Cyber Policy Initiative

Cyberspace is increasingly central to international security and diplomacy. Carnegie’s Cyber Policy Initiative focuses on addressing international cyber policy challenges and is led by Tim Maurer, Ariel Levite, and George Perkovich. Through its main project, the initiative develops and promotes norms and policy recommendations for enhancing international stability and security in cyberspace.

This initiative grows out of Carnegie’s international Nuclear Policy Program and builds on the organization’s core strengths:

  • Expertise on regional and international security, proliferation dynamics, deterrence, and norm-building;
  • Networks related to Carnegie’s offices in Russia, China, Europe, the Middle East, and soon in South Asia;
  • A track record of discreet facilitation of policy development and reconciliation among diverse governmental and industrial stakeholders.

Current Projects and Activities

The Carnegie Cyber Policy Initiative is an important pillar of Carnegie’s growing work focused on the intersection of technology, innovation, and international affairs and presently includes five main projects:

  • An exploration of the desirability and feasibility of voluntary norms of restraint for specific types of offensive cyber operations through dialogue with senior current and former governmental officials in countries with significant cyber capabilities.
  • Research project including a book to be published by Cambridge University Press in 2017 on the history, current realities, and policy implications of proxy actors and cybersecurity. This research examines the private market of cyber capabilities and how it is used by states.
  • A collection of essays, Cyber Analogies, that explores what is new and unique (or not) about cyber capabilities by comparing them with previous technologies and events. The book is based on an earlier volume originally edited by Emily O. Goldman and John Arquilla and published by the U.S. Naval Post Graduate School in 2014. This project is undertaken in collaboration with the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School and U.S. Cyber Command.
  • An extensive report on the similarities and dissimilarities between the phenomenology and international security implications of nuclear weapons and offensive cyber capabilities, and how appreciation of such differences and similarities could benefit policymaking.
  • A report that examines the challenges of global governance related to cyberspace from the transatlantic perspective. This report by Sinan Ülgen, published by Carnegie Europe in early 2016, also highlights potential areas for joint policy leadership by Europe and the United States.

In support of these projects and activities, the Carnegie Cyber Policy Initiative collaborates with a diverse group of experts in several countries around the globe.

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