The Kremlin is relying on a highly adaptable toolkit to chip away at the liberal international order and to capitalize on the West’s inability to come up with a unified strategy to respond.
U.S.-Russia relations are unlikely to improve soon, yet they need to avoid future clashes. The years since the Cold War provide some lessons on how to do that.
Five years after he was detained, the authority of Azerbaijan’s best-known political prisoner is growing.
Although governments in the Middle East and Central Asia spend a great deal on the public sector by international standards, they are failing to secure inclusive growth. How can the public sector be modernized in order to trim costs and improve services?
The history of Russia and Chechnya is mainly one of conflict, starting at the end of the eighteenth century.
Georgia is the most pluralist and freest country amongst its neighbors. Yet, the post-1992 governing regimes have had both positive and negative impacts.
Tbilisi and Moscow are on the verge of finalizing a transit agreement they initially made in 2011. But political fears could still sink the deal, and its big economic benefits.
Europe’s commitment to the Eastern Partnership region has been cemented by Russian aggression. Yet, for internal reasons, the EU is trying to avoid the costs linked to the countries’ integration.
EU association deals with Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova have proven to be key drivers of reform in all three countries. The emphasis should now be on implementation, not simply legislative adoption.
A century after the October Revolution, the Bolshevik legacy is too close for the people of the South Caucasus to evaluate properly. No one wants to see that era return, but everyone comes from it.