Eastern Europe

 
  • Strategic Europe
    Bye-Bye, Abkhazia, Crimea, South Ossetia!
    Judy Dempsey March 30, 2015

    European governments are powerless to prevent the erosion of the security architecture set out in the 1975 Helsinki Final Act.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Why the St. Petersburg Summit of the Kremlin’s Friends Failed

    Putin and his policy attract sympathizers in Europe from both far left and far right. However, Russian ideologists have such a poor idea of who supports them overseas that they failed to assemble and present a convincing contingent of supporters, only embarrassing themselves in the end.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Remember Crimea? A Year Later
    Gwendolyn Sasse March 27, 2015

    The first anniversary of Crimea’s annexation is an occasion to refocus on Ukraine’s central challenge: the need to implement domestic reforms and limit Russian leverage.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Letter From Vilnius
    Vykintas Pugačiauskas March 27, 2015

    Lithuania puts more emphasis on upholding European values than some countries at the heart of the EU. This is not just idealism, it is a matter of hardheaded interests.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Ukraine: The Kingdom of the Oligarchs
    Balázs Jarábik March 25, 2015

    Prospects for Ukraine’s long-term success and cohesion will be determined by its ability to pursue far-reaching reforms to modernize the state and to check the power of the oligarchs.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    The Slow Erosion of Gazprom’s Grip Over Europe
    Judy Dempsey March 23, 2015

    It is the European Commission’s competition arm, not European leaders, that is behind Gazprom’s waning hold on Europe’s energy sector.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Long Live Minsk II?
    Balázs Jarábik March 20, 2015

    The Minsk agreements are fragile.How effectively they are implemented will depend primarily on the Europeans’ ability to convince Moscow to pressure separatists into observing the ceasefire, and on Kyiv’s ability to keep nationalist militias in line. If either side fails to do so, the fighting is likely to resume.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Imitating Chavez: A Year of Nationalization in Crimea
    Andrey Sambros March 19, 2015 Русский

    Although it began with state-owned assets, the nationalization project in Crimea quickly consumed Ukrainian and Russian private property. One year on, every significant Crimean enterprise is in the hands of local authorities, and there is little hope for privatization.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    The European Endowment for Democracy Goes Russian
    Judy Dempsey March 16, 2015

    The Kremlin’s clampdown on the media and sophisticated propaganda machine are giving the European Endowment for Democracy a new sense of focus.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Who Benefits From Ending Russian-Ukrainian Cooperation in the Space and Defense Sectors?
    Vladimir Dvorkin March 16, 2015

    The Russian government’s decision to end cooperation with Ukraine on two space launch programs is likely due to political motivations alone and goes against the economic and technological interests of Russia, Ukraine, and many other countries. This decision is worth reconsidering.

     
  • Event
    Oil-Climate Index Release
    William Burns, Deborah Gordon, Jonathan Koomey, Adam Brandt, Joule Bergerson, Rob Barnett, David Livingston March 11, 2015 Washington, DC

    Oil is changing. The oils themselves, how they are extracted and processed, and the products into which they are made are shifting in substantial ways.

     
  • Event
    Maidan Film Screening
    Max Seddon, Philip Shishkin February 25, 2015 Washington, DC

    Maidan is a 2014 documentary from the acclaimed Ukrainian director Sergei Loznitsa. From a protest to a movement to a full-scale revolution, the film chronicles the events that took place on Independence Square in Kyiv last winter.

     
  • Event
    Conflict in Ukraine
    Rajan Menon, Eugene Rumer, David Hoffman February 20, 2015 Washington, DC

    The current conflict in Ukraine has spawned the most serious crisis between Russia and the West since the end of the Cold War.

     
  • Event
    Debate: Should the West Arm Ukraine?
    Steven Pifer, Eugene Rumer, Jeremy Shapiro, David Greene, John E. Herbst February 19, 2015 Washington, DC

    Western capitals have a broad commitment to support Ukraine’s government, but the form this support should take has been much debated.

