Political Reform

 
  • Op-Ed
    The New Arab Wars
    Yezid Sayigh September 19, 2014 Al-Hayat

    An unprecedented number of Arab countries are in the midst of large-scale armed conflict. The patterns of these Arab wars are revealing new dynamics and impacts.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Europe and Belarus in Changing Times
    Richard Youngs September 18, 2014

    This summer’s crisis in eastern Ukraine has made the European Union and Belarus keen to develop a more constructive relationship with each other.

     
  • Article
    To Confront the Islamic State, Seek a Truce in Syria
    Yezid Sayigh September 18, 2014 عربي

    As an international coalition gears up to confront the Islamic State, there is a rare opportunity to try to get the Syrian regime and rebels to stop fighting each other.

     
  • Article
    The Egyptian State and the Religious Sphere
    Georges Fahmi September 18, 2014 عربي

    Egypt should include—rather than exclude—its diverse religious movements. In this bid for inclusion, such an approach would help curb violence and extremism and ensure stability.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Saleh Bites Back
    Nasser Arrabyee September 18, 2014 عربي

    Former Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh is seeking to take advantage of the Houthi conflict to reestablish his influence and pave the way for his son to take power.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Beyond ISIS and Ukraine: What Else Happened This Summer
    Moisés Naím September 16, 2014 Atlantic

    Syria, Ukraine, Gaza, Iraq, ISIS, Ebola—the list of this past summer’s disasters is long. But buried among the tragic headlines and breaking news are other events that attracted less attention but could be just as consequential for global affairs.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Liberty and Security in Tunisia
    Omar Belhaj Salah September 16, 2014 عربي

    The increased role of Tunisia’s security apparatus is generating fears of a potential return of the police state.

     
  • Eurasia Outlook
    Worse Than the Cold War
    Alexei Arbatov September 16, 2014

    The growing hostility between the Russian and American societies accompanies the tensions in state bilateral relations.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Silk Route to Beijing
    C. Raja Mohan September 15, 2014 Indian Express

    Putting in place a strategy to modernize India’s internal connectivity and strengthen its maritime infrastructure is critical for any effective Indian response to China’s silk road initiative.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Going Back to Rawalpindi
    Christophe Jaffrelot September 13, 2014 Indian Express

    The recent crisis in Pakistan has shown that the army does not need to seize power to be recognized as the most powerful institution in the country.

     

India Decides 2014

Carnegie Experts on Political Reform

  • Mario Abou Zeid
    Research Analyst
    Middle East Center

    Abou Zeid is a research analyst at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his work focuses on political developments in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Iran.

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  • Cornelius Adebahr
    Associate
    Europe Program

    Adebahr is an associate in the Europe Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington, DC. His research focuses on European foreign policy.

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  • Amr Adly
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Adly is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research centers on political economy, development studies, and economic sociology of the Middle East, with a focus on Egypt.

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  • Anouar Boukhars
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an assistant professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.

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  • Nathan Brown
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.

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  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, rights, and governance and on comparative democratization as well as an expert on U.S. foreign policy.

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  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

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  • Thomas de Waal
    Senior Associate
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    De Waal is a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment, specializing primarily in the South Caucasus region comprising Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia and their breakaway territories as well as the wider Black Sea region.

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  • Gilles Dorronsoro
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Dorronsoro’s research focuses on security and political development in Afghanistan. He was a professor of political science at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Institute of Political Studies of Rennes.

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  • Michele Dunne
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

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  • Ashraf El-Sherif
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    El-Sherif is a nonresident associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

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  • Evan A. Feigenbaum
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Asia Program

    Feigenbaum’s work focuses principally on China and India, geopolitics in Asia, and the role of the United States in East, Central, and South Asia. His previous positions include deputy assistant secretary of state for South Asia, deputy assistant secretary of state for Central Asia, and member of the secretary of state’s policy planning staff with principal responsibility for East Asia and the Pacific.

