20 Years After

    • Event

    Ukraine's Underachieving Economy Since 1991

    While there were high hopes for Ukraine’s speedy transition to a wealthy free market democracy and full membership in the European and Euro-Atlantic communities when it declared independence in 1991, it has fallen short of these targets.

    • Op-Ed

    The West's Cold War Victory 20 Years On

    Twenty years after the fall of the Soviet Union, democracies need to develop a new model that fosters civic duty and responsibility in their citizens and takes a more global perspective on leadership in the modern world.

    • Op-Ed

    The "Stans" at 20

    Twenty years after the Soviet collapse, leaders of the five Central Asian republics have built functioning states but they have yet to fully implement democratic reforms, decentralize and share power, and develop strong intraregional relations.

    • Op-Ed

    Kazakhstan at 20

    Twenty years after its independence from the Soviet Union, Kazakhstan has made a smooth transition to a middle income country and advanced a foreign policy that could make it a vital bridge between Europe and Asia.

    • Op-Ed

    Talking to Grown-Ups in the Caucasus

    Twenty years after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia face a number of shared challenges, including weak rule of law, entrenched corruption, and incomplete democratization.

    • Op-Ed

    Challenging the Language of Estrangement in the Caucasus

    Ordinary Armenians, Azeris, Georgians, and Abkhaz are growing increasingly estranged from each other as nationalist narratives continue to overshadow local examples of peaceful co-existence.

    • Article

    Kazakhstan at 20

    As Kazakhstan celebrates its twentieth anniversary of independence, the country faces a number of tough geopolitical, political, economic, and social challenges.

    • Event

    Public Opinion 20 Years After the Collapse of the Former Soviet Union

    Two decades after the fall of the Soviet Union, Russian, Ukrainian, and Lithuanian views of democracy, free markets, and political leadership have changed.

    • Op-Ed

    Kazakhstan's Soviet Legacy

    Legacies of the Soviet era still pervade Kazakhstan, 20 years after independence, and leave most citizens unable to offer a detached judgment of what benefits Kazakhstan might have derived from seven decades of Soviet rule.

    • Event

    The South Caucasus 20 Years After Independence

    Twenty years after the end of the Soviet Union, the South Caucasus countries can no longer be considered “in transition,” but questions remain about how well they are faring compared to the democratic countries of the European Union or the rising economies of Asia.

Sign up for
Carnegie Email

Personal Information
Please note...

You are leaving the website for the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and entering a website for another of Carnegie's global centers.

请注意...

你将离开清华—卡内基中心网站,进入卡内基其他全球中心的网站。