Russia’s annexation of Crimea and its invasion of eastern Ukraine unified NATO and prompted allies to beef up defenses. But the process of strengthening the alliance’s Eastern flank is far from over.
International calls for bilateral engagement are actually counterproductive because they embolden Pakistan to persist in a fruitless strategy of coercion.
China’s rise poses a strategic challenge to India on multiple fronts. The best way for New Delhi to respond is to pursue a deeper partnership with the United States.
Trump could either seek to enhance the United States’ position in the current international order or pursue U.S. interests defined in more narrow, neo-mercantile terms.
More than six years after the revolution that ousted former president Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, Tunisia’s border regions remain hotbeds of social discontent and agitation.
The ethnic and sectarian power-sharing systems in Lebanon and Iraq are in crisis.
Faced with limited capacity and resources, governments need to develop a complementary, legitimate space for private sector active cyber defense.
Opponents and skeptics fear that the dynamics surrounding a nuclear ban treaty will distract attention and effort from the nonproliferation regime that has helped prevent nuclear war since 1945, and that has prevented the proliferation of nuclear weapons to more states and to terrorist organizations.
In some five dozen countries worldwide, corruption can no longer be understood as merely the iniquitous doings of individuals. Rather, it is the operating system of sophisticated networks that cross sectoral and national boundaries in their drive to maximize returns for their members.
The official Muslim religious establishments in Arab countries give governments a major role in religious life, but these institutions are rarely mere regime mouthpieces and can be difficult to steer in a particular direction.
Iraq’s Popular Mobilization Forces (PMF) remains divisive, poorly understood, and plagued by internal divisions, as it is both recognized by the state and at the behest of nonstate leadership figures. Key challenges involving the PMF will shape Iraq’s political and security future.
With the decline of party politics in Egypt, social activism offers the greatest hope for pushing back against repression and restoring a degree of pluralism.
In many cases, Egypt’s secular parties have made things worse for themselves in an attempt to survive and improve their standing.
Southern Libya remains a region of endemic instability wracked by communal conflict, a shortage of basic services, rampant smuggling, and fragmented or collapsed institutions.
There is no clear, internationally accepted definition of what activities or technologies constitute a nuclear weapons program. This lack of definition encumbers nuclear energy cooperation and complicates peaceful resolution of proliferation disputes.
Egypt’s new authoritarian regime is using undemocratic laws and conspiratorial and populist narratives to further entrench its repressive campaign.
Unmanned aerial vehicles, also known as UAVs or drones, have decentralized airspace access, allowing agriculturists, construction workers, and other civilian users to integrate aerial monitoring into their daily work.
Egypt’s economy is dependent on large private enterprises that have close ties with the Mubarak regime. After the 2011 uprising the economy suffered as the relationship between the state and the enterprises changed.
Syria’s conflict has forced tribal communities to turn inwards, and such localization has further undermined tribal solidarities.
If India is to become a major trading nation, it must adopt a positive trade policy agenda, adjust to global trade standards, and boost its manufacturing sector.