North Africa

 
  • Strategic Europe
    Egyptian Chimera
    Richard Youngs November 21, 2014

    In its relations with Egypt, the EU should focus on four major challenges: protection of civil society, parliamentary elections, economic engagement, and political Islam.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Seeking Wealth, Taking Power
    Samer Atallah November 18, 2014 عربي

    The Egyptian military’s economic interests are driving it to seek further political control.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Algeria’s Police Riots
    Abdallah Brahimi November 12, 2014 عربي

    The power struggle between the Algerian presidency and DRS prevents any fundamental reforms that could address the underlying demands of police protesters.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Ennahda’s Next Move
    Rory McCarthy November 4, 2014 عربي

    Ennahda’s failure to address Tunisia’s socio-economic challenges led to its electoral defeat, which may accelerate the movement’s split into a religious and political wing.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Nidaa Tounes and the Prospects of a Unity Government
    Sana Ajmi November 4, 2014 عربي

    Although a unity government between Nidaa Tounes and Ennahda would widen their internal divisions, for each party it is the best option.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Tunisia’s Elections Triumph Over Security Fears
    Lina Khatib October 31, 2014

    Despite the challenges faced, the 2014 parliamentary elections were a landmark in the history of Tunisia and a step in the right direction as the country embarks on its journey toward democratization.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Egypt’s 1984
    Sharif Abdel Kouddous October 28, 2014 عربي

    President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s steps to quash dissent exceed the Mubarak era’s in scope and intensity.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Tunisian Parliamentary Elections: Lessons for the Arab World

    Nearly four years into its transition, Tunisia has successfully navigated multiple political crises, produced a constitution, and staged successful parliamentary elections. The country exemplifies that democracy can be successful in the Arab world.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Tunisia’s Election: Ennahda vs. Nidaa Tounes
    Intissar Fakir October 23, 2014

    The upcoming Tunisian parliamentary elections have different implications for the two main parties contesting the vote. For Ennahda, the goal is to solidify its standing as Tunisia’s central political actor while for Nidaa Tounes, a win is necessary to remain politically viable.

     
  • Syria in Crisis
    Egypt’s Student Protests: The Beginning or the End of Youth Dissent?
    Michele Dunne, Katie Bentivoglio October 22, 2014

    As the Egyptian government’s crackdown on dissent broadened over the last year, university campuses have increasingly been in the crosshairs as one of the last remaining spaces for dissent.

     
  • Event
    National Insecurity
    David Rothkopf, Joshua Bolten, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Brent Scowcroft October 30, 2014 Washington, DC

    From the Middle East to Eastern Europe, crises grip the globe. A growing group of rivals and dangerous non-state actors now pose an array of new threats to the international order.

     
  • Event
    The Islamic State and the Middle East’s Shifting Geopolitical Landscape
    October 29, 2014 Washington, DC

    This all-day conference examined the local and regional roots of the growing violence, fragmentation, and instability gripping the Middle East today.

     
  • Event
    Libya’s Civil War
    Frederic Wehrey, Michele Dunne, Wolfram Lacher, Dirk Vandewalle, Faraj Najem September 24, 2014 Washington, DC

    Nearly three years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, Libya is in the throes of a bitter civil war. Its political and security institutions are split along complex fault lines that defy easy categorization.

     
  • Event
    Middle East in Turmoil: Can It Recover?
    Karim Sadjadpour, Thomas L. Friedman, David Ignatius September 12, 2014 Washington, DC

    Today’s Middle East is grappling with failed states, civil wars, brazen autocracies, and terror groups such as ISIS. Is this the region’s new normal, and is there a viable U.S. strategy to reverse these trends?

     
  • Event
    Launching Event for the Arab Integration Report
    Fouad Sanioura, Rima Khalaf, Ezzedine Al Asbahi, Mahmoud Azab, Jihad Azour, Inaam Bayoud, Sami Brahem, Abdallah Al Dardari, Hani Fahs, Taher Kenan, Yezid Sayigh, Mohammed Tayyeb Al-Tizini, Maha Yahya, Haifa Zangana June 17, 2014 Beirut

    Arab integration offers a real opportunity for critical political, economic, social, and cultural developments, but significant challenges stand in the way of comprehensive integration.

     
  • Event
    Citizenship and Social Justice: Exploring New Frontiers
    Jihad Azour, Ziad Bahaeddine, Moncef Cheikh-Rouhou, Abdallah Al-Dardari, Rabiha Diab, Abdel Karim Al-Eryani, Ridha Saidi, Maha Yahya June 12, 2014 Beirut

    Calls for dignity, freedom, and social justice in the Arab world have triggered fundamental questions about state–citizen relations and have dramatically transformed the landscape of civic activism.

