Iran’s influence in the Middle East is threatened by domestic divisions between Ayatollah Khamenei and President Ahmadinejad as well as the continuing upheaval in Syria, which could undermine Tehran’s principal ally in the region.
With recent popular protests causing a notable decline in Syria’s economic indicators, the country is facing critical socioeconomic challenges which could lead to the end of the Assad regime.
The existing nuclear order faces unprecedented changes. In navigating this changing landscape, the International Atomic Energy Agency faces three principal challenges.
Since coming to power in 1970, the Syrian regime has had an uneasy relationship with the Palestinians. While Syrian presidents have consistently claimed to champion the Palestinian cause, but in practice relations have often fluctuated.
A regime to verify the abolition of nuclear weapons requires three distinct components: the verification that declared civilian nuclear materials are not weaponized, the dismantlement of declared warheads, and the absence of undeclared nuclear warheads.
As demonstrations continue in Syria, the Assad regime has two options: either it will accept a new deal based on serious political reform or inclusion, or the country will drift toward civil war.
Six years after the assassination of Prime Minister Rafik Hariri and four years after UN Security Council resolution 1757 established the special tribunal for Lebanon, the first indictments of the tribunal have been issued, naming four individuals from Hizbullah.
Six months after the outbreak of protest in Tunisia, the Arab world has already been transformed. If Egypt succeeds in building a stable and open democracy, its example will have a significant impact on the rest of the region.
The international community can take a stand against Syria’s use of violence against its citizens by directing the International Criminal Court in The Hague to investigate whether Syrian president Bashar al-Assad is guilty of crimes against humanity.
The empowerment of the Arab public, coupled with the realization that change is possible through peaceful means, is a combination powerful enough to fundamentally change the whole region’s dynamic, even if that change does not happen quickly or smoothly.