Syria

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    • Article

    Addressing Deficits in MENA: The Need for Fuel Subsidy Reforms

    With budget deficits on the rise, the Middle East and North Africa’s oil importing countries must reform their fuel subsidy programs, which benefit the rich more than the poor and waste fiscal resources.

    • Article

    MENA Needs a More Dynamic Private Sector

    • Ritva Reinikka
    • June 29, 2010

    The private sector has become the main driver of growth in the Middle East and North Africa, but more consistent and equitable regulations are needed to transform the region into a diversified, high-performance economy.

    • Q&A

    The IAEA's Agenda

    The ongoing IAEA investigations in Iran and Syria and Israel’s nuclear capability are among the top issues on the agenda for the June IAEA Board of Governors meeting.

    • Policy Outlook

    Uncovering Syria's Covert Reactor

    • Gregory L. Schulte
    • January 05, 2010

    The current stalemate of the IAEA's investigation of undeclared nuclear activities in Syria is the responsibility of the Syrian government, which buried the remains of its covert nuclear reactor in 2008 and now seeks to bury the IAEA investigation.

    • Event

    Deterring Safeguards Violations

    By classifying safeguards non-compliance as violations of the Non-Proliferation Treaty, the upcoming Review Conference will make it much harder to ignore future violations.

    • Book

    Getting to Pluralism: Political Actors in the Arab World

    This volume examines the Arab world’s major political actors, assesses the weaknesses of secular parties, and evaluates how incumbent regimes have maintained their grip on power in spite of reform-oriented claims.

    • Article

    Drivers of U.S. Syrian Relations Under the Obama Administration

    • Yassin Al-Haj Saleh
    • June 17, 2009

    Syria is the common denominator linking the toughest challenges for the United States: reining in Iran’s nuclear ambitions and solving the Arab–Israeli conflict. Syria’s support for Hizbollah and Hamas and its ties to Tehran give Damascus significant regional influence—and the only thing that would moderate Syrian positions is a full Israeli withdrawal from the Golan Heights.

    • Sada - Analysis

    The Nexus of Economy, Diplomacy, and Reform in Syria

    Greater U.S. openness to Syria has brought forth surprising candor from Syrian officials on the state of the economy, the need for reforms, and the effect of U.S. sanctions.

    • Op-Ed

    A Tale of Two Expectations

    Major upcoming elections in Iran, Lebanon, Iraq and, perhaps, Palestine, could alter the balances of power in these countries. Because each is at the heart of various arenas of conflict in the Middle East, 2009 could witness a series of political jolts in region.

    • Paper

    European Conflict Management in the Middle East: Toward a More Effective Approach

    For the EU to be an effective player in the Middle East, it should seek an efficient division of labor with the United States and pursue greater political engagement in the Palestinian territories, Syria, and Lebanon.

Carnegie Experts on
Syria

  • expert thumbnail - Al Rachid
    Loulouwa Al Rachid
    Co-Director
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Loulouwa Al Rachid is a co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Bahout
    Joseph Bahout
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Joseph Bahout is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. His research focuses on political developments in Lebanon and Syria, regional spillover from the Syrian crisis, and identity politics across the region.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where she researches stabilization, state building, democratization, decentralization, drivers of conflict, and local governance in fragile states.
  • expert thumbnail - Cammack
    Perry Cammack
    Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Perry Cammack is a fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Senior Visiting Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a senior visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she is focused on writing a book about the impact of the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia on the wider region since 1979.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
    Kheder Khaddour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
  • expert thumbnail - Lefèvre
    Raphaël Lefèvre
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Raphaël Lefèvre is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Sunni Islamist movements in Lebanon.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of post-conflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.

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