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2016 Annual Report

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Founding Charter

“…to advance the cause of peace among nations; to hasten the renunciation of war as an instrument of national policy; to encourage and promote methods for the peaceful settlement of international differences and for the increase of international understanding and concord; and to aid in the development of international law and the acceptance by all nations of the principles underlying such law.”

Letter From the Chairman

As a physician, one is trained to elicit a patient’s history, observe and examine carefully, seek information, apply logic, consider alternative explanations, hone in on the diagnosis, take account of values and preferences, reach a treatment plan, and face up to the prognosis. Medicine, like the practice of statecraft, is both an art and a science. As crises, conflicts, and cataclysms grip every region of the globe, the world depends on leaders and experts who can maintain the health of our international system. In these trying times, Carnegie’s world-renowned scholars are doing their part to decipher, analyze, and craft solutions to a host of challenges to global security and nternational peace.

At each Board of Trustees meeting, I am struck anew by the quality, scale, and scope of Carnegie’s reach and research agenda. Over the past year alone, the board has had the opportunity to engage with scholars from each of our global centers and on topics ranging from climate diplomacy to closing space for civil society, India’s rise to Russia’s revanchism, political transitions from Tunisia to Turkey, and emerging challenges from cyberspace to outer space.

If we are to manage this moment of unprecedented international fragility, we must continue to invest in the kind of independent, nonpartisan research that has defined the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace throughout its storied history.

Thanks to my remarkable fellow board members and the exceptional leadership of Bill Burns, Carnegie has taken unprecedented strides over the past year. The board has stepped up to record levels of giving and a successful campaign to endow Carnegie’s prestigious Junior Fellows Program and name it in honor of former chairman James C. Gaither. This tribute is the perfect convergence of purpose, place, and person and the kind of investment that ensures the continued preparation of the next generation of thinkers and doers in the international arena.

The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace has managed to grow in size and reach while adhering to its core principles of transparency and accountability in all financial and programmatic activities.

I have never been more optimistic about Carnegie’s future nor more certain of its vital role in the world today.

Sincerely,
Harvey V. Fineberg, MD, PhD
Chairman

Letter From the President

As I reflect on my first full year as president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, I am reminded of how fortunate I am to lead this historic institution. At a moment of unprecedented disorder and dislocation, uncertainty and unease, our work is more important than ever. Our one hundred scholars in twenty countries around the world remain committed to our founding mission. Together, we work to map a changing global order and offer our best ideas on how to navigate it away from conflict and toward cooperation and understanding.

Thanks to our extraordinary staff and scholars and to the partnership and leadership of our board, 2016 proved to be a year full of historic milestones. We opened our sixth global center, Carnegie India, in New Delhi. We secured the largest non-foundation gift in our history to endow the Junior Fellows Program, Carnegie’s flagship effort to promote the next generation of scholars and practitioners in international affairs. We launched the Cyber Policy Initiative, the foundation of a new program on technology, innovation, and international affairs. We welcomed our first journalist in residence and distinguished visiting fellow, the Atlantic’s editor in chief, Jeffrey Goldberg. We unveiled new web platforms like Carnegie.ru and Diwan, and our global mobile app to strengthen the connection with the 85 percent of our readers and colleagues from outside the United States.

As we deepened our scholarly work through major initiatives like the Fragility Study Group; Task Force on U.S. Policy Toward Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia; Rising Democracies Network; Arab World Horizons project; Oil-Climate Index; and much more, we also took important steps in solidifying Carnegie’s financial foundations. Indeed, we secured more grant funding and new endowment contributions this year than any other year in Carnegie’s history.

In the pages of this report, you will learn more about these milestones and many others. You will also get a sense of the depth and breadth of our work and see Carnegie’s global network in action. My hope is that the report will make vivid the value of looking at consequential issues from multiple perspectives and vantage points and working together to identify policies that contribute to a more peaceful and prosperous world.

Our work is made possible by all those inspired by Andrew Carnegie’s commitment to philanthropy and peace. They are led by our extraordinary Board of Trustees, whose generosity and partnership remains an essential prerequisite to Carnegie’s continued importance and relevance in its second century.

I look forward to your active participation in our global conversation and to welcoming you to Carnegie.

Sincerely,
William J. Burns
President

Our History, Our Future

Andrew Carnegie founded the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in 1910, a transformative moment in a world struggling with the physical and ethical consequences of war.

Over the past century, the world has made extraordinary progress toward realizing his vision of peace and prosperity, but we stand today at a similar inflection point—a moment when transformative forces are once again threatening the tenuous foundations of international order. The return of great power politics. A historic refugee crisis. A changing climate. The dislocating economic and security effects of new technologies. Rising tides of populism and authoritarianism.

These and many other twenty-first-century challenges demonstrate the continued relevance and importance of Andrew Carnegie’s commitment to international peace.

With one hundred experts in twenty countries, the Carnegie Endowment for ­International Peace provides a global, in-depth perspective on the central issues of our time. We are less interested in who is up and who is down on any given day in any given capital. We look beyond the daily headlines and debates to examine the longer trend lines shaping global order and how different actors perceive and respond to those issues. In today’s world, having a global perspective is an essential prerequisite for making sound policy and achieving maximum impact.

Former Trustees

  • top, from left
    Former CBS journalist Edward R. Murrow
    Former U.S. president Dwight D. Eisenhower
    Former Republican U.S. congresswoman Clare Boothe Luce
  • bottom
    Former UN secretary general Kofi Annan

Our analysts evaluate not only the on-the-ground dynamics of the civil war in Syria but also the relevant drivers and actions of Russia, the United States, Turkey, and Iran. They both assess and compare the prospects of rising powers like China and India from within and outside the Asia Pacific. They look at the governance and security challenges posed by new technologies emerging from Silicon Valley to Bangalore.

Carnegie is committed to adapting to a changing geopolitical landscape and to remaining nonpartisan and independent. Carnegie’s experts use a range of techniques to inform policy—from public events and publications to quiet convening and consultations. These experts include scholars and practitioners from all domains, including academia, government, development institutions, civil society, and business. Working together, across physical and intellectual borders, they offer rigorous research and innovative ideas to help policymakers address increasingly complex global problems.

Snapshots From Carnegie’s History

1910

Andrew Carnegie donated $10 million of his wealth to found the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and gave it an ambitious mission: to “hasten the abolition of international war, the foulest blot upon our civilization.” The United States’ first international affairs think tank was born.

1920s

Carnegie’s work quickly gained a reputation for achieving impact: its first two presidents, Elihu Root and Nicholas Murray Butler, both won the Nobel Peace Prize for their work on arbitration and the peaceful settlement of disputes.
above
Former Carnegie president Nicholas Murray Butler

1940s

During World War II, Carnegie took on a prominent lawyer named Raphael Lemkin, who had fled Nazi-occupied Poland. Lemkin formulated the concept of “genocide,” which was incorporated into international law.

1950s

After the searing experiences of the war, Carnegie moved its offices to New York and Geneva to support the nascent United Nations.
above
In June 1954, Carnegie’s European Center moves to Geneva near the Palace of Nations (pictured)

1960s

Carnegie switched from being a grant-giving organization to funding its own research, making its work more policy-relevant and timely.

1970s

Carnegie acquired Foreign Policy magazine and turned it into one of the most well-known and widely read magazines on foreign affairs.
above
Foreign Policy magazine in summer 1978

1990s

In showing the importance of high-quality, nonpartisan research, Carnegie inspired and reared numerous respected offshoots—including the International Crisis Group and the Migration Policy Institute. Carnegie opened its first global center in Moscow in 1994.

2000s

Carnegie embarked on a major expansion to keep pace with globalization, opening centers in Beijing (2005), Beirut (2006), Brussels (2007), and New Delhi (2016).
above
Official opening of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy

Board of Trustees

  • Chairman
    Harvey V. Fineberg

    President, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

  • Vice Chairman
    Mohamed A. El-Erian

    Chief Economic Adviser, Allianz SE

  • Ayman Asfari

    Group Chief Executive, Petrofac Limited

  • Paul Balaran

    Executive Vice President and Secretary, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

  • Bill Bradley

    Managing Director, Allen & Company

  • David Burke

    Co-Founder, CEO, and Managing Director, Makena Capital Management

  • William J. Burns

    President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

  • Chas W. Freeman, Jr.

    Chairman of the Board, Projects International, Inc.

  • Patricia House

    Vice Chairman of the Board, C3 Energy

  • Walter B. Kielholz

    Chairman of the Board of Directors, Swiss Re Ltd.

