Former Czech Republic President Vaclav Klaus and Carnegie's Uri Dadush talked with C-SPAN about the economic and political challenges facing the European monetary union. While President Klaus referred to European integration as a historical "accident," Dadush suggested that, although the enactment of the monetary union may have been premature, greater institution building and structural reforms will help alleviate the crisis. Furthermore, Dadush argued that even though there are shortcomings to the establishment and the euro crisis is far from over, the only rational way to overcome the crisis is to move forward and undertake more steps in the integration process, as disassembling the eurozone was not rational given the costs.
The Carnegie International Economics Program monitors and analyzes short- and long-term trends in the global economy, including macroeconomic developments, trade, commodities, and capital flows, drawing out their policy implications. The current focus of the program is the global financial crisis and its related policy issues. The program also examines the ramifications of the rising weight of developing countries in the global economy among other areas of research.
of the Chinese general public
believe their country should share a global leadership role.
of Indian parliamentarians
have criminal cases pending against them.
charter schools in the United States
are linked to Turkey’s Gülen movement.
thousand tons of chemical weapons
are in North Korea’s possession.
of import tariffs
among Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru have been eliminated.
trillion a year
is unaccounted for in official Chinese income statistics.
of GDP in oil-exporting Arab countries
comes from the mining sector.
of Europeans and Turks
are opposed to intervention in Syria.
of Russian exports to China
are hydrocarbons; machinery accounts for less than 1%.
of undiscovered oil
is in the Arctic.
U.S. government shutdowns
occurred between 1976 and 1996.
want an “international economic union” with the EU.
million electric bicycles
are used in Chinese cities.
of the world’s energy supply
is consumed by cities.
of today’s oils
require unconventional extraction techniques.
of the world's population
will reside in cities by 2050.
of Syria’s population
is expected to be displaced by the end of 2013.
of the U.S. economy
is consumed by healthcare.
of Brazilian protesters
learned about a massive rally via Facebook or Twitter.
million cases pending
in India’s judicial system.
1 in 3
now needs urgent assistance.
contested India’s last national elections.
of Egypt's labor force
works in the private sector.
of oil consumed in the United States
is for the transportation sector.
of Chechnya’s pre-1994 population
has fled to different parts of the world.
of oil consumed in China
was from foreign sources in 2012.
billion in goods and services
traded between the United States and China in 2012.
billion in foreign investment and oil revenue
have been lost by Iran because of its nuclear program.
increase in China’s GDP per capita
between 1972 and today.
billion have been spent
to complete the Bushehr nuclear reactor in Iran.
of Iran’s electricity needs
is all the Bushehr nuclear reactor provides.
were imprisoned in Turkey as of August 2012 according to the OSCE.
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