Syria

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    • Op-Ed

    Israeli Attacks on Lebanese Civilians Hurt U.S. Standing in Region

    Even though many Lebanese people and several Arab governments criticized Hezbollah for instigating the crisis with Israel, the Israeli air attacks -- including the killing of many civilians -- have now quieted the criticism, and in fact have worsened the already poor standing of the United States in the Arab world.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    A New Map of the Middle East

    Given the last two weeks in the Middle East — client entities like Hizbollah provoking a conflict, the Saudis and Egyptians speaking without power from the sidelines, Western uncertainty about the role of Syria and Iran — is it possible to draw a new map of the Middle East?

    • Article

    Crisis in the Middle East

    This is a dangerous moment for the Middle East, because the conflicts in Gaza and Lebanon could easily escalate to involve the broader region. Any strategy to address the present crisis must deal with the realities of the Middle East as they are now, not try to leapfrog over them by seeking to impose a grand new vision. Such a vision would be bound to fail as it did in the case of Iraq.

    • Op-Ed

    Needed: American Diplomacy, Help Wanted

    Over the last few decades most, if not all, Arab-Israeli crises have occurred when the United States has been either unable or unwilling to play an aggressive role as a mediator; and most have only abated after the United States has finally thrown itself into the middle of them.

    • Paper

    Reform in Syria: Steering between the Chinese Model and Regime Change

    • Ellen Lust-Okar
    • July 17, 2006
    • Carnegie Endowment

    The regime of Bashar al-Asad is under pressure from Syrian citizens who want a different political system and from the United States, which wants Syria to change its regional policy. As a result, it is impossible to separate completely a domestic process of political reform from the external pressures.

    • Op-Ed

    Arab Security Services and the Crisis in Democratic Change

    The lack of democratic breakthroughs worthy of mention in Arab countries has spurred debate about barriers to change. The debate would be incomplete, however, without a discussion of the means by which authoritarian Arab regimes control their societies, particularly the critical roles performed by security services.

    • Event

    The Syrian Challenge

    Political reform in Syria is influenced not only by domestic forces but also by regional developments and the policies of Western countries, particularly the United States. At present, those policies are not helping the cause of political reform.

    • Policy Outlook

    Lebanon’s New Political Moment

    The assassination of Lebanese Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri has forced the Lebanese to confront one another on the question of Syria’s role in the Lebanese political system and has pitted pro-Syria politicians with vested interests in the status quo against an increasingly vocal opposition movement backed by popular demonstrations.

    • Op-Ed

    The Future of Bush Administration Strategy

    • Anatol Lieven
    • January 12, 2005
    • Caijing Financial Magazine (Beijing)

    US representatives have given the Iranian government little reason to give up its weapons program. At the same time, administration rhetoric seems to be boxing the US into a position where Washington may feel that it has no choice but to bomb Iran’s nuclear sites itself, or allow Israel to do so. This could easily lead to a spiral or retaliation leading eventually to full-scale conflict.

    • Op-Ed

    A Zombie at Large in the Middle East

    Current US strategy in the "war on terrorism" is a kind of zombie. It has been killed, slowly and painfully, by the Iraqi Sunni Arab insurgency of recent months. Its rotting corpse still walks around as if alive but as time goes by more and more bits are going to fall off. The question for uncommitted European governments is whether they should join this spectacle.

Carnegie Experts on
Syria

  • expert thumbnail - Bahout
    Joseph Bahout
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Joseph Bahout is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. His research focuses on political developments in Lebanon and Syria, regional spillover from the Syrian crisis, and identity politics across the region.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Fellow
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy and Rule of Law Program, where she researches stabilization, state building, democratization, drivers of conflict, and local governance in fragile states.
  • expert thumbnail - Cammack
    Perry Cammack
    Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Perry Cammack is a fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Senior Visiting Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a senior visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she is focused on writing a book about the impact of the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia on the wider region since 1979.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
    Kheder Khaddour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
  • expert thumbnail - Lefèvre
    Raphaël Lefèvre
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Lefèvre is a Gates Scholar and a doctoral candidate in politics and international relations at the University of Cambridge.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Center
    Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his work focuses on the Syrian crisis, the political role of Arab armies, security sector transformation in Arab transitions, the reinvention of authoritarianism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and peace process.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.

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