Thomas de Waal

Senior Associate
Russia and Eurasia Program
De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.
 

Education

BA, Balliol College at Oxford University

Languages

English; Greek; Russian

 

Tom de Waal is a senior associate in the Russia and Eurasia Program at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region, comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories, as well as in the wider Black Sea region.

De Waal is an acknowledged expert on the unresolved conflicts of the South Caucasus: Abkhazia, Nagorny Karabakh, and South Ossetia. From 2002 to 2009, he worked as an analyst and project manager on the conflicts in the South Caucasus for the London-based NGOs Conciliation Resources and the Institute for War and Peace Reporting.

He is author of the authoritative book on the Karabakh conflict, Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War (NYU Press, 2003), which has been translated into Armenian, Azeri, and Russian. His latest book is The Caucasus: An Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2010).

De Waal has worked extensively as a journalist and writer in the Caucasus and Black Sea region and in Russia. He has twice worked as an analyst and reporter for the BBC World Service in London, from 1991 to 1993 and from 1998 to 1999, and continues to make documentaries for BBC Radio.

From 1993 to 1997, he worked in Moscow for the Moscow Times, the Times of London, and the Economist, specializing in Russian politics and the situation in Chechnya. He is the co-author (with Carlotta Gall) of the book Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (NYU Press, 1997), for which the authors were awarded the James Cameron Prize for Distinguished Reporting. 

  • Op-Ed Foreign Affairs September 26, 2014
    Azerbaijan Doesn’t Want To Be Western

    Azerbaijan now deems itself powerful enough to chart a third way, in which it adopts a Russia-style authoritarian model, while positioning itself as a so-called “strategic partner” with the West on energy issues and security.

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  • Eurasia Outlook September 24, 2014
    Georgia and NATO—Everything But Membership

    Georgia continues to try to prove itself a de facto ally of the United States, even without a formal alliance. This is the policy that Georgia needed all along: a stronger security relationship with the United States that makes it feel safer, without raising a red flag of NATO.

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  • Eurasia Outlook September 17, 2014
    The Scotland Effect

    Separatists across Europe are hailing Scotland's referendum, but they also know that breaking up is a traumatic process.

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  • Eurasia Outlook September 11, 2014
    Armenian Maneuvers

    Last year, Armenian President Sargsyan committed his country to joining Putin’s Eurasian Union, instead of going toward the EU. A year on, serious discussions between the EU and Yerevan on how to re-launch the relationship have yet to start.

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  • Eurasia Outlook September 3, 2014
    Beslan Ten Years Later

    Today, the Islamist militants who attacked a school in Beslan in 2004 are weaker than before. But the fact that the North Caucasus has fallen out of the headlines does not mean that its problems are solved.

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  • Eurasia Outlook August 27, 2014
    Khajimba’s Challenges

    Raul Khajimba has attained the position of Abkhazian president at the fourth attempt, but he knows it's a far from enviable job.

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  • Eurasia Outlook August 20, 2014
    Shevardnadze’s Lessons For Ukraine

    As Petro Poroshenko embarks on a long steep journey as leader of Ukraine, he would do well to study Eduard Shevardnadze's statecraft in Georgia, with both his great successes and the later disappointments.

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  • Eurasia Outlook August 13, 2014
    Out of Ideas in Sochi

    Putin enjoyed his moment in the media limelight as a peace-maker over Karabakh. But the lack of substance from the summit suggests that Russia is as out of ideas as anyone else on the Karabakh conflict.

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  • Eurasia Outlook August 5, 2014
    Karabakh’s Guns of August

    The ceasefire in Nagorny Karabakh has been violated multiple times over the last few days. Without a more substantial peace process that both Armenia and Azerbaijan can buy into, the violence is all too likely to re-occur.

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  • Eurasia Outlook July 30, 2014
    Georgia’s Drama of the Past

    The criminal charges against former Georgian president Mikheil Saakashvili guarantee more recriminations about the recent past rather than discussion of the country’s future.

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  • WBEZ January 22, 2014
    Sochi’s Security Threat

    The Sochi Olympics may actually be one of the safest places in Russia, but terrorists could still affect the Olympics by carrying out an attack elsewhere.

