Foreign Policy

    • Carnegie.ru Commentary

    Russia’s Next Move on Ukraine

    The most likely scenario for eastern Ukraine is that a low-level conflict will continue to simmer. Moscow needs to give up its pipe dream that a pro-Russian government will come to power in Kiev, and forget its convenient but misleading stereotypes about its large neighbor.

    • Strategic Europe

    Georgia Holds an Election Without Saviors

    Georgia’s parliamentary election on October 8 will be the first in the country’s history in which no big charismatic figure is dominating the headlines.

    • Op-Ed

    The Risk-Taker

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s seeks to break out of the many presumed constraints on India’s Pakistan policy by taking more risks than his predecessors.

    • Diwan

    Why Dance with Russia?

    The traditional tools of U.S. statecraft in the Middle East are wanting.

    • Article

    Azerbaijan at 25: A New Era of Change and Turbulence

    Azerbaijani society is changing more rapidly than the authorities realize. The country will face political turbulence if the elites do not bridge the gap between rulers and ruled.

    • Op-Ed

    Whither Turkey?

    The Turkish government’s crackdown on opponents since the July 15 coup attempt has probably buried the country’s EU accession framework for good.

    • Op-Ed

    Raja Mandala: A Movement in Coma

    It was never possible to harmonize the interests of so many different countries in the Non-Aligned Movement. But, the summits allow countries to bring their particular national issues to the fore.

    • Paper

    Corruption and State Fragility

    • Sarah Chayes
    • September 20, 2016
    • United States Institute of Peace

    Efforts to end corruption, fortified by a robust understanding of how corrupt systems operate within a country, are necessary to strengthen fragile states.

    • Fragility Study Group Policy Brief

    Corruption and State Fragility

    The issue of corruption must be central to policy development, engaging every aspect of how the United States interacts with fragile states.

    • The European Union and Its Southern Neighborhood

      How can the EU reconcile its new policy of promoting stabilization and security in the Middle East with human rights and democratization?