     
  • Event
    Understanding Hungary’s Political Path
    Stefánia Kapronczay, Péter Krekó, Andrej Nosko, Thomas Carothers November 19, 2014 Washington, DC

    Hungary offers an important example of the problems that an apparently consolidated democracy can encounter. It also poses a test for the European Union and the United States on how to respond when democracy comes under stress in an EU member state.

     
  • Event
    Rising Democracies Network Meets in Brazil
    Thomas Carothers, Richard Youngs November 5, 2014 São Paulo, Brazil

    Carnegie’s Rising Democracies Network met in Brazil to engage with local and regional actors and exchange ideas for cooperation toward international democracy and human rights support.

     
  • Event
    National Insecurity
    David Rothkopf, Joshua Bolten, Zbigniew Brzezinski, Brent Scowcroft October 30, 2014 Washington, DC

    From the Middle East to Eastern Europe, crises grip the globe. A growing group of rivals and dangerous non-state actors now pose an array of new threats to the international order.

     
  • Event
    Exploring the Prospects for Russian-Turkish Cooperation
    Dmitri Trenin, Memduh Karakullukçu, Nigar Ağaoğulları, Ümit Pamir, Alexey Malashenko, Evgeny Buzhinsky, Irina Zvyagelskaya, Pavel Shlykov October 16, 2014 Moscow

    Russia and Turkey share many important interests, providing them with opportunities for valuable collaboration and cooperation in their common neighborhood, which stretches from the South Caucasus and the Levant to Central Asia and Afghanistan.

     
  • Event
    The End of Convergence?
    Uri Dadush, Vikram Nehru, Carl Dahlman October 15, 2014 Washington, DC

    Convergence, the narrowing of the income gap between poor and rich countries, is one of the great stories of our time. A recent report shows that convergence has slowed in recent years, and that productivity in developing countries is not rising rapidly enough in key sectors.

     
  • Event
    TTIP and Third Countries: Multilateralization or Balkanization?
    Uri Dadush, Sinan Ülgen, Miriam Sapiro, Martin Raiser October 7, 2014 Washington, DC

    The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership initiative is a grand plan for revitalizing economic growth and enhancing international competitiveness. While Brussels and Washington work to reach a deal, large numbers of interested third countries—even major EU and U.S. trade partners—are left out.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Bye-Bye, Abkhazia, Crimea, South Ossetia!
    Judy Dempsey March 30, 2015

    European governments are powerless to prevent the erosion of the security architecture set out in the 1975 Helsinki Final Act.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Why the St. Petersburg Summit of the Kremlin’s Friends Failed

    Putin and his policy attract sympathizers in Europe from both far left and far right. However, Russian ideologists have such a poor idea of who supports them overseas that they failed to assemble and present a convincing contingent of supporters, only embarrassing themselves in the end.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Remember Crimea? A Year Later
    Gwendolyn Sasse March 27, 2015

    The first anniversary of Crimea’s annexation is an occasion to refocus on Ukraine’s central challenge: the need to implement domestic reforms and limit Russian leverage.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    Letter From Vilnius
    Vykintas Pugačiauskas March 27, 2015

    Lithuania puts more emphasis on upholding European values than some countries at the heart of the EU. This is not just idealism, it is a matter of hardheaded interests.

     
  • Article
    German Power and the Ukraine Conflict
    Ulrich Speck March 26, 2015

    The Ukraine crisis has revealed both the strengths of German foreign policy—diplomatic skill and economic power—and its weakness—a lack of military muscle.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Ukraine: The Kingdom of the Oligarchs
    Balázs Jarábik March 25, 2015

    Prospects for Ukraine’s long-term success and cohesion will be determined by its ability to pursue far-reaching reforms to modernize the state and to check the power of the oligarchs.

