Around the world, newly assertive illiberal regimes are becoming increasingly adept at restricting civil society through legal constraints, forcing civil society groups to rethink the way they operate.
Fighting religious extremism and ethnic rivalries requires addressing corruption.
Regional geopolitics is fueling authoritarianism within Turkey, and the latter in turn weakens Turkey’s democratic legitimacy among reformers across the Middle East.
There are growing calls for an EU policy that can confront the drivers of instability in the Middle East. But such a policy is unlikely to emerge anytime soon.
There is broad agreement that the EU needs to support local civil society organizations in the neighborhood. But what do Arab reformers themselves understand by democratic citizenship?
The selection of a coalition of labor union leaders, businesspeople, lawyers, and human rights activists for the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize raised attention and hopes for Tunisia’s transition process.
Tunisia’s political landscape since the Arab Spring has helped it to avoid some of the pitfalls that countries like Egypt have experienced in emerging from authoritarian rule.
Can today’s leaders draw on lessons from successful experiences of democratization in previous decades to overcome transitional traps and other failures of democracy?
Western democratic powers are no longer the dominant external shapers of political transitions around the world.
Without a stable political environment, democracy will not take root in the Middle East and North Africa. But thinking only about security is not a long-term solution either.