traditional hotspots in northeast Asia to include the entire continent.
End of document



In Fact



of the Chinese general public

believe their country should share a global leadership role.


of Indian parliamentarians

have criminal cases pending against them.


charter schools in the United States

are linked to Turkey’s Gülen movement.


thousand tons of chemical weapons

are in North Korea’s possession.


of import tariffs

among Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru have been eliminated.


trillion a year

is unaccounted for in official Chinese income statistics.


of GDP in oil-exporting Arab countries

comes from the mining sector.


of Europeans and Turks

are opposed to intervention in Syria.


of Russian exports to China

are hydrocarbons; machinery accounts for less than 1%.


of undiscovered oil

is in the Arctic.


U.S. government shutdowns

occurred between 1976 and 1996.


of Ukrainians

want an “international economic union” with the EU.


million electric bicycles

are used in Chinese cities.


of the world’s energy supply

is consumed by cities.


of today’s oils

require unconventional extraction techniques.


of the world's population

will reside in cities by 2050.


of Syria’s population

is expected to be displaced by the end of 2013.


of the U.S. economy

is consumed by healthcare.


of Brazilian protesters

learned about a massive rally via Facebook or Twitter.


million cases pending

in India’s judicial system.

1 in 3


now needs urgent assistance.


political parties

contested India’s last national elections.


of Egypt's labor force

works in the private sector.


of oil consumed in the United States

is for the transportation sector.


of Chechnya’s pre-1994 population

has fled to different parts of the world.


of oil consumed in China

was from foreign sources in 2012.


billion in goods and services

traded between the United States and China in 2012.


billion in foreign investment and oil revenue

have been lost by Iran because of its nuclear program.


increase in China’s GDP per capita

between 1972 and today.


billion have been spent

to complete the Bushehr nuclear reactor in Iran.


of Iran’s electricity needs

is all the Bushehr nuclear reactor provides.



were imprisoned in Turkey as of August 2012 according to the OSCE.

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