     
  • Op-Ed
    A Blast From the Past
    Andrei Kolesnikov March 23, 2015 The New Times Русский

    Putin stated that the Russian leadership was ready to use nuclear forces in the days of the Crimean annexation, bringing back the old threat of nuclear war.

     
  • Strategic Europe
    The Slow Erosion of Gazprom’s Grip Over Europe
    Judy Dempsey March 23, 2015

    It is the European Commission’s competition arm, not European leaders, that is behind Gazprom’s waning hold on Europe’s energy sector.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Long Live Minsk II?
    Balázs Jarábik March 20, 2015

    The Minsk agreements are fragile.How effectively they are implemented will depend primarily on the Europeans’ ability to convince Moscow to pressure separatists into observing the ceasefire, and on Kyiv’s ability to keep nationalist militias in line. If either side fails to do so, the fighting is likely to resume.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Imitating Chavez: A Year of Nationalization in Crimea
    Andrey Sambros March 19, 2015 Русский

    Although it began with state-owned assets, the nationalization project in Crimea quickly consumed Ukrainian and Russian private property. One year on, every significant Crimean enterprise is in the hands of local authorities, and there is little hope for privatization.

     

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Carnegie Experts on Eastern Europe

  • Cornelius Adebahr
    Associate
    Europe Program

    Adebahr is an associate in the Europe Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC. His research focuses on European foreign policy.

  •  
  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, comparative democratization, and U.S. foreign policy relating to democracy and human rights.

  •  
  • James Collins
    Senior Associate, Russia and Eurasia Program;
    Diplomat in Residence

    Ambassador Collins was the U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation from 1997 to 2001 and is an expert on the former Soviet Union, its successor states, and the Middle East.

  •  
  • Thomas de Waal
    Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.

  •  
  • Judy Dempsey
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Carnegie Europe
    Editor in chief
    Strategic Europe

    Dempsey is a nonresident senior associate at Carnegie Europe and editor in chief of Strategic Europe.

  •  
  • Balázs Jarábik
    Visiting Scholar
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    Jarábik is a visiting scholar focusing on Ukraine and Eastern Europe.

  •  
  • Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.

  •  
  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  •  
  • Carole Nakhle
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Nakhle is a nonresident scholar at Carnegie Middle East Center, specializing in international petroleum contracts and fiscal regimes for the oil and gas industry, world oil and gas market developments, energy policy, and oil and gas revenue management.

  •  
  • Eugene Rumer
    Director and Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    Rumer, a former national intelligence officer for Russia and Eurasia at the U.S. National Intelligence Council, is a senior associate and the director of Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program.

  •  
  • Maxim Samorukov
    Deputy Editor of Carnegie.ru
    Moscow Center

    Samorukov is deputy editor of Carnegie.ru.

  •  
  • Gwendolyn Sasse
    Nonresident Associate
    Carnegie Europe

    Sasse is a nonresident associate at Carnegie Europe. Her research focuses on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, EU enlargement, and comparative democratization.

  •  
  • Paul Schulte
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Nuclear Policy Program and Carnegie Europe

    Schulte is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Nuclear Policy Program and at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on the future of deterrence, nuclear strategy, nuclear nonproliferation, cybersecurity, and their political implications.

  •  
  • Ulrich Speck
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Speck is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the European Union’s foreign policy and Europe’s strategic role in a changing global environment.

  •  
  • Jan Techau
    Director
    Carnegie Europe

    Techau is the director of Carnegie Europe, the European center of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Techau works on EU integration and foreign policy, transatlantic affairs, and German foreign and security policy.

  •  
  • Dmitri Trenin
    Director
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

  •  
  • Sinan Ülgen
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the implications of Turkish foreign policy for Europe and the United States, nuclear policy, and the security and economic aspects of transatlantic relations.

  •  
  • Andrew S. Weiss
    Vice President for Studies

    Weiss is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment, where he oversees research in Washington and Moscow on Russia and Eurasia.

  •  

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