The recent public protests in Moscow differ from those in December and March because so far, they seem centered in Moscow, while the previous protests were widespread throughout the country.
A no-fly zone in Syria could risk formalizing the fragmentation and divisions in the country.
As Obama and Putin prepare to meet at the G-20 summit in Mexico, the Syrian crisis is at the top of the U.S.-Russia agenda.
In case of unobstructed civil war in Syria, the division between Russian and U.S. policies toward Syria will most probably deepen, and the choices of these two countries will have serious international implications, including stronger Russia-China cooperation to counter U.S. foreign policies.
As the civilian death toll continues to mount in Syria, Russia finds itself stuck between a rock and a hard place.
All signs point to the crisis in Syria continuing, despite the increasing violence, as the international community is unable to formulate a unified approach.
The best hope for reconciliation and democracy promotion in the Arab world comes from a focus on economic reform and other concrete issues.
While Lebanon is not currently headed toward a widespread collapse, regional players and the international community must recognize the danger of using Lebanon as a proxy battle for another Arab country.
The Syrian opposition will fail to bring about change unless it develops a clear transition plan and a credible political strategy for winning over key sectors in Syria.
The opposition must navigate rifts caused by class divisions and political divisions between those in exile and those in Syria if they hope to tip the balance against a determined and resilient regime.