  • Scott D. Malkin

    Chairman, Value Retail PLC

  • Raymond J. McGuire

    Global Head, Corporate and Investment Banking, Citi

  • Sunil Bharti Mittal

    Chairman and Group CEO, Bharti Enterprises

  • Adebayo Ogunlesi

    Chairman and Managing Partner, Global Infrastructure Partners

  • Kenneth E. Olivier

    Chairman Emeritus, Dodge & Cox Funds

  • Catherine James Paglia

    Director, Enterprise Asset Management

  • Victoria Ransom

    Former CEO, Wildfire and Director of Product, Google

  • L. Rafael Reif

    President, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  • J. Stapleton Roy

    Founding Director Emeritus and Distinguished Scholar, Kissinger Institute on China and the United States, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

  • Vanessa Ruiz

    Senior Judge, District of Columbia Court of Appeals

  • George Siguler

    Founding Partner and Managing Director, Siguler Guff and Company

  • Ratan N. Tata

    Chairman, Sir Ratan Tata Trust and Navajbai Ratan Tata Trust, and Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and the Allied Trusts

  • Aso O. Tavitian

    Former CEO, Syncsort, Inc.

  • Daniel Vasella

    Honorary Chairman, Novartis International AG

  • Wang Chaoyong

    Founding Chairman and CEO, ChinaEquity Group

  • Rohan S. Weerasinghe

    General Counsel and Corporate Secretary, Citigroup Inc.

  • Yichen Zhang

    Chairman, Chief Executive Officer, CITIC Capital Holdings Limited

  • top leftWashington, DC
    Carnegie Vice Chairman Mohamed A. El-Erian presents his book The Only Game in Town
  • top rightWashington, DC
    Former U.S. special envoy for climate change Todd Stern discusses the Paris climate agreement at a Carnegie board breakfast
  • centerWashington, DC
    Carnegie President William J. Burns, former White House deputy chief of staff Jim Messina, and former U.S. representative Vin Weber (left to right) discuss the U.S. presidential campaign at a Carnegie board dinner
  • bottom leftWashington, DC
    U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations and former Carnegie junior fellow Samantha Power speaks at a Carnegie board dinner
  • bottom rightWashington, DC
    Carnegie Chairman Harvey V. Fineberg

The Global Think Tank

Carnegie has 100 scholars living in twenty countries around the globe.
University of Pennsylvania 2015 Global Think Tank Rankings
  • Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
  • #2 think tank for innovative policy ideas and proposals
  • #2 think tank in the United States
  • #3 think tank in the world
  • Carnegie Middle East Center
  • #1 think tank in the Middle East and North Africa
  • Carnegie Moscow Center
  • #2 think tank in Central and Eastern Europe
  • Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
  • #3 think tank in China

Technology, Innovation, and International Affairs

Technology’s capacity to simultaneously advance and threaten global peace and security is a topic of growing concern among government, business, and civil society actors. In too many areas, the scale and scope of technological innovation is outpacing the development of norms and rules intended to maximize benefits and minimize risks.

Carnegie Colloquium

Carnegie partnered with Carnegie Mellon University for a two-part colloquium that brought together the endowment’s global policy scholars with the university’s technical experts. The first part, held in Washington, focused on artificial intelligence and its implications in civilian and military domains. The subsequent session in Pittsburgh examined internet governance and cyberdeterrence.

  • Washington, DC
    Carnegie Fellow Tim Maurer speaks at the first session of the Carnegie Colloquium

In today’s world, no single country will be able to dictate these norms and rules. As a global institution with significant reach into some of the most technologically capable governments and societies, Carnegie is especially well positioned to identify and bridge different views and approaches to risk.

In 2016, building on decades of research and policy work in the nuclear domain, Carnegie launched a Cyber Policy Initiative to do just that. The initiative is exploring specific measures that countries could adopt to protect the integrity of financial data and algorithms, incentivize responsible private sector defenses against cyberattacks, limit threats to the information and communication technology supply chain, and avoid cyber first strikes on strategic command and control systems.

Led by Vice President for Studies George Perkovich, Senior Fellow Eli Levite, and Fellow Tim Maurer, the initiative is working with senior officials, experts, and private sector leaders in ten countries to identify restraints that would be acceptable and beneficial to all.

In New Delhi, Carnegie India has a complementary initiative on exploring how technological innovation can accelerate the development of large emerging economies. It is bringing together leading Indian and international corporations, technology innovators, regulators, and policymakers to ascertain which approaches will reap the most benefit from new disruptive technologies.

Recognizing the relevance of technological advances to strategic stability, Nuclear Policy Program ­Co-Director James M. Acton is leading a team of U.S., Chinese, and Russian experts to understand how new technologies, like long-range hypersonic missiles, could make a conventional conflict turn nuclear and what mechanisms could alleviate that risk. Fellow Tristan Volpe has looked at how the revolution in manufacturing, including the spread of 3-D printing machines, makes it easier than ever to acquire nuclear weapons—and harder than ever to detect and stop their proliferation.

  • top leftStanford, CA
    Former U.S. secretaries of state Condoleezza Rice and Madeleine Albright in conversation with Carnegie President William J. Burns
  • top rightStanford, CA
    Entrepreneur and venture investor Christopher M. Schroeder
  • bottom leftStanford, CA
    Micromax Informatics Co-Founder and CEO Rahul Sharma and Carnegie Trustee Wang Chaoyong
  • bottom centerStanford, CA
    William and Flora Hewlett Foundation President Larry Kramer
  • bottom rightStanford, CA
    LinkedIn Executive Chairman and Co-Founder Reid Hoffman in conversation with Carnegie President William J. Burns and McKinsey Director Emeritus Lenny Mendonca

Advancing the Conversation

Carnegie and Stanford University’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies hosted a forum in May that examined the way in which technology can simultaneously advance and challenge global peace and security.

Forum Leadership Committee

  • Frank Caufield

    Co-Founder and Partner Emeritus, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers

  • William H. Draper, III

    Co-Founder and General Partner, Draper Richards

  • Irwin Federman

    General Partner, U.S. Venture Partners

  • Robert Muglia

    Chief Executive Officer, Snowflake Computing

  • Lynn Poole

    Vice President, Dodge & Cox

  • Ruth Porat

    Chief Financial Officer, Alphabet

  • Mary Speiser

    Former Central Intelligence Agency analyst

India, China, and the Asia Pacific

The Asia Pacific is characterized by economic dynamism and acute geopolitical competition. Home to half of the world’s population, it is the most consequential region for global order in the twenty-first century. The choices made by key players in the region in the coming years will determine whether the promise of cooperation and interdependence will succumb to familiar traps of mistrust, zero-sum politics, and conflict.

In 2016, Carnegie launched its newest center, Carnegie India in New Delhi. In a short period, its scholars have already contributed to domestic debates on both long-standing challenges and emerging issues. Their analysis has explored illegal immigration from Bangladesh, the fisheries dispute with Sri Lanka, the development and security challenges of artificial intelligence, the regulation of civilian drones, and India’s political and military capacity to be a stabilizing force in the Asia Pacific.

Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs

In recognition of the partnership of the Tata Trusts in the founding of Carnegie India in New Delhi, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace established the Tata Chair for Strategic Affairs. Senior Fellow Ashley J. Tellis, one of the most renowned and sought-after experts in international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues, is the inaugural holder of the chair.

  • aboveNew Delhi, India
    Carnegie Vice President for Studies George Perkovich and Nuclear Policy Program Co-Director Toby Dalton (left, right) launch their new book, Not War, Not Peace?, with Carnegie India Director C. Raja Mohan (center)

One of the most complex challenges facing India is its relationship with its nuclear-armed rival, Pakistan. In their new book, Not War, Not Peace?, Vice President for Studies George Perkovich and Nuclear Policy Program Co-Director Toby Dalton evaluate India’s available strategies to deter cross-border terrorism while staying to the left of nuclear “boom.”

Carnegie continues to analyze China’s economic, policy, and security reforms, both domestically and internationally. With currencies and stock markets jolted by China’s slowing economy, China watchers have turned to Carnegie economists Michael Pettis and Yukon Huang. A Beijing-based professor and former banker, Pettis warned of the slowdown in several farsighted articles. Huang, a former World Bank China director, demonstrated how factors in the Chinese economy such as the debt overhang are frequently misunderstood, leading to faulty policy recommendations.

  • top leftWashington, DC
    Vice President for Studies Douglas H. Paal welcomes former state councilor for the People’s Republic of China Dai Bingguo
  • top rightWashington, DC
    Former U.S. director of national intelligence and deputy secretary of state John D. Negroponte
  • bottomWashington, DC
    C.H. Tung, former chief executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, discusses the U.S.-China relationship

Escalating security dilemmas, from competition in the South China Sea to North Korea’s erratic behavior, have also captured the attention of policymakers and analysts alike. In the report Creating a Stable Asia: An Agenda for a U.S.-China Balance of Power, Senior Fellow Michael D. Swaine assesses years of crisis-­management dialogue between the Chinese and U.S. militaries to outline how Beijing and Washington can accommodate one another’s ambitions in the Pacific Century. Following the election of Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, Vice President for Studies Douglas H. Paal published a series of articles suggesting how ­policymakers in Taiwan, the Chinese mainland, and the United States could peacefully manage the sensitive political transition. Nonresident Senior Fellow Chung Min Lee’s Fault Lines in a Rising Asia outlined the diverse and divisive challenges plaguing the continent and the need for Asian powers to come together to resolve them, as opposed to simply blaming the West. Ahead of Chinese President Xi Jinping’s state visit to the United States, Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy Director Paul Haenle offered a framework for Washington to respond to the new realities of a rising China. In his upcoming report, Uncommon Alliance for the Common Good, Senior Fellow James L. Schoff provides a detailed account of the post–Cold War U.S.-Japan alliance and how Washington and Tokyo can deepen their partnership in Asia and around the world.

