Afghan security forces cannot stabilize the country amid political meltdown. To get to zero U.S. troops on the ground without Afghanistan unraveling, a different political approach is needed.
As the U.S. troop withdrawal approaches, Washington should consider how improving U.S.-Iranian relations can further its long-term goals in Afghanistan and the region.
Beijing is emerging as the big winner in Central Asia, displacing Washington and Moscow while ensuring that engagement with countries in the region takes place on its terms.
Central Asia is in a period of transition. Many tenets of Soviet infrastructure and culture have expired and rather than renew these precedents, the countries are emphasizing individual development.
Kuralai Baizakova was an associate in the al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia, and a professor of international relations and the head of the European and NATO Resource Centers at al-Farabi Kazakh National University in Almaty.
Kukeyeva was co-director of the al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia.
Muzaffar Olimov was an associate in the al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia, the director of the SHARQ (ORIENS) Research Center, and a senior scientist at the Tajik Academy of Sciences Institute of Language, Literature, and Oriental Studies.
Saodat Olimova was an associate in the al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia and head of the public opinion department at the SHARQ (ORIENS) Research Center in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.
Courtney Ranson was a consultant working for the al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia. Her research for the program focuses on issues related to climate change, environmental management, political developments, as well as media behavior and use in the region.
Established by al-Farabi Kazakh National University and the Carnegie Endowment in 2011, the Al-Farabi Carnegie Program on Central Asia aims to generate a deeper dialogue between policy institutes, business leaders, and governments in Kazakhstan and the Central Asian region and to engage international audiences on a wide range of issues.
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