Democracy and Rule of Law

In the spotlight

The Closing Space Challenge: How Are Funders Responding?

An examination of the ways Western public and private funders are responding to the increasing restrictions on support for civil society around the world.

The Complexities of Global Protests

The spike in global protests is becoming a major trend in international politics, but care is needed in ascertaining the precise nature and impact of the phenomenon.

The Deeper Struggle Over Country Ownership

The development community faces a struggle between the push to make country ownership a fundamental tenet of foreign aid, and movement toward viewing societies as the true partners of such assistance.

The Oil Curse: A Remedial Role for the Oil Industry

The political and economic dysfunction known as the “oil curse” is a complex, structural phenomenon, caused largely by poor management or investment of oil revenues by the governments of oil-producing countries.

The Puzzle of Non-Western Democracy

The nature of today’s global politics calls for democratic renewal—and this renewal must look beyond the standard practices of Western democracy.

Foreign Aid in the Pursuit of Short-term Goals

While Washington’s reliance on existing aid systems and structures is administratively and politically convenient, it reduces strategic effectiveness and undercuts long-term development efforts.

Improving Development Aid Design and Evaluation

Effective reform efforts require planning for and measuring change that is nonlinear and nonincremental. Complexity, or systems, theory offers insights for improving program design and evaluation.

The New Global Marketplace of Political Change

Western democratic powers are no longer the dominant external shapers of political transitions around the world.

Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security

Corruption is a cause—not a result—of global instability.

Governing Lagos: Unlocking the Politics of Reform

In fifteen years, Lagos has gone from being a symbol of urban disorder to a widely cited example of effective African governance.

Democracy Aid at 25: Time to Choose

Democracy aid has arrived not at a crisis, but at a crossroads, defined by two very different possible paths forward.

Corruption: The Unrecognized Threat to International Security

Acute government corruption impacts many of the West’s security priorities, but its effects are often overlooked.

Democracy and Human Rights Support Under Fire

After seeing its reach increase for decades, international support for democracy and human rights now faces a serious challenge.

Development Aid Confronts Politics: The Almost Revolution

The overdue recognition that development in all sectors is an inherently political process is driving international aid providers to try to learn how to think and act politically.


Rising Democracies Network

Carnegie Experts on Democracy and Rule of Law

  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, comparative democratization, and U.S. foreign policy relating to democracy and human rights.

  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

  • Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

  • Rachel Kleinfeld
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Kleinfeld is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program. She was the founding CEO of the Truman National Security Project.

  • Richard Youngs
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.


About the Program

The Carnegie Democracy and Rule of Law Program rigorously examines the global state of democracy and the rule of law and international efforts to support their advance.

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