Historic Gift for the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center

The Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy was honored to celebrate a $4 million commitment to the center from Wang Chaoyong, a center advisory council member and the first Chinese member of Carnegie’s Board of Trustees.

The donation is part of Wang’s gift of $16 million to Tsinghua University. As the founding member and chief executive officer of ChinaEquity Group—one of the leading venture capital and private equity firms in China—and a founding member of Morgan Stanley’s investment banking team in Beijing, Wang has dedicated more than twenty-seven years to pioneering and developing China’s involvement in international markets.

Chinese Nuclear Policy

Senior Fellow Li Bin and Fellow Tong Zhao provide an unprecedented look at China’s nuclear strategy and doctrine in their new edited volume, Understanding Chinese Nuclear Thinking. Published in Chinese and English, it also examines whether and how the strategy should evolve.

  • Washington, DC
    Carnegie Senior Fellow Li Bin (center) with then U.S. under secretary of state for arms control and international security Rose E. Gottemoeller (left) and Carnegie Nonresident Senior Fellow Evan S. Medeiros (right)
  • topNew Delhi, India
    MapMyGenome’s Anu Acharya, ShopClues’s Radhika Aggarwal, and Facebook’s Ankhi Das discuss technology, innovation, and Indian development
  • top insetNew Delhi, India
    Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi (center right) and Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Doval (right of center) welcome Carnegie trustees and leadership ahead of the launch of Carnegie India
  • bottom New Delhi, India
    Carnegie trustees and leadership meet with Indian President Pranab Mukherjee
  • center left Washington, DC
    Chief Economic Adviser to the Government of India Arvind Subramanian (right) with Carnegie Senior Fellow Ashley J. Tellis, then Indian ambassador to the United States Arun Kumar Singh, and Carnegie Senior Fellow Milan Vaishnav (left to right)
  • center rightWashington, DC
    Carnegie Senior Fellow Ashley J. Tellis and Indian Finance Minister Arun Jaitley discuss how Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government plans to grow the Indian economy

Carnegie India कार्नेगी भारत

Founded in April 2016, Carnegie India has already captured the attention of policymakers in India and around the world. Led and staffed by Indian experts, the center is building on decades of Carnegie research and has a growing network of contributors across South Asia. Its work concentrates on the political economy of reform in India, the country’s foreign and security policy challenges, and the role of technological innovation in India’s internal transformation and international relations.

Carnegie India Scholarship

In “India as a Leading Power,” Senior Fellow Ashley J. Tellis argues that India will only become a leading power when its economic foundations, state institutions, and military capabilities are truly robust.

In “The Indian Administrative Service Meets Big Data,” Senior Fellow Milan Vaishnav and Research Analyst Saksham Khosla discuss how the Indian Administrative Service is in urgent need of reform to keep pace with, and safeguard, the country’s burgeoning economy. Carnegie India Director C. Raja Mohan co-edited India’s Naval Strategy and Asian Security, which focuses on the changing nature of India’s maritime orientation, the recent evolution of its naval strategy, and its emerging defense diplomacy.

C. Raja Mohan
C. Raja Mohan is the inaugural director of Carnegie India. One of the subcontinent’s most well-known commentators and foreign affairs experts, Mohan is an expert on South Asian security, great power relations in Asia, and arms control.
Mohan was previously a visiting research professor at the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore and the Henry Alfred Kissinger Chair in Foreign Policy and International Relations at the Library of Congress. He is a foreign affairs columnist for the Indian Express and author of the critically acclaimed book Modi’s World: Expanding India’s Sphere of Influence.
“Carnegie India is opening at an important moment in India’s history. Whether India becomes a great power tomorrow depends on the actions it takes at home and abroad today. Our center seeks to identify the choices facing India and situate them in a global context.”

Carnegie–Tsinghua清华 - 卡内基

The Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy is one of the leading independent foreign policy research centers in China. Based in Beijing, the center connects leading scholars from Tsinghua University and across China with international policy experts and practitioners. In addition to researching China’s evolving energy, economic, and nuclear policies, the center designs programs to support dialogue and collaboration among next-generation leaders in China and the United States.
  • topBeijing, China
    Former U.S. commerce secretary Don Evans, a Carnegie–Tsinghua Center distinguished speaker
  • bottomBeijing, China
    Carnegie Trustee J. Stapleton Roy, China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations (CICIR) Vice President Yuan Peng, Carnegie Vice President for Studies Douglas H. Paal, CICIR Senior Researcher Wang Wenfeng, and Carnegie–Tsinghua Center Resident Scholar Chen Qi discuss U.S.-China relations (left to right)

Carnegie Global Dialogue

The third annual Carnegie Global Dialogue, held in Beijing over the course of two weeks, brought together scholars from across Carnegie’s network to discuss China’s evolving foreign policy and international role and to identify effective solutions to shared global challenges.

Distinguished Speakers Series

Carnegie–Tsinghua’s weeklong Distinguished Speakers Program invites senior scholars and former policymakers from the United States to Beijing to meet with Chinese think tank analysts, scholars, students, government and military officials, business leaders, and members of the Chinese and international press corps. In December 2015, weeks before Taiwan’s landmark elections in January, a top U.S. scholar on Taiwan, Shelley Rigger, spoke with Chinese government officials, including Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Zheng Zeguang and Vice Minister of the Taiwan Affairs Office Chen Yuanfeng, to exchange views on the path ahead for cross-strait relations.

Carnegie–Tsinghua Corporate Council

The Carnegie–Tsinghua U.S.-China Corporate Council engages with leading policy analysts and senior business leaders of multinational corporations operating in China for candid discussions on consequential geopolitical issues.

Paul Haenle
Paul Haenle, director of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center since 2010, is an adjunct professor at Tsinghua University. Previously, he served as the U.S. National Security Council’s director for China, Taiwan, and Mongolian affairs under both former president George W. Bush and President Barack Obama. He was the White House representative to the U.S. negotiating team at the Six-Party Talks on North Korea’s nuclear program.
“The rise of China is one of the most consequential geopolitical developments of the twenty-first century. The ability to highlight diverse perspectives from China about how the country hopes to advance its interests in regional affairs and position itself on the global stage makes the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center a uniquely valuable asset.”

Russia and the New Post-Soviet Space

Twenty-five years after the end of the Cold War, Russia is once again a strategic preoccupation of the United States and the world. Russia’s intervention in Syria and the unsettled conflict in Ukraine have had a chilling effect on relations between Russia and the West. The breakdown in trust and communication between Washington and Moscow will have lasting and unpredictable consequences.

Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program and the Carnegie Moscow Center are positioned to provide an unparalleled perspective on the Kremlin’s behavior and the dramatic changes unfolding across the former Soviet Union. Carnegie.ru is a bilingual platform for analysis of the internal and global significance of key developments in Russia and its neighborhood. The rapid growth of Carnegie.ru’s audience during its first year has helped foster debate within Russia on critical issues at a time when civil society has been under growing pressure. Senior Fellow Alexander Baunov, an essayist and winner of the prestigious 2016 Liberal Mission Foundation Prize for Analysis, has been the driving force behind this new endeavor.

Task Force on U.S. Policy Toward Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia

A joint endeavor of Carnegie and the Chicago Council on Global Affairs, the task force aims to increase understanding of Russia’s evolving foreign policy agenda, identify implications for regional order in Europe and Eurasia, and identify a more durable policy framework for the United States while sustaining and promoting transatlantic unity. Co-chaired by former U.S. deputy secretary of state Richard Armitage and Senator Chris Murphy (D-CT), the task force commissioned studies on arms control and nonproliferation, cyber threats, sanctions policy, and other topics, and conducted a fact-finding trip to the region in the fall of 2016.

  • top leftMoscow, Russia
    Carnegie Moscow Center Senior Fellow Andrey Movchan discusses the state of the Russian economy
  • top centerBeijing, China
    Carnegie Moscow Center Senior Fellow Alexander Gabuev discusses Russian-Chinese relations at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy’s Global Dialogue
  • bottom leftWashington, DC
    President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev
  • top rightMoscow, Russia
    Russia and Eurasia Program Director Eugene Rumer, Fudan University’s Zhao Huasheng, and Carnegie Moscow Director Dmitri Trenin discuss reconciling the interests of Russia, China, and the United States in Eurasia
  • bottom rightKyiv, Ukraine
    Carnegie Vice President for Studies Andrew S. Weiss, former CIA deputy director John McLaughlin, former deputy national security adviser for Iraq and Afghanistan Meghan O’Sullivan, and Carnegie Russia and Eurasia Program’s Anna Switzer meet with former chief of staff to Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko Borys Lozhkin

In his new book, Should We Fear Russia?, Carnegie Moscow Center Director Dmitri Trenin explains that today’s rivalry between Russia and the United States should not be confused for a new Cold War. He argues that new thinking is critical to avoiding old traps. In “Russia and the Security of Europe,” Russia and Eurasia Program Director Eugene Rumer provides a detailed account of how Russia’s increasingly aggressive and unpredictable foreign policy will challenge Western policymakers to identify not just military but also innovative political solutions.

