America’s Second-Longest War: Taking Stock

Ten years after the invasion of Iraq, it is important to examine Iraq’s trajectory today, the war’s cost, and the geopolitical lessons learned.
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Ten years after the invasion of Iraq, we examined Iraq’s trajectory today, the war’s cost, and the geopolitical lessons learned.




  • Iraq: A Decade Later

    March 21, 2013 Washington, DC Ryan Crocker, Emma Sky, Samir Sumaida’ie, Rajiv Chandrasekaran

    Ten years after the U.S. invasion of Iraq and fifteen months after the departure of U.S. combat troops, the outlook for Iraqi stability, security and democracy remains deeply uncertain.

  • The Trillion Dollar War—And Counting

    March 21, 2013 Washington, DC Linda J. Bilmes

    The staggering financial costs of the Iraq war continue to rise even a decade later.

  • Geopolitical Lessons

    March 21, 2013 Washington, DC Jessica Tuchman Mathews, Zbigniew Brzezinski, H.R. McMaster

    From a loss of American credibility in the international community to continued instability and sectarian violence in Iraq, the geopolitical consequences of the Iraq War are still reverberating across the Middle East and beyond.


About the Middle East Program

The Carnegie Middle East Program combines in-depth local knowledge with incisive comparative analysis to examine economic, sociopolitical, and strategic interests in the Arab world. Through detailed country studies and the exploration of key crosscutting themes, the Carnegie Middle East Program, in coordination with the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, provides analysis and recommendations in both English and Arabic that are deeply informed by knowledge and views from the region. The program has special expertise in political reform and Islamist participation in pluralistic politics.




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