A conversation with five former and current ambassadors—three American and two Armenian—on U.S.-Armenian ties over the past twenty-five years.
The break between Russia and the West is not a passing phase, but a long-term condition that will shape the course of European security for the foreseeable future.
Belarus and Russia share strong historical ties, but differences between the two countries following the annexation of Crimea call into question how durable this partnership is today.
The United States has important but not vital interests in the South Caucasus, which include preserving regional stability; preventing the resumption of frozen conflicts; and supporting democratic change and better governance as well as the international integration of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia.
Georgia has made steady progress since independence, but ongoing challenges call for further integration with the West, improved relations with Russia, and deeper ties with other partners.
With Russia pursuing integrationist schemes and the EU seeking to sustain its engagement in Eastern Europe, Moldova’s tangle of history, economic ties, and domestic politics presents a unique challenge.
Turkmenistan’s political model appears far more fragile than the record after twenty-five years of independence might lead one to believe.
The sustainability of Armenia’s model of partial democracy is being challenged by growing popular dissatisfaction and a looming generational turnover.
Azerbaijani society is changing more rapidly than the authorities realize. The country will face political turbulence if the elites do not bridge the gap between rulers and ruled.
Kyrgyzstan could yet evolve into an island of pluralism with stable institutions, but global and domestic trends may be pointing it in a different direction.