Senior Fellow Alexander Gabuev looked at Russia’s evolving role to the east in the Asia Pacific and its growing economic dependence on China. Rumer and Senior Fellows Richard Sokolsky and Paul Stronski offered a new framework for U.S. engagement in Central Asia and the Caucasus, while scholars inside Ukraine—led by Nonresident Scholar Balázs Jarábik and in partnership with colleagues in Brussels and Washington—provided regular reports on Ukraine’s judicial, economic, national security, and governance reforms.

Fragile States

Carnegie, the Center for a New American Security, and the U.S. Institute of Peace formed an independent, nonpartisan study group to assess the U.S. government’s approach to reducing state fragility. The group concluded that the next administration must exhibit discipline and imagination in choosing where and how to exert U.S. leadership and offered policy recommendations to translate a new policy framework into action.

  • Washington, DC
    Carnegie President William J. Burns, CNAS CEO and Co-Founder Michèle Flournoy, and USIP President Nancy Lindborg discuss their report on state fragility
  • leftWashington, DC
    IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde shares her views on the state of the global economy and the IMF’s priorities, including Ukraine
  • rightChernivtsi, Ukraine
    Carnegie Nonresident Scholar Balázs Jarábik (center) discusses decentralization reform with local experts and officials

Ukraine Reform

Carnegie launched a multiyear project to monitor Ukraine’s progress across a complex domestic reform agenda. By joining forces with top civil society experts and practitioners inside Ukraine, this project is helping provide policymakers and stakeholders in Washington, Brussels, and other key Western capitals with objective, rigorous assessments of political, judicial, energy, security sector, and economic reforms.

Carnegie Moscow Center Московский Центр Карнеги

Founded in 1994, the Carnegie Moscow Center was the first independent think tank to open in Russia after the fall of the Soviet Union. Over more than two decades, the center has set the standard for objective and independent policy analysis in Russia and provided a global resource for understanding its domestic and foreign policy. Home to some of Russia’s most renowned scholars, as well as the next generation of policy analysts and intellectuals, the Carnegie Moscow Center team focuses on issues such as Russia’s foreign policy, domestic politics, nuclear policy, and the economy.

Carnegie Moscow Scholarship

Carnegie Moscow Center scholars publish exceptional research in both English and Russian, including Alexander Baunov’s recent paper examining Putin’s relationship with Russia’s nationalists and Dmitri Trenin’s latest book, Should We Fear Russia?

Andrei Kolesnikov

Senior Fellow Andrei Kolesnikov is the Carnegie Moscow Center’s top expert on Russian domestic politics and one of Russia’s most popular columnists. Using a series of focus groups organized by the Levada Center, Kolesnikov recently conducted an influential study on how external conflict and “virtual war” are essential to the legitimacy of President Putin’s leadership.

Dmitri Trenin
Dmitri Trenin has been with the Carnegie Moscow Center since its inception in 1994 and has been its director since 2008. In that time, he has become one of the most widely recognized and respected authorities on Russia’s role in the world, frequently appearing in both Russian and international media.
Trenin served in the Soviet and Russian armed forces for twenty years, including as a staff member of the delegation to the U.S.-Soviet nuclear arms talks in Geneva. He received his PhD from the Russian Academy of Sciences.
“During the course of the last two decades, the center has witnessed Russia’s resurgence as a player on the world’s stage. Whether it is in the Middle East or Asia, or discussions on the future of Europe, Russia’s voice now has to be taken into account.”
Washington, DCEU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini publicly presents the EU’s new Global Strategy for the first time in the United States at Carnegie

Europe’s Moment of Reckoning

Europe’s geopolitical landscape is rapidly evolving with the deeply unsettling reality of Brexit from the northwest, terrorism and a massive migration from the south, and a resurgent Russia from the east. The world is witnessing the biggest threat to European order since World War II—a moment that calls for a fresh look at the political trajectory of Europe and its role in the world.

Carnegie Europe serves as a critical node connecting these disparate challenges and situating them within Europe’s changing internal political and economic dynamics. Working closely with NATO officials, for example, scholars have sought to identify ways for the organization to adapt to a new environment of growing Russian hostility and calls for a new European military force. In conjunction with colleagues in Kyiv and Washington, Carnegie Europe engaged with senior figures in the European foreign policy community on the findings of Carnegie’s Ukraine Reform Monitor, a regular report that provides objective, rigorous ­assessments of the Ukraine reform effort.

Middle East aftershocks continue to rattle Europe. The refugee crisis is further stretching the seams on the European project, fueling a rise in populism. Senior Fellow Pierre Vimont has focused on the challenge of people smuggling from African countries.

  • leftBrussels, Belgium
    Carnegie Europe hosts Georgian President Giorgi Margvelashvili
  • centerLondon, UK
    Carnegie Senior Fellow Sarah Chayes (left) at the London Anti-Corruption Summit with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (center) and then UK prime minister David Cameron (right)
  • rightBrussels, Belgium
    Norwegian Foreign Affairs Minister Børge Brende discusses Norway’s foreign policy

In his article “The Tempting Trap of Fortress Europe,” Visiting Scholar Stefan Lehne outlines how this crisis will likely reshape the European Union’s global strategy. Senior Fellow Richard Youngs shines a regular spotlight on Europe’s efforts to keep a focus on rights and democracy in European foreign policy; and Carnegie Europe’s blog, Strategic Europe, continues to drive debates in the European policy community with its fresh, sharp contributions on Europe’s major strategic challenges.

Carnegie Europe’s work on Turkey over many years has helped policymakers in Brussels and beyond understand and respond to the failed coup attempt in Turkey and its aftereffects. Visiting scholars Sinan Ülgen and former ambassador Marc Pierini outlined their views on the strategic consequences of the coup, Turkey’s relationship with major powers, the Syrian conflict, and the future of Turkey’s European ambitions. Ülgen also proposed a new threat-based strategy for NATO’s southern flank.

  • Brussels, Belgium
    Carnegie Europe Senior Fellow Pierre Vimont(center) discusses his paper “Migration in Europe: Bridging the Solidarity Gap” with Carnegie Middle East Director Maha Yahya (left) and Carnegie Europe Nonresident Senior Fellow and Strategic Europe Editor in Chief Judy Dempsey (right)

Pierre Vimont

Senior Fellow Pierre Vimont served as the personal envoy of European Council President Donald Tusk to help tackle the causes of illegal migration and combat human smuggling and trafficking.

Prior to joining Carnegie, Vimont was the first executive secretary general of the European External Action Service and served as the French ambassador to the United States and the European Union.

  • leftBrussels, Belgium
    Microsoft President and Chief Legal Officer Brad Smith delivers a keynote address on the importance of advancing technology and preserving fundamental rights
  • rightWashington, DC
    UN Deputy Secretary General and former Swedish foreign affairs minister Jan Eliasson in conversation with Carnegie President William J. Burns

Carnegie Europe

Founded in 2007, Carnegie Europe is one of the few research institutions in Europe focused primarily on foreign policy and the region’s global role. Its scholars are based in Berlin, Istanbul, London, Madrid, Paris, and Vienna. With European citizens and politicians becoming increasingly preoccupied with migration and terrorism, the center’s global focus now has even greater relevance and importance. Its wide-ranging analysis focuses on Europe’s economic and political integration; its foreign, energy, and security policy challenges; and the shifting views of its pluralistic societies.
  • Brussels, Belgium
    Carnegie Nonresident Senior Fellow and Strategic Europe Editor in Chief Judy Dempsey moderates a Q&A with NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg

Judy Dempsey and Strategic Europe

Judy Dempsey is a nonresident senior fellow and editor in chief of Strategic Europe. She was previously a columnist for the International Herald Tribune and diplomatic correspondent for the Financial Times. She is the author of the book The Merkel Phenomenon. Dempsey has made the Strategic Europe blog a premier source of analysis on Europe and its relationship with the world. She has persuaded ministers, journalists, and academics from across Europe, as well as senior EU staff, to contribute to the blog.

Award-Winning

Carnegie Europe was named Prospect magazine’s 2016 EU International Affairs Think Tank of the Year and was praised by the judges for its work on Ukraine, European defense spending, and the governance of cyberspace. The judges noted that Carnegie Europe’s global perspective gave it the edge over its peers in this year’s competition.

