North Africa

 
  • Syria in Crisis
    Tunisia’s Elections Triumph Over Security Fears
    Lina Khatib October 31, 2014

    Despite the challenges faced, the 2014 parliamentary elections were a landmark in the history of Tunisia and a step in the right direction as the country embarks on its journey toward democratization.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Egypt’s 1984
    Sharif Abdel Kouddous October 28, 2014 عربي

    President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s steps to quash dissent exceed the Mubarak era’s in scope and intensity.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Tunisian Parliamentary Elections: Lessons for the Arab World

    Nearly four years into its transition, Tunisia has successfully navigated multiple political crises, produced a constitution, and staged successful parliamentary elections. The country exemplifies that democracy can be successful in the Arab world.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Tunisia’s Election: Ennahda vs. Nidaa Tounes
    Intissar Fakir October 23, 2014

    The upcoming Tunisian parliamentary elections have different implications for the two main parties contesting the vote. For Ennahda, the goal is to solidify its standing as Tunisia’s central political actor while for Nidaa Tounes, a win is necessary to remain politically viable.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Egypt’s Student Protests: The Beginning or the End of Youth Dissent?
    Michele Dunne, Katie Bentivoglio October 22, 2014

    As the Egyptian government’s crackdown on dissent broadened over the last year, university campuses have increasingly been in the crosshairs as one of the last remaining spaces for dissent.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    ISIS, a Game Changer for Algeria
    Jacques Roussellier October 21, 2014 عربي

    The rise of ISIS gives Algeria an opportunity to regain the regional influence it lost following its failure to play an effective role in the Mali conflict.

     
  • Sada Discussion
    What Lies Ahead for Algeria?
    Sada Debate October 16, 2014 عربي

    The ailing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s election to a fourth term may have been widely expected, but few have a sense of what exactly will come next. How are the political elite laying the groundwork for this transition?

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Taking Advantage of Morocco’s Security Threat
    Mohammed Masbah October 10, 2014 عربي

    Although Morocco is not immune to terrorism, the authorities’ exaggeration of the security threat does more to serve the Ministry of Interior than to fight terrorism.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Tunisia’s Uncertain Elections
    Sarah Mersch October 8, 2014 عربي

    Talk of Tunisia’s elections has focused on parties and individuals, not issues, leaving many citizens unsure for whom to vote.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    What Egypt Can and Cannot Do Against the Islamic State
    Michele Dunne September 22, 2014

    In the struggle against the Islamic State, Egypt needs sound political and economic policies that will quench the spread of violence and extremism within the country itself.

     
  • Event
    National Insecurity
    David Rothkopf, Joshua Bolten, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Brent Scowcroft October 30, 2014 Washington, DC

    From the Middle East to Eastern Europe, crises grip the globe. A growing group of rivals and dangerous non-state actors now pose an array of new threats to the international order.

     
  • Event
    The Islamic State and the Middle East’s Shifting Geopolitical Landscape
    Marwan Muasher, Jessica Tuchman Mathews, Michele Dunne, Karim Sadjadpour, Yezid Sayigh, Frederic Wehrey, Hayder al-Khoei, Joseph Bahout, Denise Natali, Hassan Hassan, Soli Özel, Hossein Mousavian, Joel Rayburn, Ray Takeyh, Tony Blinken October 29, 2014 Washington, DC

    Four panels of regional experts and practitioners will consider the political, security, and sectarian dynamics fueling the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, the inherent contradictions within the U.S.-led coalition, the impact of Iran on recent developments, and the challenges facing U.S. policymakers.

     
  • Event
    Libya’s Civil War
    Frederic Wehrey, Michele Dunne, Wolfram Lacher, Dirk Vandewalle, Faraj Najem September 24, 2014 Washington, DC

    Nearly three years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, Libya is in the throes of a bitter civil war. Its political and security institutions are split along complex fault lines that defy easy categorization.

     
  • Event
    Middle East in Turmoil: Can It Recover?
    Karim Sadjadpour, Thomas L. Friedman, David Ignatius September 12, 2014 Washington, DC

    Today’s Middle East is grappling with failed states, civil wars, brazen autocracies, and terror groups such as ISIS. Is this the region’s new normal, and is there a viable U.S. strategy to reverse these trends?

     
  • Event
    Launching Event for the Arab Integration Report
    Fouad Sanioura, Rima Khalaf, Ezzedine Al Asbahi, Mahmoud Azab, Jihad Azour, Inaam Bayoud, Sami Brahem, Abdallah Al Dardari, Hani Fahs, Taher Kenan, Yezid Sayigh, Mohammed Tayyeb Al-Tizini, Maha Yahya, Haifa Zangana June 17, 2014 Beirut

    Arab integration offers a real opportunity for critical political, economic, social, and cultural developments, but significant challenges stand in the way of comprehensive integration.

     
  • Event
    Citizenship and Social Justice: Exploring New Frontiers
    Jihad Azour, Ziad Bahaeddine, Moncef Cheikh-Rouhou, Abdallah Al-Dardari, Rabiha Diab, Abdel Karim Al-Eryani, Ridha Saidi, Maha Yahya June 12, 2014 Beirut

    Calls for dignity, freedom, and social justice in the Arab world have triggered fundamental questions about state–citizen relations and have dramatically transformed the landscape of civic activism.

     
  • Event
    Redefining Citizenship in the Arab World
    Maha Yahya, Katherine Wilkens June 4, 2014 Washington, DC

    The recent popular uprisings in the Arab world sought to dismantle authoritarian political regimes and address profound societal inequities. However, they also triggered fundamental questions about the relationship between citizens and the state, as well as the rights and obligations of citizenship.

     
  • Event
    Al-Qaeda Transformed: The Core, Its Affiliates, and Their Splinters

    This conference brought together leading scholars and practitioners from the United States, Europe, and the Arab world to examine the complex dynamics underway within al-Qaeda.

     
  • Event
    Roadmap to National Dialogue: What Can Syria Learn From Regional Experiences?
    Majid Almadhaji, Darine El Hage, Wesam Jalahej, Romy Nasr, Oussama Safa May 30, 2014 Beirut

    Across the Arab world, states are emerging scarred by conflicts and revolutions. These states are often in dire need of national reconciliation efforts.

     
  • Event
    The Local and Regional Dynamics of Arab Activism
    Marwan Muasher, Lina Khatib, Ellen Lust, Ahmed Benchemsi May 21, 2014 Washington, DC

    After the major uprisings of 2011 in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen, many assumed that the movements emerged spontaneously directed by tech-savvy, young revolutionaries. However, citizen activism in the Arab world was already adapting to changing internal political and social dynamics in the preceding years.

     

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Egypt in Focus

Carnegie Experts on North Africa

  • Anouar Boukhars
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an assistant professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.

  •  
  • Nathan Brown
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.

  •  
  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, rights, and governance and on comparative democratization as well as an expert on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

  •  
  • Michele Dunne
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

  •  
  • Ashraf El-Sherif
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    El-Sherif is a nonresident associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Oz Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Hassan is one of the United Kingdom’s foremost authorities on democracy promotion and democracy assistance programs and a leading scholar on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Lina Khatib
    Director
    Middle East Center

    Khatib is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Previously, she was the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Ahmed Morsy
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Morsy is a nonresident research associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

  •  
  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly. He was previously a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation.

  •  
  • Maha Yahya
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Yahya is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.

  •  

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