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  • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty January 13, 2014
    Armenia, the Eurasian Customs Union, and the Future

    There are still many questions about Armenia’s future in the Russia-led Eurasian Customs Union, as well as the future of the union itself.

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  • Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty October 24, 2013
    Georgia’s Presidential Elections

    Georgia elects a new president on October 27, a key moment in the country’s transition to a parliamentary republic.

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  • CNN April 27, 2013
    Boston Terror: Behind the Bombings

    The two suspected terrorists were influenced at least indirectly by the Chechen wars which devastated Chechnya. While this was traumatic for most, a small minority have become radicalized.

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  • PRI’s The World March 5, 2013
    Why Stalin Remains Popular in Parts of Former Soviet Union

    Stalin is a figure not just of the past, but of the present.

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  • BBC World News March 5, 2013
    Remembering Stalin

    The figure of Stalin still provokes many positive reactions in the former Soviet Union.

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  • Voice of America February 28, 2013
    Tensions Between Armenia and Azerbaijan

    The situation in the South Caucasus continues to be perilous as leaders of both Armenia and Azerbaijan find themselves increasingly boxed in by domestic political constraints.

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  • Worldview October 1, 2012
    Georgia’s Parliamentary Elections

    With the ruling party’s loss to the opposition Georgian Dream coalition, the country’s leading political parties must find a way to share power and enable a peaceful political transition.

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  • BBC World News June 5, 2012
    Smoldering Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Could Re-Erupt

    The unresolved Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan has the potential to flare up again as tensions mount on their interstate border.

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  • ABC Radio's Saturday Extra December 11, 2010
    The Caucasus: History Needn't Repeat

    While the nations of the Caucasus are heavily influenced by historical narratives of intractable ethnic conflicts, a more critical look at the region’s history reveals a number of surprising alliances and pragmatic resolutions.

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  • September 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    Trends in Armenia’s Politics

    Armenia has not been immune to the recent turmoil affecting the post-Soviet space and this summer saw the worst flare-up on the Line of Contact between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces since 1994.

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  • February 12, 2014 Washington, DC
    Georgia’s Conflicts: A New Approach to Reconciliation

    Despite an improvement in relations since 2012, Georgia and Russia remain at odds over the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and South Ossetia.

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  • January 24, 2014 Washington, DC
    Roundtable on Government Crisis in Turkey

    Upcoming elections will be a test of Prime Minister Erdoğan’s continued political strength, which has been shaken by a major corruption scandal, an increasingly vocal opposition, and mounting economic challenges.

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  • November 18, 2013 Washington, DC
    Turkey’s Energy Strategy: Weathering Uncertainties

    A regional conflict in Syria and a fast-expanding economy are pushing Turkey to embrace new energy strategies, focusing on new technologies and a realignment of partnerships.

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  • October 11, 2013 Washington, DC
    Looking Ahead in Azerbaijan

    Azerbaijan votes in a presidential election on October 9, and there is little doubt as to who the winner will be.

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  • June 20, 2013 Washington, DC
    Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War

    Ten years after its initial release, Black Garden remains the definitive account of war and peace between Armenia and Azerbaijan, and the conflict over Nagorny Karabakh.

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  • May 14, 2013 Washington, DC
    North Caucasus Under the Spotlight

    Since the Boston Marathon bombings, Russia’s relationship with its Muslim minorities has become the focus of intense scrutiny in the West.

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  • March 14, 2013 Washington, DC
    Governance and Democratic Reform in Georgia

    Following last October’s elections, Georgia is living through an unprecedented state of “cohabitation” between president and prime minister and a very lively parliament.

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  • March 1, 2013 Washington, DC
    The Stalin Puzzle

    Sixty years after his death on March 5, 1953, Joseph Stalin still commands worryingly high levels of admiration in the post-Soviet space.

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  • February 22, 2013 Washington, DC
    Georgia's Legal Reform Revisited: Agenda for Improvement

    Georgia’s new government has said that the rule of law is one of its top priorities.

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Source: http://carnegieendowment.org/experts/index.cfm?fa=expert_view&expert_id=479

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