Syria

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    • Op-Ed

    Arab Spring: Eternal Season of Flux

    The empowerment of the Arab public, coupled with the realization that change is possible through peaceful means, is a combination powerful enough to fundamentally change the whole region’s dynamic, even if that change does not happen quickly or smoothly.

    • Article

    The IAEA and Syria: A New Paradigm for Noncompliance?

    The board of governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), by nearly a three-to-one margin, declared Syria out of compliance with its safeguards obligations and reported the issue to the UN Security Council on June 9.

    • Op-Ed

    Assad Stands Alone

    Syrian refugees crossing the border into Turkey are forcing Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan to rethink his relationship with Syrian President Assad and making it increasingly likely that he will chart a course on Syria that is more antagonistic toward Damascus.

    • Op-Ed

    Problems Facing Syria's Referral to the UN Security Council

    While the International Atomic Energy Agency has passed a resolution that refers Syria to the UN Security Council for constructing a covert nuclear reactor, there are a number of significant problems with the resolution that could affect the UN’s ability to take action.

    • Q&A

    Syria's Nuclear Transgressions

    Israel destroyed a building in the Syrian desert nearly four years ago that both the United States and Israel argue was a covert nuclear reactor designed to produce plutonium. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) last month shared this assessment, countering assertions by Syria.

    • TV/Radio Broadcast

    The Need for Real Reform in the Arab World

    Rather than continuing with the reform rhetoric heard in many Arab countries, rulers who wish to remain in power must engage in serious, measurable, and inclusive efforts at real reform.

    • Event

    Turmoil in Syria and the Regional Consequences

    Following the protests and upheaval throughout the Arab world, Syrians took to the streets beginning on March 15, demanding a more responsive and democratic government. What happens in Syria in the coming months will play a critical role in the future of the region.

    • Article

    Middle East and North Africa: Protecting Social Cohesion and Economic Stability

    The unprecedented change in the Middle East has created immediate challenges to maintaining social cohesion and macroeconomic stability. Over the longer-term, countries must define their own political, social, and economic transformations.

    • Op-Ed

    Why Libya, But Not Syria?

    Five critical factors—none of which have to do with oil—explain why the United States and Europe are putting so much effort into bringing down Muammar Qaddafi in Libya and are so cautious in dealing with Bashar al-Assad in Syria.

    • Article

    The Crisis in Syria Shakes the Levant

    Regardless of how the situation evolves, Syria will not revert to its previous status quo, and any new order will have to take into account the new Arab demands for more accountable and democratic governments, freer societies, and more equitable socio-economic policies.

Carnegie Experts on
Syria

  • expert thumbnail - Al Rachid
    Loulouwa Al Rachid
    Co-Director
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Loulouwa Al Rachid is a co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
  • expert thumbnail - Bahout
    Joseph Bahout
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Joseph Bahout is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. His research focuses on political developments in Lebanon and Syria, regional spillover from the Syrian crisis, and identity politics across the region.
  • expert thumbnail - Brown
    Frances Z. Brown
    Fellow
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Frances Z. Brown is a fellow with Carnegie’s Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program, where she researches stabilization, state building, democratization, decentralization, drivers of conflict, and local governance in fragile states.
  • expert thumbnail - Cammack
    Perry Cammack
    Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Perry Cammack is a fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
  • expert thumbnail - Dunne
    Michele Dunne
    Director and Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Federici
    Vittoria Federici
    Co-Director
    Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States
    Carnegie Middle East Center
    Vittoria Federici is the co-director of the Program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her work focuses on defense affairs and security issues related to North Africa and the Levant.
  • expert thumbnail - Ghattas
    Kim Ghattas
    Senior Visiting Fellow
    Kim Ghattas is a senior visiting fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where she is focused on writing a book about the impact of the rivalry between Iran and Saudi Arabia on the wider region since 1979.
  • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
    Amr Hamzawy
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Democracy, Conflict, and Governance Program
    Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
  • expert thumbnail - Khaddour
    Kheder Khaddour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Kheder Khaddour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research centers on civil military relations and local identities in the Levant, with a focus on Syria.
  • expert thumbnail - Lefèvre
    Raphaël Lefèvre
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center
    Raphaël Lefèvre is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Sunni Islamist movements in Lebanon.
  • expert thumbnail - Levite
    Ariel (Eli) Levite
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Nuclear Policy Program
    Levite was the principal deputy director general for policy at the Israeli Atomic Energy Commission from 2002 to 2007.
  • expert thumbnail - Lynch
    Marc Lynch
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior fellow in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
  • expert thumbnail - Miller
    Andrew Miller
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program
    Andrew Miller is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program.
  • expert thumbnail - Muasher
    Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies
    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
  • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
    Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Fellow
    Middle East Center
    Yezid Sayigh is a senior fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where he leads the program on Civil-Military Relations in Arab States (CMRAS). His work focuses on the comparative political and economic roles of Arab armed forces and nonstate actors, the impact of war on states and societies, and the politics of post-conflict reconstruction and security sector transformation in Arab transitions, and authoritarian resurgence.
  • expert thumbnail - Walles
    Jake Walles
    Nonresident Senior Fellow
    Middle East Program
    Jake Walles is a nonresident senior fellow in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on Israeli-Palestinian issues, Tunisia, and counterterrorism.

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