Tomáš Valášek
Tomáš Valášek will be joining Carnegie Europe as director after serving as the permanent representative of the Slovak Republic to NATO for nearly four years. One of Europe’s brightest statesmen-scholars, Valášek is a leading voice on the continent’s foreign and security policy and the transatlantic relationship.
He previously served as president of the Central European Policy Institute in Bratislava, director of foreign policy and defense at the Centre for European Reform in London, and founder and director of the Brussels office of the World Security Institute. He also served as policy director and head of the security and defense policy division at the Slovak Ministry of Defense.
Politico named Valášek as one of twenty-eight people who are shaping and shaking Europe.

The Middle East in Transition

Five years after the Arab Awakening, the Middle East is still searching for a semblance of regional order. Stalled transitions, rising authoritarianism, stagnant economies, a mutating terrorist threat, and devastating conflicts continue to shackle the region from realizing its promise and the aspirations of its people.

With scholars from the Maghreb to the Gulf, Carnegie offers regional perspectives on every dimension of this period of tumult—from conflict and extremism to governance and security sector reform and energy to economics. Carnegie’s flagship Arab World Horizons project goes beyond the headlines to identify the core, interrelated challenges facing Arab countries and to help pinpoint pathways to resolve them. Mirroring the approach of the Arab Human Development Reports produced by the United Nations, the project builds on its diverse regional network to frame the challenge through human, political, and strategic lenses.

Arab World Horizons Survey

In February, the Horizons project released “Arab Voices on the Challenges of the New Middle East,” a survey of the detailed views of more than one hundred Arab experts from across the region, including distinguished scholars, civil society leaders, industry executives, and former senior government officials. While the self-proclaimed Islamic State and the region’s conflicts dominate the diplomatic agenda, the experts were nearly unanimous in their view that governance, accountability, and economic development were the more urgent priorities for the region.

  • Washington, DC
    Al-Hayat Washington Bureau Chief Joyce Karam, Carnegie Vice President for Studies Marwan Muasher, and University of Maryland’s Shibley Telhami (left to right) discuss the results of Carnegie’s first Arab experts study

Carnegie’s Middle East Program scholars are both informing and shaping today’s debates. Their work on Tunisia is a case in point. Rather than dictating any particular formula for reform, Carnegie scholars in Tunis, Washington, and Brussels worked with stakeholders from the Tunisian government, opposition, civil society, and private sector to outline a new approach to marshal and coordinate international support for Tunisia’s promising, if fragile, transition.

The paper “A New Framework for Partnership With Tunisia,” by Carnegie scholars Marwan Muasher, Marc Pierini, and Alexander Djerassi, outlines a compact that couples Tunisian-led policy and bureaucratic reforms with more coordinated and concrete international assistance. A follow-on project will continue to monitor and support the reforms.

The New Arab Wars: Uprisings and Anarchy in the Middle East

The New Arab Wars, by Nonresident Senior Fellow Marc Lynch, illuminates how the hope-filled Arab uprising morphed into a dystopia of resurgent dictators, failed states, and civil wars. Lynch argues that the region’s upheavals have only just begun—and that the hopes of Arab regimes and Western policymakers to retreat to old habits of authoritarian stability are doomed to fail. He presented the book’s main findings in conversation with Middle East Program Director Michele Dunne at Carnegie’s Washington office. Marc Lynch won the prestigious Andrew Carnegie Fellowship from the Carnegie Corporation of New York in April 2016 for his significant work in social sciences and the humanities.

Amr Hamzawy

Amr Hamzawy is a senior fellow in the Middle East and Democracy and Rule of Law programs, having previously worked as the research director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. A well-known voice in Egypt, he is a former member of the Egyptian National Council for Human Rights who was elected in the first parliamentary elections following the January 25, 2011, revolution in Egypt.

He contributes a weekly op-ed to the Egyptian independent newspaper Al-Shorouk, and his research focuses on political movements and civil society in Egypt, contemporary debates in Arab political thought, and human rights and governance in the Arab world.

To share Carnegie’s research more widely and provide a space for real-time responses to emerging issues, the Carnegie Middle East Center launched a new bilingual blog, Diwan, in September 2016. In March 2016, the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut held a two-day conference, “Seasons of Migration From the South: Refugees in a Changing World Order,” to highlight the long-term impact of the Syrian refugee crisis on both Arab countries and Europe. More than thirty speakers debated the political, security, economic, and social consequences on both states and societies of the most significant population movement seen since the end of World War II.

Jeffrey Goldberg

Jeffrey Goldberg is a visiting distinguished fellow and Carnegie’s first journalist in residence. As editor in chief of the Atlantic, Goldberg holds one of the most important jobs in American journalism today. Goldberg previously served as a national correspondent for the Atlantic and is a recipient of the National Magazine Award for Reporting. Prior to joining the Atlantic in 2007, he served as Middle East correspondent and Washington correspondent at the New Yorker. His April 2016 cover story, “The Obama Doctrine,” was the latest in a long list of acclaimed and influential pieces. Over multiple sessions with President Barack Obama and more than six hours of conversation, Goldberg constructed the most thorough and compelling account to date of President Obama’s vision for U.S. foreign policy and America’s role in the world.

  • leftWashington, DC
    U.S. Deputy Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken delivers the keynote address at the launch of “A New Framework for Partnership With Tunisia”
  • centerWashington, DC
    Tunisian Minister of Development, Investment, and International Cooperation Yassine Brahim
  • rightTunis, Tunisia
    Carnegie Vice President for Studies MarwanMuasher speaks to media

Carnegie Middle East Centerمركز كارنيغي للشرق الأوسط

Founded in 2006, the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut stands out in the region for its research and thoughtful, nonpartisan dialogue. The center’s scholars come from across the region, including Algeria, Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and Yemen. With the Arab world undergoing unprecedented change, the center examines both the internal and cross-border political, economic, geopolitical, and ideological challenges facing the region.
  • topBeirut, Lebanon
    Carnegie Senior Fellow Yezid Sayigh discusses oil and a new economic order with Nonresident Scholar Carole Nakhle
  • bottomNew Blog
    Diwan, the Carnegie Middle East team’s new bilingual blog, offers reactions to breaking news, interviews with personalities and political figures, and updates on Carnegie projects in the Middle East
Maha Yahya
Maha Yahya was named director of the Middle East Center in 2016, after serving as a senior fellow for two years. Her research focuses on issues of citizenship, pluralism, and social justice. Yahya has deep experience in development and political transformation in the region.
Yahya was the director and principal author of The National Human Development Report 2008–2009: Toward a Citizen’s State. She earned a PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and a PhD from the Architectural Association School of Architecture in London. She also founded and edited MIT’s Electronic Journal of Middle East Studies.
“As a center, it is very important that we do not just study today’s crises but actively seek to understand their roots and long-term ramifications.”

Investing in the Next Generation

Carnegie is deeply committed to investing in the next generation of scholars and practitioners in international affairs. In June, Carnegie received the largest non-foundation endowment gift in its history to support the Junior Fellows Program.

In Beirut, Vice Chairman of the Board of Trustees Mohamed A. El-Erian endowed a chair for a promising young scholar from the Arab world in honor of his late father. The Middle East Program’s online journal, Sada, has become a leading destination for young Arab thinkers and up-and-coming scholars of the region to publish their research. More than 500 people have written for Sada, which this year released an e-book collection of the best contributions.

In Beijing, the Young Ambassadors Program engages young leaders from China, the United States, and around the world to foster relationships and build understanding in research, international business, academia, and policy. Both the Chinese and U.S. governments recognized the program at the 2016 U.S.-China Consultation on People-to-People Exchange—the highest platform for official dialogue between the United States and China—for its many contributions cultivating the next generation of global leaders.

In Asia, Carnegie helps train promising nuclear policy scholars. Workshops and seminars in China, India, and Pakistan brought together future policymakers in uncommon groupings to examine their countries’ perspectives and concerns about nuclear stability.

In Brussels, in partnership with the Open Society European Policy Institute, Carnegie Europe developed Global Europe 2030, a program that convenes the most talented emerging foreign and security policy professionals in Europe to discuss the long-term challenges facing Europeans at home and abroad.

James C. Gaither Junior Fellows Program

The James C. Gaither Junior Fellows Program, named in honor of a former chairman of Carnegie’s Board of Trustees, offers paid fellowships to uniquely qualified university graduates of any nationality put forward by 400 participating colleges across the United States. Each fellow serves for one year as a research assistant to a Carnegie scholar.

“I am very grateful to my friends and colleagues and to the Trustees whose generosity has endowed this program, which provides wonderful opportunities for future leaders in international affairs. There is no better way to learn than by doing—in this case, working alongside the very best scholars and thinkers in the field. I could not be more honored than to have my name associated with this program and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.”
— James C. Gaither

The program’s more than 200 alumni have scaled the heights of academia, business, and public service and include ABC News Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power, Senior Adviser to President Barack Obama Brian Deese, Acting Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Marcel Lettre, and former National Security Council senior director for Asian affairs Evan S. Medeiros. Part of the named gift allows alumni to connect online and in person at regular events and gatherings.

