Anders Aslund

Former Senior Associate
Russian and Eurasian Program


B.A., University of Stockholm; M.Sc., Stockholm School of Economics; Ph.D., Oxford University (St. Antony's College).


French; German; Polish; Russian; Swedish


This person is no longer with the Carnegie Endowment.

Anders Åslund directed the Russian and Eurasian Program. He joined the Carnegie Endowment as a senior associate in October 1994 and became director of the program in August 2003. He is also an adjunct professor at Georgetown University. He is examining the transformation of formerly socialist economies to market-based economies. While the central area of his studies is Russia, he also focuses on Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan and on the broader implications of the economic transition. He co-directed the Carnegie Moscow Center's project on Economies of the Post-Soviet States.


Dr. Åslund has served as an economic advisor to the governments of Russia and Ukraine. Since 1998, he has advised President Askar Akaev of the Kyrgyz Republic. He has been a professor at the Stockholm School of Economics and Director of the Stockholm Institute of East European Economics. He has worked as a Swedish diplomat in Kuwait, Poland, Geneva, and Moscow.

Dr. Åslund is a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences and an honorary professor of the Kyrgyz National University. He is chairman of the Economics Education and Research Consortium and chairman of the Advisory Council of the Center for Social and Economic Research (CASE), Warsaw. He is also a non-executive director of Vostok Nafta Ltd.

He has edited ten books and has been published widely, including in Foreign Affairs and Foreign Policy and in the New York Times, Washington Post, Financial Times, and Wall Street Journal.

Selected Publications: Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc (Cambridge University Press, 2001); How Russia Became a Market Economy (Brookings, 1995); Gorbachev's Struggle for Economic Reform, 2nd ed. (Cornell University Press, 1991); Private Enterprise in Eastern Europe: The Non-Agricultural Private Sector in Poland and the GDR, 1945-83 (Macmillan, 1985).

  • Washington March 1, 2006
    Revolution in Orange: The Origins of Ukraine's Democratic Breakthrough

    The dramatic series of protests and political events that unfolded in Ukraine in the fall of 2004—the “Orange Revolution”—were seminal both for Ukrainian history and the history of democratization. Revolution in Orange seeks to explain why and how this nationwide protest movement occurred.

  • New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2001 December 1, 2001
    Building Capitalism: The Transformation of the Former Soviet Bloc

    Released ten years after the fall of the Soviet Union, Building Capitalism, by world renowned economist Anders Åslund, provides the most comprehensive empirical analysis of the economic transformation of the countries comprising the former Soviet bloc during the past decade and challenges conventional wisdom.

  • New York, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000 November 2, 2000
    Economic Reform in Ukraine: The Unfinished Agenda

    With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991, Ukraine—the second-most important economic contributor to the union after Russia—unshackled itself from years of subjugation.

  • Washington January 1, 1999
    Getting It Wrong: Regional Cooperation and the Commonwealth of Independent States

    Written by three of the West's leading experts on the former Soviet Union, this book offers a comprehensive assessment of how and why the Commonwealth of Independent States has failed.

  • Washington January 1, 1999
    Russia After Communism

    This book features chapters written by pairs of leading Russian and American scholars, and provides an overall assessment of what has been accomplished and what has failed since the collapse of the Soviet Union.

  • December 30, 2008 Washington, D.C.
    Russia - Ukraine Gas Dispute: What Next?

    Russia has threatened to cut gas supplies to Ukraine on January 1st if a $2 billion gas debt is not resolved, and both countries stand to lose if they fail to reach a settlement in time. Carnegie experts in Washington and Moscow discuss the implications of the dispute for regional stability, European energy security, and Russia’s relations with the West.

  • March 13, 2006 Washington, D.C.
    What Does the Orange Revolution Tell Us About Ukraine's Future?

    Ukraine's revolution of fall and winter 2004 brought lasting social change to the country. However, the country must still manage the Russian relationship and overcome domestic obstacles to economic and political development.

  • Oleg Deripaska
    December 6, 2005
    Restructuring Soviet Enterprises: Challenges and Solutions

    Oleg Deripaska, Chairman of Basic Element, explained the modernization of GAZ, one of Russia's largest automobile factories.

  • Orange Revolution Panel
    November 22, 2005
    One Year After the Orange Revolution: An Assessment

    A panel of experts discussed the changes in Ukraine since the Orange Revolution and looked ahead to parliamentary elections next year.

  • November 10, 2005 Washington, D.C.
    How Much Russian Energy is Good for Europe?

    Global energy companies still want to go into Russia, even if the conditions are not what they had once hoped. Most countries don’t sell majority shares in big fields. So Russia is becoming a more normal energy-producing country.

  • November 2, 2005 Washington, D.C.
    Russian Foreign Policy: A New Stage of Development

    Russian foreign policy is now entering a fourth stage. The first three were associated with Foreign Minister Kozyrev, Foreign Minister Primakov, and Putin during his first term. In the first two stages Russia's foreign policy was reactive. In the third Russian foreign policy became more active. Now Putin faces a choice between realpolitik and post-World War II international security cooperation.

  • Yekhanurov
    November 1, 2005 Washington, D.C.
    The Economic Program of the New Ukrainian Government

    Yuriy Yekhanurov, Prime Minister of Ukraine, discussed his government's economic plans and Ukraine's integration into the EU, NATO, and the WTO.

  • Medvedev
    October 21, 2005 Washington, D.C.
    An Energy Vision to Link Our Nations

    Alexander Medvedev, Director General of Gazpromexport and Deputy Chairman of the Management Committee of Gazprom, discussed his company's future and the prospects for U.S.-Russia energy cooperation.

  • Robert Amsterdam
    October 6, 2005 Russia
    Russia and the Rule of Law

    A discussion with Robert Amsterdam, lawyer for Mikhail Khodorkovsky of YUKOS.

  • Michael McFaul
    September 21, 2005 Washington, D.C.
    Russia As the Chairman of the G-8

    On September 21, 2005, the Carnegie Endowment hosted a meeting titled "Russia as Chairman of the G-8." Anders Aslund, Director of the Carnegie Russian and Eurasian Program, Rose Gottemoeller, Carnegie Senior Associate, and Michael McFaul, Carnegie Senior Associate, gave presentations. Vice President for Studies George Perkovich moderated the discussion.


Areas of Expertise

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