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  • Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck
    Research Analyst
    Middle East Center

    Ghanem-Yazbeck is a research analyst at the Carnegie Middle East Center. She is a political scientist with expertise in jihadism, political violence, extremist violence, and terrorism, with a focus on Algeria.

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  • Kawa Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Hassan is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Kurdish and Iraqi politics, civil society and democratization, donor assistance, and transition processes, especially in the Middle East.

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  • Oz Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Hassan is one of the United Kingdom’s foremost authorities on democracy promotion and democracy assistance programs and a leading scholar on U.S. foreign policy.

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  • John L. Holden
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Asia Program

    Holden is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Asia Program. He also advises corporations and other organizations on their operations in China and assists Chinese companies overseas.

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  • Yukon Huang
    Senior Associate
    Asia Program

    Huang is a senior associate in the Carnegie Asia Program, where his research focuses on China’s economic development and its impact on Asia and the global economy.

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  • John Judis
    Visiting Scholar

    Judis is a senior editor of the New Republic, where he has worked since 1984. As a visiting scholar at Carnegie, Judis wrote The Folly of Empire: What George W. Bush Could Learn from Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson.

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  • Kheder Khaddour
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Khaddour is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research focuses on issues of identity and society in Syria.

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  • Lina Khatib
    Director
    Middle East Center

    Khatib is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Previously, she was the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

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  • Rachel Kleinfeld
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Kleinfeld is a senior associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program. She is the founder and president emeritus of the Truman National Security Project.

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  • Raphaël Lefèvre
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Lefèvre is a Gates Scholar and a doctoral candidate in politics and international relations at the University of Cambridge.

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  • Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.

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  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

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  • Jessica Tuchman Mathews
    President

    Mathews is president of the Carnegie Endowment. Before her appointment in 1997, her career included posts in both the executive and legislative branches of government, in management and research in the nonprofit arena, and in journalism and science policy.

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  • Aline Matta
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Matta is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on technical assistance projects in the Middle East and North Africa.

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  • Ahmed Morsy
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Morsy is a nonresident research associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

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  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

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  • Nathaniel Myers
    Visiting Scholar

    Nathaniel Myers is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Democracy and Rule of Law program. His research focuses on the intersection of American foreign assistance and foreign policy.

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  • Douglas H. Paal
    Vice President for Studies

    Paal previously served as vice chairman of JPMorgan Chase International and as unofficial U.S. representative to Taiwan as director of the American Institute in Taiwan.

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  • Marc Pierini
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Pierini is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe, where his research focuses on developments in the Middle East and Turkey from a European perspective.

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  • David Rothkopf
    Visiting Scholar

    Rothkopf, author of the recent book Power, Inc.: The Epic Rivalry Between Big Business and Government and the Reckoning that Lies Ahead, served as deputy undersecretary of commerce for international trade policy in the Clinton administration.

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  • Karim Sadjadpour
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Sadjadpour, a leading researcher on Iran, has conducted dozens of interviews with senior Iranian officials and hundreds with Iranian intellectuals, clerics, dissidents, paramilitaries, businessmen, students, activists, and youth, among others.

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  • Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Sayigh is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his work focuses on the Syrian crisis, the political role of Arab armies, security sector transformation in Arab transitions, the reinvention of authoritarianism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and peace process.

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  • Viktoria Shapovalova
    Program Coordinator
    Moscow Center
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  • Lilia Shevtsova
    Senior Associate
    Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program
    Moscow Center

    Shevtsova chairs the Russian Domestic Politics and Political Institutions Program at the Carnegie Moscow Center, dividing her time between Carnegie’s offices in Washington, DC, and Moscow. She has been with Carnegie since 1995.

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  • Dmitri Trenin
    Director
    Moscow Center

    Trenin, director of the Carnegie Moscow Center, has been with the center since its inception. He also chairs the research council and the Foreign and Security Policy Program.

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  • Sinan Ülgen
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Ülgen is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the implications of Turkish foreign policy for Europe and the United States, nuclear policy, and the security and economic aspects of transatlantic relations.

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  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly. He was previously a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation.

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  • Maha Yahya
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Yahya is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.

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  • Richard Youngs
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.

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