• Eurasia Outlook
    What Did Minsk II Actually Achieve?
    Balázs Jarábik February 13, 2015 Русский

    The Minsk agreements lay the political groundwork for peace in Ukraine. Still, several important questions remain. Moreover, the agreements are likely to be too little too late for the warring parties: they may not settle for anything less than what they consider victory.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Looking Back on 2014
    Alexei Arbatov, Mikhail Krutikhin, Alexey Malashenko December 30, 2014

    Eurasia Outlook asked its experts to reflect on the dramatic events of 2014 and to share their predictions for Russia's future and for its role on the global stage going forward.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Belarus and Kazakhstan: Ukraine Is Not Our Enemy
    Alexey Malashenko December 26, 2014

    The Ukraine crisis has had an increasingly negative effect on Russia’s relations with Belarus and Kazakhstan, its closest allies and partners in the Customs Union and Eurasian Union.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Europe and Belarus in Changing Times
    Richard Youngs September 18, 2014

    This summer’s crisis in eastern Ukraine has made the European Union and Belarus keen to develop a more constructive relationship with each other.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    Minsk Freeze: Can Ukraine Handle a Compromise?
    Balázs Jarábik August 25, 2014

    In the short term, Belarus benefits from the Ukrainian crisis and the stand-off between the West and Russia. However, the worry in Minsk is that Ukraine may yet collapse, dragging Russia along with it.

  • Strategic Europe
    Shadow Play in Belarus
    Yekaterina Glod, Richard Youngs June 6, 2014

    EU-Belarus relations have been frozen for years. A debate is now taking shape on whether the new geostrategic context across Europe’s East might unblock this atrophy.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    The Problems for the Eurasian Economic Union Are Just Starting
    Alexey Malashenko June 5, 2014

    Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia signed a treaty on the creation of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) on May 29. While Russia mainly hopes to increase its political clout, all three presidents realize how many difficulties they will have to overcome.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    The “Besieged Fortress” Virus
    Lilia Shevtsova April 8, 2014

    After the Russian annexation of Crimea, the Belarusian President Lukashenko starts creating a “besieged fortress” and mobilizing the Belarusians to defend their country from potential Russian aggression. Moreover, Kazakhstan’s President Nazarbayev may follow Lukashenko’s example. It is clear that the future Eurasian Union cannot be strong.

  • Strategic Europe
    Getting EU-Russia Relations Back on Track
    Dmitri Trenin January 17, 2014

    The notion of progressively closer ties between Russia and the EU is no longer viable. Brussels urgently needs to develop a new set of objectives and strategies toward Moscow.

  • Eurasia Outlook
    No to Europe, But No Customs Union Either?
    Thomas de Waal December 4, 2013

    As the focus is all on Putin's effort to reshape his neighborhood this week, a Kazakh and a Belarusian silence is an awkward reminder that the Eurasian Union was supposed to be a collaborative project and that the more Putin grabs the headlines, the less that is the case.

  • TV/Radio Broadcast
    Europe Closes the Door on Belarus
    Matthew Rojansky February 29, 2012 Voice of Russia

    With the latest round of sanctions and the decision to recall ambassadors from Minsk, the European Union has effectively closed the door on Belarus.

  • Event
    Update From Belarus
    Balázs Jaráblik, Matthew Rojansky, Yury Chavusau, Janna Grinyuk, Yury Zisser April 12, 2013 Washington, DC

    Despite limited international engagement with Belarus, the situation in the country continues to evolve.

  • Event
    Europe’s Eastern Neighborhood and the Future of the Eastern Partnership
    Romano Prodi, Matthew Rojansky March 14, 2013 Washington, DC

    In November, the EU will convene a landmark summit of the Eastern Partnership, bringing together European heads of state with leaders of the six former Soviet Eastern Partnership countries.

  • Event
    Supporting Democracy in Georgia and Ukraine: Time for a Rethink?
    Thomas de Waal, Thomas Carothers, Laura Jewett, Bruce Jackson, Richard Youngs December 18, 2012 Washington, D.C.

    Recent events in the post-Soviet European neighborhood have again put the spotlight on struggling efforts for democratization in the region.

  • Event
    Roundtable Discussion with Dr. Henry A. Kissinger
    James Collins, Henry Kissinger June 25, 2012 Kyiv, Ukraine

    Carnegie's Ukraine Program hosted a private discussion on global trends and opportunities with Dr. Henry A. Kissinger.

  • Event
    Belarus: Stable Instability?
    Matthew Rojansky, Balázs Jarábik, Tatiana Kouzina, Sergej Satsuk, Olga Stuzhinskaya, Rodger Potocki June 18, 2012 Washington, D.C.

    One year ago, the Belarus policy community lost one of its brightest stars, Vitali Silitski, director of the Belarusian Institute for Strategic Studies (BISS). To honor his memory, Carnegie hosted a discussion of the current situation in Belarus.

  • Event
    Transforming Belarus: Ways Ahead
    Stefan Füle, Pavel Daneyko, Arkady Moshes, Aliaksei Pikulik, Olga Shumylo-Tapiola, Jan Techau December 7, 2011 Brussels

    With independent polls indicating that Belarusians neither favor the current government’s course nor see any alternative in the opposition, the status quo must change in favor of the citizens.

  • Event
    20 Years of Belarus's Independence: Current Challenges and Future Development
    Balázs Jarábik, Daniel Krutzinna, Oleg Manaev, Valeria Klitsounova, Matthew Rojansky, Baxter Hunt, Mitchell Orenstein, Alexei Pikulik October 26, 2011 Washington, D.C.

    Twenty years after its independence from the Soviet Union, Belarus faces increasing isolation, possible economic collapse, and the brutal regime of Alexander Lukashenka.

  • Event
    Belarus: Back to Isolation?
    Alexei Pikulik, Rodger Potocki, Lawrence Silverman, Matthew Rojansky March 17, 2011 Washington, D.C.

    The recent presidential election in Belarus, followed by a crackdown on the opposition by President Aleksandr Lukashenka’s government, has strained relations between Minsk and the West.

  • Event
    The Ideal President: Election in Belarus
    Natalia Leshchenko, Sam Greene November 30, 2010 Moscow

    The ideal president and national leader for Belarus would be someone who appeals to the country’s national archetypes and can help form a national identity for Belarusians.

  • Event
    Russia and Its Neighbors
    James Collins, Robert Legvold February 24, 2009 Washington, D.C.

    The United States must recognize that former Soviet states are and will continue to be an important focus of Russia’s foreign policy, and should take a broader regional view to its relationships with countries in Russia's sphere of influence.


Carnegie Experts on Belarus

  • James Collins
    Senior Associate, Russia and Eurasia Program;
    Diplomat in Residence

    Ambassador Collins was the U.S. ambassador to the Russian Federation from 1997 to 2001 and is an expert on the former Soviet Union, its successor states, and the Middle East.

  • Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.

  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  • Gwendolyn Sasse
    Nonresident Associate
    Carnegie Europe

    Sasse is a nonresident associate at Carnegie Europe. Her research focuses on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, EU enlargement, and comparative democratization.

  • Dmitri Trenin
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.


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