Dialogue in various formats—bilateral, trilateral, and multilateral—will not eliminate some fundamentally conflicting views and the misalignment of perceived national interests among China, Japan, and the United States, but it can help to reduce the risk and the cost of ill-advised defense investments.
Corruption is a destabilizing force in Tunisia, infecting all levels of its economy, security, and political system.
Russia’s annexation of Crimea and its invasion of eastern Ukraine unified NATO and prompted allies to beef up defenses. But the process of strengthening the alliance’s Eastern flank is far from over.
India needs to craft a more streamlined regulatory system and take other concrete steps to support growth in its domestic biotech sector.
Given the mammoth scale and extraordinary nature of the November 2016 demonetization in India, it is almost an obligation on the government’s part to reap a wider range of economic benefits from it.
China’s rise poses a strategic challenge to India on multiple fronts. The best way for New Delhi to respond is to pursue a deeper partnership with the United States.
Trump could either seek to enhance the United States’ position in the current international order or pursue U.S. interests defined in more narrow, neo-mercantile terms.
More than six years after the revolution that ousted former president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisia’s border regions remain hotbeds of social discontent and agitation.
The ethnic and sectarian power-sharing systems in Lebanon and Iraq are in crisis.
Opponents and skeptics fear that the dynamics surrounding a nuclear ban treaty will distract attention and effort from the nonproliferation regime that has helped prevent nuclear war since 1945, and that has prevented the proliferation of nuclear weapons to more states and to terrorist organizations.
The United States has important but not vital interests in the South Caucasus, which include preserving regional stability; preventing the resumption of frozen conflicts; and supporting democratic change and better governance as well as the international integration of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
To protect the integrity of the Afghan state, U.S. policy should aim to end the conflict in ways that mitigate the threats of terrorism, instability, and regional conflict.
The official Muslim religious establishments in Arab countries give governments a major role in religious life, but these institutions are rarely mere regime mouthpieces and can be difficult to steer in a particular direction.
Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) remains divisive, poorly understood, and plagued by internal divisions, as it is both recognized by the state and at the behest of nonstate leadership figures. Key challenges involving the PMF will shape Iraq’s political and security future.
With the decline of party politics in Egypt, social activism offers the greatest hope for pushing back against repression and restoring a degree of pluralism.
In many cases, Egypt’s secular parties have made things worse for themselves in an attempt to survive and improve their standing.
Southern Libya remains a region of endemic instability wracked by communal conflict, a shortage of basic services, rampant smuggling, and fragmented or collapsed institutions.
After 2011, the relationships between the central authorities in Syria, the local intermediaries, and the different localities have played a fundamental role in shaping the outbreak of the conflict.
The security interests of local actors in northeastern Syria and of other regional stakeholders are interwoven in ways that undermine sustainable, responsive governance.
There is no clear, internationally accepted definition of what activities or technologies constitute a nuclear weapons program. This lack of definition encumbers nuclear energy cooperation and complicates peaceful resolution of proliferation disputes.