Return to 2013 Carnegie International Nuclear Policy Conference

Assessing the Efficacy of Sanctions for Nonproliferation

Event Panel Washington, DC, Ronald Reagan Building International Trade Center, Amphitheater  – 3:50 PM – 5:00 PM
Unprecedented United Nations Security Council sanctions have been levied on Iran and North Korea in an attempt to compel compliance with nonproliferation and international commitments. Are these sanctions working, and by what measures should we assess effectiveness?
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Unprecedented United Nations Security Council sanctions have been levied on Iran and North Korea in an attempt to compel compliance with nonproliferation and international commitments. Are these sanctions working, and by what measures should we assess effectiveness? What type of sanctions—technology, oil, financial, luxury goods, individual travel, or other—can best achieve the desired results? What are the avenues or mechanisms through which sanctions are expected to “work?” How can we better translate economic impact into behavior changes? How can the humanitarian costs of sanctions be minimized? And if sanctions are not effective, what other tools should be used to address nonproliferation compliance?

Swedish Minister for Foreign Affairs Carl Bildt and Harvard University Professor Meghan O'Sullivan discuss the efficacy of sanctions on Iran and North Korea for nonproliferation. What would you like to ask Carl Bildt? Share your comments and questions below. 


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Comments (7)

  • Elias
    1 Recommend
    I n the middle east ,it is known that Israel owns nuclear weapons ,some leakings talk about 200 nuclear heads.Iran is suspected to build nuclear weapon ,it is under observation of IAEA .Iran is a signatory state on non profileration of NCB weapons while Israel is not. My question is why the international community ignores the nuclear position of Israel and raises the position of Iran?I f it is politics that moves then why do we hear talking about standards and international law?
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  • Susana Curatolo
    I Believe that further sanctions of any kind on Iran are and will continue to be COUNTERPRODUCTIVE. The evidence is clear from the support from its neighbors. Iran is not making a bomb, and the IAEA has confirmed many times this. Why is it not possible for the Europeans and Israel-USA to collaborate with Iran in the manner in which the Russians and the South Americans and the Chinese have managed to do so? What is the Insurmountable Obstacle we and our allies have that they don't?
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  • P.R.Chari
    What lessons, do you think, North Korea and Iran have learnt from the earlier cases of Israel, India and Pakistan? What lessons, do you think, Iran has learnt from North Korea? Do you think threats--nuclear threats in the case of North Korea--are conducive to persuade North Korea and Iran to give up their nuclear quest?
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  • A.R.R
    My question refer to subject of the sanctions. the subject of the sanctions is government in Iran but direct influence of them are on the people of Iran. it means that they aren't effective.
    What's your idea about the applicable sanctions which distinct between the people of Iran and government of Iran?
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  • LieDetector
    It is all mostly lies to justify the inhuman actions of EU.

    He never mentioned the Swedish/French/German guilt in equipping Saddam with chemical weapons that he used on Iranians. He never mentioned that Iran owns 10% of the shares of Eurodif uranium enrichment for almost the past 4 decades while having not received a single gram of enriched uranium from that plant.

    100,000 Euro limit for purchasing medicines? He was really funny there. A double chemotherapy course for cancer can easily cost above that amount in medical purchases for a SINGLE patient. A single MRI machine costs above 2 million Euros. A single angioplasty machine can cost over a million Euros.

    This talks clearly proves that EU has still its colonial mindset when dealing with weaker countries.

    Sweden does not need nukes because it is protected by American/British/French nukes as part of NATO. Iranians are on the other hand are being threatened with being nuked by US (official US stand), while they do not have nukes.

    The speaker did not know what he was talking about. Totally shameless.
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  • Sohrab
    Dear Carl; Do you use the same tone when speaking about Iran everywhere? or, it is just the Washington air that makes you...? the leader in Iran speaks to many diplomats; there is nothing funny about you "interviewing" him.
    Also, Mosaddeq's democratic legacy is very central to Iran history; it is not appropriate to trivialize it.
    your discussion on sanctions is informed. but, you many want to brush up on some diplomatic ETIQUETTE
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    • Abigail replies...
      I agree, any diplomatic meeting or gesture that intends to bring about dialogue and understanding should use the language that has resemblance of minimum objectivity.

      Although, according to IAEA Iran has never been in violation of NPT, unfortunately, Hon. Carl Bildt's tone is very partial (“us, Vs., them”) and explicitly identifies with the American unilateral sanctions, against those in Iran. Iran has a government, and for the purposes of diplomatic protocol, he should say “Iran Government”, and refrain from using the term “Iran Regime” so often. After all, he does not say the Regime in America.

      In his presentation, Bildt even expresses regret that the Iranian people blame sanctions more than their own government. If we really want to bring understanding and address the sanctions' regime more objectively, at least the language should have some credibility.

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