  • topWashington, DC
    U.S. Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence and former Carnegie junior fellow Marcel Lettre (center) and the 2016–2017 James C. Gaither Junior Fellows
  • leftWashington, DC
    Former Carnegie junior fellows David Livingston (left), now a Carnegie associate fellow, and Brian Deese (right), now a White House senior adviser
  • rightWashington, DC
    The 2016–2017 James C. Gaither Junior Fellows

Philanthropy for Peace

Carnegie is fortunate to count on the generosity of global citizens, foundations, and corporate leaders who share the institution’s commitment to building a more peaceful world. Andrew Carnegie’s founding gift of $10 million in 1910 continues to inspire donors today.

In 2016, Carnegie reached new highs in program funding, trustee giving, and new endowment gifts.

Carnegie’s Board of Trustees continues to lead by example, whether through its leadership on the James C. Gaither Junior Fellows Program, support for our global centers, or other named gifts. Trustees host events worldwide to share Carnegie’s unique expertise and global perspective. In the past year alone, trustees have hosted events in Brussels, New Delhi, Hong Kong, London, New York City, and San Francisco.

Carnegie continues to enjoy strong working relationships with a number of foundations, companies, and donor governments, whose support makes possible the kind of rigorous and independent research that has become our hallmark.

  • top leftStanford, CA
    Carnegie President William J. Burns, Carnegie Trustee Kenneth Olivier, and Alphabet Chief Financial Officer Ruth Porat (left to right)
  • top rightWashington, DC
    Former Carnegie chairman James C. Gaither (left) and Carnegie Trustee Patricia House (right)
  • bottom centerNew Delhi, India
    Carnegie Trustee Sunil Bharti Mittal at the launch of Carnegie India
  • center leftWashington, DC
    Carnegie Trustee Scott D. Malkin (left) and Vice President for Studies Andrew S. Weiss (right)
  • bottom leftStanford, CA
    Nvidia President and Chief Executive Officer Jen-Hsun Huang and Lori Huang
  • center rightWashington, DC
    Carnegie Trustee Aso O. Tavitian (left) and Carnegie Europe Visiting Scholar Marc Pierini (right)
  • bottom rightWashington, DC
    Former White House deputy chief of staff Jim Messina (left) and Carnegie Trustee George Siguler (right)

New Board Members

David Burke

David Burke has a deep background in the venture capital and private equity sector. He is co-founder and CEO of Makena Capital Management, a global investment company serving endowments, foundations, family offices, and international financial institutions.

“I am honored to have joined Carnegie’s Board of Trustees,” Burke said. “Carnegie’s history as the oldest international affairs think tank in the United States—as well as its global reach through its five centers—makes this ­institution a unique and important voice in the field of international relations, which has been a lifelong interest of mine.”

Burke serves on the advisory boards of a number of private equity and venture capital firms. He is a trustee of the University of Virginia Law School Foundation and a member of the board of the University of Virginia Investment Management Company. Burke received a BS in finance, an MA in foreign affairs, and a JD from the University of Virginia.

Victoria Ransom

Victoria Ransom is a pioneer entrepreneur in social marketing. She was the co-founder of Wildfire, a social marketing software company, which was acquired by Google in 2012. That year, she was appointed as the director of product at Google and named one of Fortune magazine’s Most Powerful Women Entrepreneurs as well as one of their 40 under 40.

“Carnegie’s work as a global entity reflects how interconnected the world has become,” Ransom said. “Given my work in the technology field, I have seen firsthand the importance of understanding this interconnectivity. I am proud to have joined the board of an organization that is at the forefront of so many critical global issues.”

Ransom was born in New Zealand and won a scholarship to attend an international high school in New Mexico. She received a BA in psychology from Macalester College and an MBA from Harvard University.

Zhang Yichen

Zhang Yichen is one of the earliest and most prominent members of China’s investment community. He is the chairman and chief executive officer of CITIC Capital Holdings Limited, which he founded in 2002 and which invests in some of China’s leading companies. Before joining CITIC Group, Zhang worked on Wall Street for Greenwich Capital -Markets, the Bank of Tokyo, and Merrill Lynch.

“I admire the contribution Carnegie makes to fostering dialogue between China and the wider world,” Zhang said. “It is committed to investing in the next generation of thinkers and doers in international affairs.”

Zhang is a member of the Eleventh and Twelfth National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and a member of the Young Global Leaders of the World Economic Forum foundation board. He obtained a BS in computer science and engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

New Board Leadership

Shirley M. Tilghman stepped down as vice chair of the board, after an extraordinary twelve years of service. Tilghman, one of America’s leading molecular biologists, was the first woman to be appointed president of Princeton University in 2001. Tilghman served as chair of the program committee from 2008 to 2014, and was instrumental in helping Carnegie navigate the global financial crisis and design the strategic plan for Carnegie’s Global Vision.
Tilghman is succeeded by Mohamed A. El-Erian, one of the most well-known figures in global finance. A chief economic adviser at Allianz and chair of U.S. President Barack Obama’s Global Development Council, El-Erian joined Carnegie’s board in 2011 and endowed the El-Erian Fellowship in Beirut in his father’s honor.

Donors

Carnegie acknowledges the generous support of donors in fiscal year 2016. The following list reflects cash contributions received July 1, 2015, through June 30, 2016.

  • $1,000,000 and above

    Carnegie Corporation of New York

    Jen-Hsun Huang

    Gordon E. & Betty J. Moore Trust

    Catherine James Paglia/Robert & Ardis James Foundation

    UK Department for International Development

  • $250,000 to $999,999

    The Asfari Foundation

    C.K. Birla

    Cisco Systems, Inc.

    ClimateWorks Foundation

    Defense Intelligence Agency

    Ford Foundation

    Gilead Sciences

    Colleen and Robert D. Haas Fund

    The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

    Patricia House

    Embassy of Japan

    Kingold Group Company Ltd.

    John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation

    Open Society Foundations

    Bernard L. Schwartz/The Bernard and Irene Schwartz Foundation

    Aso O. Tavitian/Tavitian Foundation

    U.S. Department of Defense

    Wang Chaoyong

    Charles J. Zwick

  • $100,000 to $249,999

    David L. Anderson

    G. Leonard Baker, Jr.

    Jamnalal Bajaj Foundation

    Bharti Airtel Limited

    Robert Bosch Stiftung

    Tench and Simone Otus Coxe

    Emerald Gate Charitable Trust

    Federal Foreign Office of Germany

    The Hurford Foundation

    Eric Li

    The Henry Luce Foundation, Inc.

    Scott and Laura Malkin

    Charles Stewart Mott Foundation

    Mulago Foundation

    Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands

    Kenneth Olivier and Angela Nomellini

    George W. and Pamela M. Siguler

    Bernard L. Schwartz/The Bernard and Irene Schwartz Foundation

    George W. and Pamela M. Siguler

    Skoll Global Threats Fund

    The Stanton Foundation

    Taipei Economic and Cultural Representative Office

    Tata Consultancy Services, Limited

    Tata Sons, Limited

    UK Foreign & Commonwealth Office

    U.S. Department of State

    William H. Younger, Jr.

  • $50,000 to $99,999

    Alcoa Foundation

    Center for Global Partnership

    Chevron

    Mohamed A. El-Erian

    Harvey V. Fineberg and Mary E. Wilson

    General Electric

    Good Ventures

    HT Media

    Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw

    Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    Open Society European Policy Institute

    Prospect Hill Foundation

    Mott Foundation

    Prospect Hill Foundation

    Rockefeller Brothers Fund

    Shell

    Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

    Wythes Family Foundation

  • $25,000 to $49,999

    Amelia and Bayo Ogunlesi

    Mort and Sheppie Abramowitz

    Amway (China) Co., Ltd.

    Jeffrey and Christina Bird

    BP North America, Inc.

    Robert and Mary Carswell

    ConocoPhillips

    Energy Foundation

    ENI S.p.A.

    Delegation of the European Union to the United States

    Fiat Chrysler Automobiles

    Richard Giordano

    John Hennessy

    Hitachi, Ltd.

    Leslie and George Hume

    Majid Jafar

    Japan External Trade Organization

    Samer Khoury

    The Korea Foundation

    Linda Mason

    Microsoft Corporation

    New-Land Foundation

    North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    Hutham Olayan

    Sasakawa Peace Foundation

    Statoil Russia

    The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd.

    Shirley M. Tilghman

    Trehan Foundation

    Rohan S. Weerasinghe

    The James and Patricia White Fund

  • Up to $24,999

    Asan Institute for Policy Studies

    Paul Balaran

    Patrice & Jerald Belofsky

    Former U.S. Senator Bill Bradley

    Bridgewater Associates, LP

    John W. Buoymaster

    William J. Burns

    Conrad Cafritz

    Caufield Family Foundation

    Corning Incorporated

    Gregory B. Craig

    William H. Draper III and Phyllis C. Draper Fund

    European Climate Foundation

    European Union Institute for Security Studies

    Faramarz Fardshisheh

    Irwin Federman

    Ford Motor Company

    Charles W. Freeman, Jr.