    Carnegie Experts on
    Foreign Policy

    • expert thumbnail - Adebahr
      Cornelius Adebahr
      Nonresident Associate
      Carnegie Europe
      Adebahr is a nonresident associate at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on European foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Al-Muslimi
      Farea Al-Muslimi
      Nonresident Scholar
      Middle East Center
      Al-Muslimi is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Yemeni and Gulf politics.
    • expert thumbnail - Arbatov
      Alexey Arbatov
      Scholar in Residence
      Nonproliferation Program
      Moscow Center
      Arbatov, a former member of the State Duma, is the author of a number of books and numerous articles and papers on issues of global security, strategic stability, disarmament, and Russian military reform.
    • expert thumbnail - Axyonova
      Vera Axyonova
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
      Vera Axyonova is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Baunov
      Alexander Baunov
      Senior Associate
      Editor in Chief of Carnegie.ru
      Moscow Center
      Baunov is a senior associate at the Carnegie Moscow Center and editor in chief of Carnegie.ru.
    • Elena Bogatyreva
      Program Coordinator
      Moscow Center
    • expert thumbnail - Brown
      Nathan Brown
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Middle East Program
      Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.
    • expert thumbnail - Cammack
      Perry Cammack
      Associate
      Middle East Program
      Perry Cammack is an associate in the Middle East Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he focuses on long-term regional trends and their implications for American foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Carothers
      Thomas Carothers
      Vice President for Studies
      Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, human rights, governance, comparative democratization, and U.S. foreign policy relating to democracy and human rights.
    • expert thumbnail - Qi
      Chen Qi
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Chen Qi is an expert on U.S.-China relations, global governance, and China’s foreign policy. Chen runs the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy’s U.S.-China Track II dialogue.
    • expert thumbnail - de Waal
      Thomas de Waal
      Senior Associate
      Carnegie Europe
      De Waal is a senior associate with Carnegie Europe, specializing in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus region.
    • expert thumbnail - Dempsey
      Judy Dempsey
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Carnegie Europe
      Editor in chief
      Strategic Europe
      Dempsey is a nonresident senior associate at Carnegie Europe and editor in chief of Strategic Europe.
    • expert thumbnail - Dorronsoro
      Gilles Dorronsoro
      Nonresident Scholar
      South Asia Program
      Dorronsoro’s research focuses on security and political development in Afghanistan. He was a professor of political science at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Institute of Political Studies of Rennes.
    • expert thumbnail - Dunne
      Michele Dunne
      Director and Senior Associate
      Middle East Program
      Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Dvorkin
      Vladimir Dvorkin
      Distinguished Military Fellow
      Nonproliferation Program
      Moscow Center
      Major General Dvorkin (retired) is a distinguished military fellow in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Feigenbaum
      Evan A. Feigenbaum
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Asia Program
      Feigenbaum’s work focuses principally on China and India, geopolitics in Asia, and the role of the United States in East, Central, and South Asia. His previous positions include deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia, deputy assistant secretary of state for Central Asia, and member of the secretary of state’s policy planning staff with principal responsibility for East Asia and the Pacific.
    • expert thumbnail - Ferchen
      Matt Ferchen
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Ferchen specializes in China’s political-economic relations with emerging economies. At the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, he runs a program on China’s economic and political relations with the developing world, including Latin America.
    • expert thumbnail - Gabuev
      Alexander Gabuev
      Senior Associate and Chair
      Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program
      Moscow Center
      Gabuev is a senior associate and the chair of the Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Godement
      François Godement
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Asia Program
      Godement, an expert on Chinese and East Asian strategic and international affairs, is a nonresident senior associate in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Haenle
      Paul Haenle
      Director
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Haenle served as the director for China, Taiwan, and Mongolian Affairs on the National Security Council staffs of former president George W. Bush and President Barack Obama prior to joining Carnegie.
    • expert thumbnail - Hamzawy
      Amr Hamzawy
      Senior Associate
      Middle East Program
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Amr Hamzawy studied political science and developmental studies in Cairo, The Hague, and Berlin.
    • expert thumbnail - Han
      Shi Han
      Nonresident Associate
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Shi Han is a nonresident associate at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy concentrating on international business issues. His economic research addresses challenges arising from interactions between American and Chinese businesses and the competition and cooperation between state and non-state economic entities.
    • expert thumbnail - Holden
      John L. Holden
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Asia Program
      Holden is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Asia Program. He also advises corporations and other organizations on their operations in China and assists Chinese companies overseas.
    • expert thumbnail - Hollis
      Duncan Hollis
      Nonresident Scholar
      Duncan B. Hollis is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the James E. Beasley professor of law at Temple Law School, where he also serves as the associate dean for academic affairs.
    • expert thumbnail - Kleinfeld
      Rachel Kleinfeld
      Senior Associate
