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Is There an "Emerging Power" Agenda?

Event Panel Washington, DC, Ronald Reagan Building International Trade Center, Horizon  – 2:00 PM – 3:30 PM
Is there a common “emerging power” agenda in the nuclear area? How do relations between India, Turkey, Brazil, and the established powers (specifically the United States) impact their nuclear policies?

India, Turkey, and Brazil are often held up as prominent examples of emerging powers in terms of growing economic and political clout as well as influence in the nuclear order. Ankara and Brasilia famously teamed up in 2010 to try to rescue the Tehran Research Reactor deal after negotiations between Iran and the P5+1 broke down. India reached accommodation with the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) and is now being promoted for a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council. But is there a common “emerging power” agenda in the nuclear area? How do relations between these countries and the established powers (specifically the United States) impact their nuclear policies? If so, what interests do these states share, and what does it mean for efforts to continue to strengthen the regime? How much disarmament would emerging powers regard as sufficient to support further strengthening of nonproliferation rules? Do emerging powers seeking greater representation in international bodies such as the NSG and the UN Security Council aim to strengthen or weaken these bodies’ authority to make and enforce rules that may limit state activities?

Togzhan Kassenova, Matias Spektor, Sinan Ülgen, and Nirupama Rao discuss what interests these states share, and what  it means for efforts to continue to strengthen the nonproliferation regime. Share your comments and questions below.

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About the Carnegie Speakers

Togzhan Kassenova
Nuclear Policy Program

Kassenova is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment.

Sinan Ülgen
Visiting Scholar
Carnegie Europe

Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the implications of Turkish foreign policy for Europe and the United States, nuclear policy, and the security and economic aspects of transatlantic relations.



Event Program

In Fact



of the Chinese general public

believe their country should share a global leadership role.


of Indian parliamentarians

have criminal cases pending against them.


charter schools in the United States

are linked to Turkey’s Gülen movement.


thousand tons of chemical weapons

are in North Korea’s possession.


of import tariffs

among Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Peru have been eliminated.


trillion a year

is unaccounted for in official Chinese income statistics.


of GDP in oil-exporting Arab countries

comes from the mining sector.


of Europeans and Turks

are opposed to intervention in Syria.


of Russian exports to China

are hydrocarbons; machinery accounts for less than 1%.


of undiscovered oil

is in the Arctic.


U.S. government shutdowns

occurred between 1976 and 1996.


of Ukrainians

want an “international economic union” with the EU.


million electric bicycles

are used in Chinese cities.


of the world’s energy supply

is consumed by cities.


of today’s oils

require unconventional extraction techniques.


of the world's population

will reside in cities by 2050.


of Syria’s population

is expected to be displaced by the end of 2013.


of the U.S. economy

is consumed by healthcare.


of Brazilian protesters

learned about a massive rally via Facebook or Twitter.


million cases pending

in India’s judicial system.

1 in 3


now needs urgent assistance.


political parties

contested India’s last national elections.


of Egypt's labor force

works in the private sector.


of oil consumed in the United States

is for the transportation sector.


of Chechnya’s pre-1994 population

has fled to different parts of the world.


of oil consumed in China

was from foreign sources in 2012.


billion in goods and services

traded between the United States and China in 2012.


billion in foreign investment and oil revenue

have been lost by Iran because of its nuclear program.


increase in China’s GDP per capita

between 1972 and today.


billion have been spent

to complete the Bushehr nuclear reactor in Iran.


of Iran’s electricity needs

is all the Bushehr nuclear reactor provides.



were imprisoned in Turkey as of August 2012 according to the OSCE.

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