    French Ministry of Defense

    Vartan Gregorian

    The Hauser Foundation

    Heinrich Boell Foundation

    Jon M. Huntsman, Jr.

    Republic of Ireland

    James Family Charitable Trust

    Stephen R. Lewis, Jr.

    Lockheed Martin Corporation

    Jonathan Lomartire and Deborah Stafford

    Kent Loughery

    Nancy R. Starr and Philip C. Marshall

    Raymond J. McGuire

    Brian Merlob

    The Laura Ellen and Robert Muglia Family Foundation

    Lynn and Fred Muto

    New Venture Fund

    Mission of Norway to the European Union

    Lynn Poole

    Ruth Porat

    Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs

    L. Rafael Reif

    Jesse and Melinda Rogers

    J. Stapleton Roy

    The Vanessa Ruiz & David Birenbaum Family Fund

    Semnani Family Foundation

    Sonenshine Partners

    Mary Speiser

    Byron and Anita Wien



Staff

Carnegie staff as of December 1, 2016

  • Washington
    EXECUTIVE OFFICE
    • William J. Burns

      President

    • Paul Balaran

      Executive Vice President and Secretary

    • Matan Chorev

      Chief of Staff

    • Mary L. Dubose

      Executive Assistant to the President

    • Miles Graham

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Toula Papanicolas

      Executive Assistant

  • ASIA PROGRAM
    • Douglas H. Paal

      Vice President for Studies

    • Muthiah Alagappa

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Evan Feigenbaum

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • François Godement

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • John L. Holden

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Yukon Huang

      Senior Fellow

    • Benjamin Lee

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Chung Min Lee

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Pengqiao Lu

      Editorial Assistant

    • Evan S. Medeiros

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Vikram Nehru

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Rachel Odell

      Nonresident Research Analyst

    • Michael Pettis

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • James L. Schoff

      Senior Fellow

    • David Song

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • David Stack

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Michael D. Swaine

      Senior Fellow

    • Alexander Taylor

      Senior Program Administrator

    • Yaping Wang

      Senior Editor

  • CYBER POLICY INITIATIVE
    • George Perkovich

      Vice President for Studies

    • Martha Finnemore

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Duncan B. Hollis

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Ariel (Eli) Levite

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Tim Maurer

      Fellow

    • Steven Nyikos

      Research Analyst

    • Rexon Y. Ryu

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Bert Thompson

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

  • DEMOCRACY AND RULE OF LAW PROGRAM
    • Thomas Carothers

      Senior Vice President for Studies

    • Elena Barham

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Jonah Belser

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Saskia Brechenmacher

      Associate Fellow

    • Sarah Chayes

      Senior Fellow

    • Amr Hamzawy

      Senior Fellow

    • Tiffany Joslin

      Program Coordinator and Research Assistant

    • Rachel Kleinfeld

      Senior Fellow

    • Richard Youngs

      Senior Fellow

  • ENERGY AND CLIMATE PROGRAM
    • Thomas Carothers

      Senior Vice President for Studies

    • David Burwell

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Deborah Gordon

      Senior Fellow and Director

    • David Livingston

      Associate Fellow

    • Madeleine Scher

      Program Assistant

    • Samuel Wojcicki

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

  • MIDDLE EAST PROGRAM
    • Marwan Muasher

      Vice President for Studies

    • Fadil Aliriza

      Project Manager

    • Joseph Bahout

      Visiting Scholar

    • Anouar Boukhars

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Nathan J. Brown

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Perry Cammack

      Fellow

    • Michele Dunne

      Senior Fellow and Director

    • Intissar Fakir

      Editor in Chief, Sada

    • Mariam Ghanem

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Amr Hamzawy

      Senior Fellow

    • Aron Lund

      Nonresident Fellow

    • Marc Lynch

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • John Polcari

      Program Coordinator and Research Assistant

    • Laura Rostad

      Editorial Coordinator, Sada

    • Karim Sadjadpour

      Senior Fellow

    • Tiffany Tupper

      Senior Program Administrator

    • Frederic Wehrey

      Senior Fellow

    • Caroline Zullo

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

  • NUCLEAR POLICY PROGRAM
    • George Perkovich

      Vice President for Studies

    • James M. Acton

      Co-Director and Senior Fellow

    • Shahram Chubin

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Toby Dalton

      Co-Director

    • Elizabeth Dovell

      Communications Coordinator

    • Pierre Goldschmidt

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Chelsea Green

      Herbert Scoville Jr. Peace Fellow

    • Mark Hibbs

      Senior Fellow

    • Wyatt Hoffman

      Nonresident Research Analyst

    • Togzhan Kassenova

      Fellow

    • Ulrich Kühn

      Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow

    • Tomoko Kurokawa

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Ariel (Eli) Levite

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Li Bin

      Senior Fellow

    • Jessica Margolis

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Eric McLaughlin

      Program Assistant

    • Paul Schulte

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Bert Thompson

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Tristan Volpe

      Fellow

    • Nicholas D. Wright

      Nonresident Fellow

    • Tong Zhao

      Fellow

  • RUSSIA AND EURASIA PROGRAM
    • Andrew S. Weiss

      Vice President for Studies

    • Bogdan Belei

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • James F. Collins

      Senior Fellow and Diplomat in Residence

    • Balázs Jarábik

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Edward Mahabir

      Program Assistant

    • Eugene Rumer

      Senior Fellow and Director

    • Richard Sokolsky

      Senior Fellow

    • Paul Stronski

      Senior Fellow

    • Anna Switzer

      Associate Director

    • Alexandra Vreeman

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

  • SOUTH ASIA PROGRAM
    • George Perkovich

      Vice President for Studies

    • Rebecca Brown

      James C. Gaither Junior Fellow

    • Gilles Dorronsoro

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Frederic Grare

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Christophe Jaffrelot

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Rachel Osnos

      Program Coordinator

    • Aqil Shah

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Ashley J. Tellis

      Senior Fellow

    • Milan Vaishnav

      Senior Fellow

    • Thomas West

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Xiaoping Yang

      Visiting Scholar

  • U.S. ROLE IN THE WORLD PROGRAM
    • David Rothkopf

      Visiting Scholar

  • DISTINGUISHED FELLOWS
    • Jeffrey Goldberg

      Visiting Distinguished Fellow

    • Jessica Tuchman Mathews

      Distinguished Fellow

    • Moisés Naím

      Distinguished Fellow

  • COMMUNICATIONS
    • Tom Carver

      Vice President for Communications and Strategy

    • Samuel Brase

      Content Manager

    • Meshal DeSantis

      Senior Media Relations Coordinator

    • Ryan DeVries

      Assistant Editor

    • Lauren Dueck

      Outreach Manager

    • Zachary Evans

      Social Media and Communications Coordinator

    • Courtney Griffith

      Design Manager

    • Cooper Hewell

      Content Assistant

    • Naomi Jones

      Graphic Designer

    • Jessica Katz

      Web Manager/Developer

    • Diana Lewis

      Database Manager

    • Tim Martin

      Digital Director

    • Tara Medeiros

      Deputy Director of Communications

    • Lori Merritt

      Senior Editor

    • Nick Parrott

      Director of Communications

    • Sarah Sheffer

      Outreach Manager

  • DEVELOPMENT
    • Douglas W. Bechler

      Vice President for Development

    • Nikki Drevich

      Director of Development

    • Barbara Edmondson

      Executive Assistant

    • Hilary McGraw

      Grants Manager

    • Kathleen Suatoni

      Development Associate

    • Emily Tucker

      Development Coordinator

    • Rachel Wetz

      Development Associate

    • Edward Wynne

      Prospect Research Manager

  • FINANCE
    • Melissa Sanoff

      Chief Financial Officer

    • Yu-Chieh Chou

      Staff Accountant

    • Randi Kimble

      Accounting Manager

    • Aiysha Kirmani

      Controller

    • Rojina Subedi

      Accounting Assistant

    • Jin Wang

      Senior Accounting Manager

  • HUMAN RESOURCES AND ADMINISTRATION
    • Lynne Sport

      Senior Director

    • Veronika Arrington

      Office Manager

    • Sylvie Burns

      Human Resources Manager

    • Stevie Fuller

      Office Assistant

    • Christopher Grider

      Human Resources Generalist

    • Denitria Jackson

      Receptionist and Office Assistant

    • Sri Partowardojo

      Conference Center Manager

    • Modesto Rivera

      Conference Center Assistant

    • Edgardo Tubilla

      Conference Center Assistant

  • INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
    • Vincent Taylor

      IT Director

    • Alphonso Brooks

      Audio Visual Engineer

    • Alaisha Etheredge

      Help Desk Technician

    • Chenel Josaphat

      Network Engineer

    • Enrique Lozano

      Systems Administrator

  • LIBRARY
    • Kathleen Higgs

      Library Director

    • Alexander Dodd

      Library Assistant

    • Nellie Kamau

      Senior Electronic Resources Coordinator

  • Beijing
    CARNEGIE–TSINGHUA CENTER FOR GLOBAL POLICY
    • Paul Haenle

      Director

    • Chen Qi

      Resident Scholar

    • Jordyn Dahl

      Editorial and Web Coordinator

    • Wanyi Du

      Media and Chinese Content Coordinator

    • Matt Ferchen

      Resident Scholar

    • Shi Han

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Olivia Lamb

      Operations Coordinator

    • Thomas Lehmann

      Development Coordinator

    • Li Bin

      Senior Fellow

    • Thena Li

      Government Relations and Partnership Coordinator

    • Pang Xun

      Resident Scholar

    • Michael Pettis

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Angie Quan

      Events Coordinator

    • Shi Zhiqin

      Resident Scholar

    • Sun Xuefeng

      Resident Scholar

    • Tang Xiaoyang

      Deputy Director

    • Lucas Tcheyan

      Research Assistant

    • Yan Xuetong

      President of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Management Board