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Kleinfeld is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program. She was the founding CEO of the Truman National Security Project.
    • expert thumbnail - Kolesnikov
      Andrei Kolesnikov
      Senior Associate and Chair
      Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
      Moscow Center
      Kolesnikov is a senior associate and the chair of the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
    • expert thumbnail - Kühn
      Ulrich Kühn
      Associate, Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow
      Ulrich Kühn is an associate and a Stanton nuclear security fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and a fellow with the Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy at the University of Hamburg (IFSH).
    • Henrik Larsen
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow
      Henrik B. L. Larsen is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow focused on the political economy of the Ukrainian crisis.
    • expert thumbnail - Lee
      Chung Min Lee
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Chung Min Lee is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s Asia Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Lehne
      Stefan Lehne
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.
    • expert thumbnail - Lynch
      Marc Lynch
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Middle East Program
      Marc Lynch is a nonresident senior associate in Carnegie’s Middle East Program where his work focuses on the politics of the Arab world.
    • expert thumbnail - Maçães
      Bruno Maçães
      Nonresident Associate
      Carnegie Europe
      Maçães is a nonresident associate at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on EU integration and foreign policy, trade policy, and broader globalization trends.
    • expert thumbnail - Mansour
      Renad Mansour
      El-Erian Fellow
      Middle East Center
      Mansour is an El-Erian fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Iraq, Iran, and Kurdish affairs.
    • expert thumbnail - Mathews
      Jessica Tuchman Mathews
      Distinguished Fellow
      Mathews is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She served as Carnegie’s president for 18 years.
    • expert thumbnail - Maurer
      Tim Maurer
      Associate
      Maurer’s research focuses on cyberspace and international affairs, with a concentration on global cybersecurity norms, human rights online, Internet governance, and their interlinkages.
    • expert thumbnail - Medeiros
      Evan Medeiros
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Asia Program
      Evan S. Medeiros is a nonresident senior associate in the Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Mohan
      C. Raja Mohan
      Director
      Carnegie India
      A leading analyst of India’s foreign policy, Mohan is also an expert on South Asian security, great-power relations in Asia, and arms control.
    • expert thumbnail - Movchan
      Andrey Movchan
      Senior Associate and Director
      Economic Policy Program
      Moscow Center
      Movchan is a senior associate and director of the Economic Policy Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center. He is one of Russia’s best known financial managers.
    • expert thumbnail - Muasher
      Marwan Muasher
      Vice President for Studies
      Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.
    • expert thumbnail - Naím
      Moisés Naím
      Distinguished Fellow
      International Economics Program
      Naím is a distinguished fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where his research focuses on international economics and global politics. He is currently the chief international columnist for El País, Spain’s largest newspaper, and his weekly column is published worldwide.
    • expert thumbnail - Norris
      William Norris
      Nonresident Associate
      Nuclear Policy Program
      William Norris is a nonresident associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program. His research focuses on risks of nuclear escalation, U.S.-China relations, and regional strategic dynamics in East Asia.
    • expert thumbnail - Paal
      Douglas H. Paal
      Vice President for Studies
      Paal previously served as vice chairman of JPMorgan Chase International and as unofficial U.S. representative to Taiwan as director of the American Institute in Taiwan.
    • expert thumbnail - Xun
      Pang Xun
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Pang Xun is a resident scholar at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, where she is part of the China and the Developing World Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Pierini
      Marc Pierini
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.
    • expert thumbnail - Rothkopf
      David Rothkopf
      Visiting Scholar
      Rothkopf, author of the recent book National Insecurity: American Leadership in an Age of Fear, served as deputy undersecretary of commerce for international trade policy in the Clinton administration.
    • Bartosz M. Rydlinski
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
      Bartosz M. Rydlinski is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace focused on how Polish-German reconciliation and cooperation affects relations between Russia and the West.
    • expert thumbnail - Ryu
      Rexon Ryu
      Nonresident Senior Associate
      Ryu is a nonresident senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he leads an initiative focused on the intersection of diplomacy, technology, and innovation.
    • expert thumbnail - Sadjadpour
      Karim Sadjadpour
      Senior Associate
      Middle East Program
      Sadjadpour, a leading researcher on Iran, has conducted dozens of interviews with senior Iranian officials and hundreds with Iranian intellectuals, clerics, dissidents, paramilitaries, businessmen, students, activists, and youth, among others.
    • expert thumbnail - Samorukov
      Maxim Samorukov
      Deputy Editor of Carnegie.ru
      Moscow Center
      Samorukov is deputy editor of Carnegie.ru.
    • expert thumbnail - Sasse
      Gwendolyn Sasse
      Nonresident Associate
      Carnegie Europe
      Sasse is a nonresident associate at Carnegie Europe. Her research focuses on Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, EU enlargement, and comparative democratization.
    • expert thumbnail - Sayigh
      Yezid Sayigh
      Senior Associate
      Middle East Center
      Sayigh is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his work focuses on the Syrian crisis, the political role of Arab armies, security sector transformation in Arab transitions, the reinvention of authoritarianism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and peace process.
