North Africa

 
  • Article
    Tunisia’s Historic Step Toward Democracy
    Mohamed Kerrou April 17, 2014 عربي

    Four factors help explain how Tunisia was able to reach a landmark political compromise and put its democratic transition back on track.

     
  • Other Publications
    Aid to Egypt: Black Hole or Black Gold?
    Michele Dunne, Lina Khatib April 10, 2014 Weekly Wonk

    Continued repression threatens to lead Egypt into a dark tunnel of insurgency and instability. The United States must implement aid policies that make accountability to one’s citizens a key condition to receive U.S. aid.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Why Street Protests Don’t Work
    Moisés Naím April 7, 2014 Atlantic

    Behind street demonstrations there is rarely an organization capable of following up on protesters’ demands and undertaking the complex political work that produces real change in government.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Europe’s Neighborhood Policy is in Trouble, but Not Beyond Saving
    Jan Techau April 7, 2014 European Leadership Network

    The European Neighborhood Policy needs some serious technical and political reforms if the EU wants to turn its only tool for its neighborhood into a good one.

     
  • Op-Ed
    From Arab Spring to Presidential Spring
    Yezid Sayigh April 3, 2014 Al-Hayat عربي

    The “Presidential Spring” now underway in the Arab world reveals the enduring power of entrenched elite players and institutional actors and their ability to perpetuate self-serving—and mostly authoritarian—politics.

     
  • Testimony
    Congress Should Repeal Law Obstructing U.S. Assistance to Libya
    Frederic Wehrey April 3, 2014 House Oversight and Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security

    Washington’s ability to deliver effective and flexible support to Libya’s fragile post-revolution government is vital to the country’s future.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Egypt’s Judges Join In
    Nathan Brown, Michele Dunne April 2, 2014 Foreign Affairs

    The institutions of the Egyptian state that used to command respect because they were seen as being above the political fray—the judiciary as well as the army—now seem to be very willing participants in the repression of the Muslim Brotherhood.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Second Arab Awakening
    Marwan Muasher April 1, 2014 Washington Diplomat

    Only when Arab societies and their elected leaders truly embrace tolerance, diversity, the peaceful rotation of power, and inclusive economic growth will the promise of a new Arab world be realized.

     
  • Other Publications
    Egypt’s Constitutional Cul-De-Sac
    Nathan Brown March 31, 2014 Chr. Michelsen Institute Insight

    Egypt’s 2014 constitution failed to deliver on the promise of the 2011 uprising and has resulted in a political order in which important state institutions have insulated themselves from the political process, placing themselves in a supervisory position over the entire political system.

     
  • Article
    How a Leftist Labor Union Helped Force Tunisia’s Political Settlement
    Sarah Chayes March 27, 2014 video

    Without the muscular involvement of a powerful labor union, it is unlikely that Tunisia’s remarkable political settlement would have come about.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    The New Politics of Population
    Roderick Parkes April 18, 2014

    As the EU prepares to draft a new justice and home affairs program, leaders should listen to Eastern Europeans’ concerns about demographic trends and population shifts.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    The Devoted Guardians of Algeria’s Power

    Regardless of the outcome of Algeria’s upcoming election, power will not escape the strong grasp of the country’s military and its security branch.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    The EU and International Conflicts
    Richard Youngs April 15, 2014

    The EU is unveiling a number of new initiatives to improve its approach to peace building. But it still needs to do more to tackle the deep-rooted causes of conflict.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Moroccan Fighters in Syria
    Mohammed Masbah April 10, 2014 عربي

    The growing number of radicalized Moroccan fighters in Syria will complicate the resolution of the Salafi detainees issue in Morocco.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Algeria’s Role in African Security
    Benjamin Nickels April 3, 2014 عربي

    Algeria is often seen as averse to security cooperation, but it has been deeply involved in Africa’s security architecture for years.

     
  • Sada Discussion
    What Will a Sisi Presidency Bring for Egypt?
    Sada Debate April 3, 2014 عربي

    Field Marshal Abdel Fattah el-Sisi formally declared his intention to run for president of Egypt on March 26 and is widely expected to win. What is the outlook for Egypt under Sisi’s leadership?

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Egypt’s Wiretapping Scandal
    Mohammed Abdel Salam March 31, 2014 عربي

    Egypt’s reaction to the domestic wiretapping of activists and politicians does not bode well for the future of citizens’ rights and the rule of law.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Fueling Egypt’s Economy
    Max Reibman March 27, 2014 عربي

    The short-term woes of Egypt’s oil and gas industry will continue until underlying structural issues are addressed, regardless of changes in broader political instability.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Algeria’s Risky Exercise in Anachronism
    Isabelle Werenfels March 20, 2014 عربي

    Algeria’s political season exposes the deep divides within the country’s political class and power centers, and regardless of who wins the upcoming presidential elections, no significant reform measures can be expected.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    The Dangers of Alienating Egypt’s Youth
    Mostafa Hashem March 6, 2014 عربي

    If the interim Egyptian government continues to crack down on demonstrations and activists, marginalized youth may turn to more violent means of protest.

     

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Egypt in Focus

Carnegie Experts on North Africa

  • Anouar Boukhars
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an assistant professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.

  •  
  • Nathan Brown
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.

  •  
  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, rights, and governance and on comparative democratization as well as an expert on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

  •  
  • Michele Dunne
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

  •  
  • Ashraf El-Sherif
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    El-Sherif is a nonresident associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Oz Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Hassan is one of the United Kingdom’s foremost authorities on democracy promotion and democracy assistance programs and a leading scholar on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Lina Khatib
    Director
    Middle East Center

    Khatib is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Previously, she was the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Ahmed Morsy
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Morsy is a nonresident research associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

  •  
  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly. He was previously a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation.

  •  
  • Maha Yahya
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Yahya is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.

  •  

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