    • Wang Tao

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Zhang Chuanjie

      Resident Scholar

    • Zhao Kejin

      Resident Scholar

    • Tong Zhao

      Fellow

    • Jen Zhu

      Communications Director

  • Beirut
    CARNEGIE MIDDLE EAST CENTER
    • Maha Yahya

      Director

    • Amr Adly

      Visiting Scholar

    • Salim Akl

      HR and Administrative Manager

    • Rida Al-Massih

      Translations Coordinator

    • Farea Al-Muslimi

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Rebecca Baydoun

      Program Assistant

    • Ghenwa Bazzi

      Events Coordinator

    • Assil El Hage

      Senior Translations and Editing Coordinator

    • Joseph El-Khoury

      Office Assistant

    • Paul Gadalla

      Web Coordinator

    • Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck

      El-Erian Fellow

    • Mohanad Hage Ali

      Communications Director

    • Kheder Khaddour

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Raphaël Lefèvre

      Visiting Scholar

    • Saad Mehio

      Editorial Manager, Arabic Publications

    • Carole Nakhle

      Nonresident Scholar

    • Bassem Nemeh

      Research Assistant

    • Yezid Sayigh

      Senior Fellow

    • Joumana Seikaly

      Development and Publications Manager

    • Michael Young

      Senior Editor

  • Brussels
    CARNEGIE EUROPE
    • Tomáš Valášek

      Director (starting spring 2017)

    • Cornelius Adebahr

      Nonresident Fellow

    • Lizza Bomassi

      Deputy Director

    • Thomas de Waal

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Nieves del Saz-Orozco Huang

      Office Manager

    • Judy Dempsey

      Nonresident Senior Fellow and Editor in Chief, Strategic Europe

    • Christina Gallagher

      Events and Outreach Assistant

    • Maria Koomen

      Program Manager

    • Liza Kurukulasuriya

      Development Associate

    • Stefan Lehne

      Visiting Scholar

    • Christine Lynch

      Communications Director

    • Eleonora Moschini

      Communications Coordinator

    • Emma Murphy

      Communications Assistant

    • Marc Pierini

      Visiting Scholar

    • Gwendolyn Sasse

      Nonresident Senior Fellow

    • Francesco Siccardi

      Events and Outreach Manager

    • Sinan Ülgen

      Visiting Scholar

    • Pierre Vimont

      Senior Fellow

    • Ben Yielding

      Deputy Editor

    • Richard Youngs

      Senior Fellow

  • Moscow
    CARNEGIE MOSCOW CENTER
    • Dmitri Trenin

      Director

    • Ludmila Alekseeva

      Cook

    • Alexey Arbatov

      Scholar in Residence and Chair, Nonproliferation Program

    • Tatiana Barabanova

      Publications Manager

    • Alexander Baunov

      Senior Fellow and Editor in Chief, Carnegie.ru

    • Georgy Birger

      Web Coordinator

    • Angela Blinova

      Accountant

    • Elena Bogatyreva

      Program Coordinator

    • Vladimir Dvorkin

      Distinguished Military Fellow

    • Vladimir Filipov

      Systems Administrator

    • Natalia Firsova

      Associate Director

    • Alexander Gabuev

      Senior Fellow and Chair, Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program

    • Natalia Kabanova

      Administrative Director

    • Andrei Kolesnikov

      Senior Fellow and Chair, Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program

    • Alexey Kotov

      Office Manager

    • Yulia Kovaleva

      Research Assistant

    • Raisa Kulikova

      Cleaner

    • Nina Kurgan

      Cleaner

    • Natasha Lastochkina

      Receptionist

    • Alexey Malashenko

      Scholar in Residence and Chair, Religion, Society, and Security Program

    • Andrey Movchan

      Senior Fellow and Chair, Economics Program

    • Nadezhda Razhukova

      Communications Coordinator

    • Maxim Samorukov

      Deputy Editor, Carnegie.ru

    • Viktoria Shapovalova

      Executive Assistant

    • Vita Spivak

      Project Coordinator

    • Petr Topychkanov

      Fellow

    • Svetlana Tugan-Baranovskaya

      Communications Manager

    • Alfira Valeeva

      Accountant

    • Victoria Yarotskaya

      Receptionist

  • New Delhi
    CARNEGIE INDIA
    • C. Raja Mohan

      Director

    • Bilal Baloch

      Visiting Fellow

    • Darshana M. Baruah

      Research Analyst

    • Saksham Khosla

      Research Analyst

    • Alok Kumar

      Office Manager

    • Arushi Kumar

      Research Assistant

    • Ananth Padmanabhan

      Fellow

    • Shivnath Thukral

      Managing Director

    • Constantino Xavier

      Fellow

Management Transitions

Paul Balaran

After more than two superb decades of service to Carnegie as executive vice president, Paul Balaran stepped down at the end of 2016. He has been an invaluable figure during a critical period in Carnegie’s history—from the construction of the Washington headquarters building to the launch of Carnegie’s global centers, and the conception and implementation of numerous strategic plans and initiatives. Balaran leaves behind an indelible mark and a rich legacy of achievement.

Elizabeth L. Dibble

Elizabeth L. Dibble joins Carnegie in January 2017 as its chief operating officer, after more than twenty years of service as a U.S. diplomat. She has run some of the largest and most complex embassies and bureaus in the U.S. government, most recently as the deputy chief of mission in London. In 2011, Foreign Policy named her one of the 100 Top Global Thinkers.

Douglas W. Bechler

Douglas W. Bechler joined Carnegie in October 2016 as vice president for development. He previously was senior development officer at Stanford University’s Hoover Institution, where he recruited new board members, raised major gifts, and expanded Hoover’s reach across the United States.

Thomas Carothers

Thomas Carothers, who leads the Democracy and Rule of Law, Europe, and Energy & Climate programs, has taken on the new role of senior vice president for studies to coordinate the institution’s overall research agenda and help define its vision for Carnegie’s second century.

Event Highlights

  • top leftNew York, NY
    ABC News Chief Anchor George Stephanopoulos at a Carnegie luncheon
  • bottom leftWashington, DC
    New York Times columnist Thomas L. Friedman in conversation with Carnegie Visiting Scholar David Rothkopf
  • bottom rightWashington, DC
    Carnegie Corporation of New York President Vartan Gregorian, former U.S. senator Richard Lugar, former U.S. secretary of defense William J. Perry, Russian Colonel General Viktor Esin, former U.S. senator Sam Nunn, and Carnegie Vice President for Studies George Perkovich (left to right)
  • top rightWashington, DC
    Former U.S. energy secretary Daniel Poneman, former national security adviser Brent Scowcroft, and Harvard University’s Graham Allison (left to right)
  • center rightWashington, DC
    Former national security adviser Stephen J. Hadley and former U.S. representative Jane Harman discuss global challenges facing the United States in a live BBC Radio recording
  • top rightWashington, DC
    Carnegie Senior Fellow Frederic Wehrey greets U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Bob Corker (R-TN) before he testifies on U.S. policy toward Libya
  • top leftWashington, DC
    U.S. Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz delivers an address on the Obama administration’s nuclear policy legacy
  • bottom leftWashington, DC
    U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob J. Lew delivers an address on the future of economic sanctions
  • bottom centerWashington, DC
    Former U.S. secretary of state Colin L. Powell
  • centerWashington, DC
    Former U.S. secretary of homeland security Michael Chertoff speaking at a joint Carnegie-Microsoft event on transatlantic challenges in cyberspace
  • bottom rightWashington, DC
    Former prime minister of Australia Kevin Rudd presents a report on UN reform

Communicating Across Boundaries

Carnegie’s scholarship is aimed at reaching a global audience—the thinkers and doers who can help realize Andrew Carnegie’s vision of a more peaceful world. In support of this goal, our communications operation works with local and international media, and across both traditional and social media platforms.

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