     
  • Event
    Redefining Citizenship in the Arab World
    Maha Yahya, Katherine Wilkens June 4, 2014 Washington, DC

    The recent popular uprisings in the Arab world sought to dismantle authoritarian political regimes and address profound societal inequities. However, they also triggered fundamental questions about the relationship between citizens and the state, as well as the rights and obligations of citizenship.

     
  • Event
    Al-Qaeda Transformed: The Core, Its Affiliates, and Their Splinters

    This conference brought together leading scholars and practitioners from the United States, Europe, and the Arab world to examine the complex dynamics underway within al-Qaeda.

     
  • Event
    Roadmap to National Dialogue: What Can Syria Learn From Regional Experiences?
    Majid Almadhaji, Darine El Hage, Wesam Jalahej, Romy Nasr, Oussama Safa May 30, 2014 Beirut

    Across the Arab world, states are emerging scarred by conflicts and revolutions. These states are often in dire need of national reconciliation efforts.

     
  • Event
    The Local and Regional Dynamics of Arab Activism
    Marwan Muasher, Lina Khatib, Ellen Lust, Ahmed Benchemsi May 21, 2014 Washington, DC

    After the major uprisings of 2011 in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen, many assumed that the movements emerged spontaneously directed by tech-savvy, young revolutionaries. However, citizen activism in the Arab world was already adapting to changing internal political and social dynamics in the preceding years.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Egyptian Chimera
    Richard Youngs November 21, 2014

    In its relations with Egypt, the EU should focus on four major challenges: protection of civil society, parliamentary elections, economic engagement, and political Islam.

     
  • Paper
    The Future of Big Business in the New Egypt
    Amr Adly November 19, 2014 عربي

    Big business has been virtually excluded from recent stimulus plans designed to get Egypt’s wheels spinning after years in recession. However, long-term recovery and stabilization are quite dependent on the resumption of activities by large private enterprises, which still control key sectors of the economy.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Seeking Wealth, Taking Power
    Samer Atallah November 18, 2014 عربي

    The Egyptian military’s economic interests are driving it to seek further political control.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Algeria’s Police Riots
    Abdallah Brahimi November 12, 2014 عربي

    The power struggle between the Algerian presidency and DRS prevents any fundamental reforms that could address the underlying demands of police protesters.

     
  • Op-Ed
    India and the Middle East: Finding a New Balance
    C. Raja Mohan November 9, 2014 Indian Express

    While some might find India’s new approach to the Middle East somewhat disconcerting, the government of Narendra Modi is bringing pragmatism and transparency to India’s Middle East policy.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Ultimate Fatal Attraction: 5 Reasons People Join ISIS
    Maha Yahya November 7, 2014 National Interest عربي

    Five distinct trends—not including theology or technology—explain the fatal attraction to the Islamic State. Understanding these trends is vital for winning the war against extremist ideologies.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Egypt’s Sisi and the Insurgency
    Michele Dunne November 4, 2014 Al Jazeera

    The question is whether the scorched earth methods practiced by Sisi and his government are helping to build legitimacy among the Egyptian population, or if they will fuel radicalization and alienate large swaths of the public.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Ennahda’s Next Move
    Rory McCarthy November 4, 2014 عربي

    Ennahda’s failure to address Tunisia’s socio-economic challenges led to its electoral defeat, which may accelerate the movement’s split into a religious and political wing.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Nidaa Tounes and the Prospects of a Unity Government
    Sana Ajmi November 4, 2014 عربي

    Although a unity government between Nidaa Tounes and Ennahda would widen their internal divisions, for each party it is the best option.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Three Risks of U.S. Cooperation With Arab Allies Against Islamic State
    Michele Dunne, Frederic Wehrey November 4, 2014 Wall Street Journal

    Washington needs to collaborate with its Arab allies to address the imminent threat from Islamic State. But it needs to do so while actively discouraging repression and pressing for policies in Arab states that meet the demands of the young generation that started the Arab Spring.

     

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Egypt in Focus

Carnegie Experts on North Africa

  • Joseph Bahout
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Joseph Bahout is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. His research focuses on political developments in Lebanon and Syria, regional spillover from the Syrian crisis, and identity politics across the region.

  •  
  • Anouar Boukhars
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an assistant professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.

  •  
  • Nathan Brown
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.

  •  
  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, rights, and governance and on comparative democratization as well as an expert on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

  •  
  • Michele Dunne
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

  •  
  • Ashraf El-Sherif
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    El-Sherif is a nonresident associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Oz Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Hassan is one of the United Kingdom’s foremost authorities on democracy promotion and democracy assistance programs and a leading scholar on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Lina Khatib
    Director
    Middle East Center

    Khatib is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Previously, she was the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

  •  
  • Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program

    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.

  •  
  • Ahmed Morsy
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Morsy is a nonresident research associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

  •  
  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly. He was previously a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation.

  •  
  • Maha Yahya
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Yahya is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.

  •  

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