The official Muslim religious establishments in Arab countries give governments a major role in religious life, but these institutions are rarely mere regime mouthpieces and can be difficult to steer in a particular direction.
Buddhism’s principles and values transcend borders to bind people across Asia within a common cultural heritage.
Algeria’s myriad Islamist parties are either barred from the elections or internally divided over whether to support the government or join the opposition, limiting their chances of success.
The recent attacks on Coptic churches have prompted President Sisi to declare a state emergency.
Buddhism has become part of a broader soft power rivalry between China and India for greater influence in Asia.
Iraq’s Yezidis are trapped amidst the rivalries all around them.
Tibet is at the very heart of the Sino-Indian disputation over territorial sovereignty and much else over the last six decades.
The denial of democratic opportunities, the rise of successful violent movements, and the shifting regional and Islamist contexts make it likely that the coming period of Islamist politics will be dominated by non–Muslim Brotherhood organizations.
While Iran’s foreign policy writ large exists mostly beyond the confines of confessionalism, this much is clear: as Iran’s neighborhood has become more sectarian, so has its behavior.
In the wake of the Arab Spring, newer media and older forms (such as the daily newspaper) have gradually made it easier for Middle East countries to participate in public debates from a variety of ideological perspectives.