    • expert thumbnail - Schoff
      James L. Schoff
      Senior Associate
      Asia Program
      Schoff is a senior associate in the Carnegie Asia Program. His research focuses on U.S.-Japanese relations and regional engagement, Japanese politics and security, and the private sector’s role in Japanese policymaking.
    • expert thumbnail - Zhiqin
      Shi Zhiqin
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      An expert on European issues, Shi Zhiqin runs a program on China-EU Relations at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Sokolsky
      Richard Sokolsky
      Senior Associate
      Russia and Eurasia Program
      Richard Sokolsky is a senior associate in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program. His work focuses on U.S. policy toward Russia in the wake of the Ukraine crisis.
    • expert thumbnail - Stronski
      Paul Stronski
      Senior Associate, Russia and Eurasia Program
      Paul Stronski is a senior associate in Carnegie’s Russia and Eurasia Program, where his research focuses on the relationship between Russia and neighboring countries in Central Asia and the South Caucasus.
    • expert thumbnail - Xuefeng
      Sun Xuefeng
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Sun Xuefeng specializes in the rise of great powers and international relations theory. At Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, he runs a program examining the international and regional implications of China’s rise.
    • expert thumbnail - Sushentsov
      Andrey Sushentsov
      EASI-Hurford Next Generation Fellow
      Andrey Sushentsov is an EASI-Hurford Next Generation fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace focused on Russian policy toward Ukraine and the future of Russian-Ukrainian interdependence.
    • expert thumbnail - Swaine
      Michael Swaine
      Senior Associate
      Asia Program
      Swaine is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and one of the most prominent American analysts in Chinese security studies.
    • expert thumbnail - Xiaoyang
      Tang Xiaoyang
      Deputy Director
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Tang Xiaoyang is a resident scholar and the deputy director of the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy and an associate professor in the Department of International Relations at Tsinghua University. His research interests include political philosophy, China’s modernization process, and China’s engagement in Africa.
    • expert thumbnail - Tellis
      Ashley J. Tellis
      Senior Associate
      South Asia Program
      Tellis is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace specializing in international security, defense, and Asian strategic issues.
    • expert thumbnail - Topychkanov
      Petr Topychkanov
      Associate
      Nonproliferation Program
      Moscow Center
      Topychkanov is an associate in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Trenin
      Dmitri Trenin
      Director
      Moscow Center
      Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.
    • expert thumbnail - Ülgen
      Sinan Ülgen
      Visiting Scholar
      Carnegie Europe
      Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on Turkish foreign policy, nuclear policy, cyberpolicy, and transatlantic relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Vaishnav
      Milan Vaishnav
      Senior Associate
      South Asia Program
      Vaishnav’s primary research focus is the political economy of India, and he examines issues such as corruption, ethnic politics, governance and state capacity, election finance, and distributive politics.
    • expert thumbnail - Vimont
      Pierre Vimont
      Senior Associate
      Carnegie Europe
      Vimont is a senior associate at Carnegie Europe. His research focuses on the European Neighborhood Policy, transatlantic relations, and French foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Volpe
      Tristan Volpe
      Associate
      Nuclear Policy Program
      Tristan Volpe is an associate in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he examines the spread and impact of technology in the nuclear age.
    • expert thumbnail - Wehrey
      Frederic Wehrey
      Senior Associate
      Middle East Program
      Wehrey’s research focuses on security affairs, civil-military relations, and identity politics in North Africa and the Gulf.
    • expert thumbnail - Weiss
      Andrew S. Weiss
      Vice President for Studies
      Weiss is vice president for studies at the Carnegie Endowment, where he oversees research in Washington and Moscow on Russia and Eurasia.
    • expert thumbnail - Xuetong
      Yan Xuetong
      President, Carnegie–Tsinghua Management Board
      Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Yan Xuetong is one of China’s leading experts on China’s foreign policy, national security, and U.S.-China relations. At Tsinghua University, he is dean of the Institute of Modern International Relations.
    • expert thumbnail - Yang
      Xiaoping Yang
      Visiting Scholar
      South Asia Program
      Yang Xiaoping is a visiting scholar in the South Asia Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.
    • expert thumbnail - Youngs
      Richard Youngs
      Senior Associate
      Democracy and Rule of Law Program
      Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.
    • expert thumbnail - Chuanjie
      Zhang Chuanjie
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Zhang Chuanjie’s expertise and program at the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy examines the impact of Chinese public opinion on China’s foreign policy.
    • expert thumbnail - Lihua
      Zhang Lihua
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Zhang Lihua is a resident scholar at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy. She is also a professor at the Department of International Relations at Tsinghua University.
    • expert thumbnail - Kejin
      Zhao Kejin
      Resident Scholar
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Zhao Kejin is an expert on China’s foreign policy and diplomacy. At the Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy, he runs a program that examines the development of China’s public diplomacy.
    • expert thumbnail - Zhao
      Tong Zhao
      Associate
      Carnegie-Tsinghua Center for Global Policy
      Tong Zhao is an associate in Carnegie’s Nuclear Policy Program based at the Carnegie–Tsinghua Center for Global Policy.

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