Society and Culture Focus On  North Africa

 
  • Op-Ed
    Is Libya a Proxy War?
    Frederic Wehrey October 24, 2014 Washington Post

    In many respects, the war of narratives underway in Libya is a mirror of the polarization that is underway in the Gulf itself and in the broader Arab world.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Egypt’s Repression of Civic Activists is a Serious Mistake
    Thomas Carothers October 24, 2014 Washington Post

    Accepting the Egyptian crackdown on civil society with only a token fuss might seem like a small price to pay for maintaining cordial relations with a stable, relatively friendly government in a region roiled by instability and conflict. This would be a serious mistake.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Rabat’s Undoing
    Intissar Fakir, Maati Monjib October 23, 2014 Foreign Affairs

    The Arab Spring­–driven 2011 constitutional reforms may be changing Morocco’s political system more than anticipated. Namely, it has allowed Morocco’s governing Islamist party to increase the palace’s political accountability.

     
  • Other Publications
    The Working Group on Egypt’s Letter to President Obama
    September 25, 2014

    There is great concern that Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s rule is fueling radicalization. Violence and terrorism in Egypt have increased markedly since the July 2013 coup, as the regime continues to close off avenues for peaceful political dissent.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Avoiding Old Mistakes in the New Game of Islamic Politics
    Nathan Brown September 22, 2014 Washington Post

    The U.S. leadership and foreign policy community are ill-equipped to understand the non-military aspects of the struggle against the Islamic State.

     
  • Op-Ed
    The New Arab Wars
    Yezid Sayigh September 19, 2014 Al-Hayat عربي

    An unprecedented number of Arab countries are in the midst of large-scale armed conflict. The patterns of these Arab wars are revealing new dynamics and impacts.

     
  • Article
    The Egyptian State and the Religious Sphere
    Georges Fahmi September 18, 2014 عربي

    Egypt should include—rather than exclude—its diverse religious movements. In this bid for inclusion, such an approach would help curb violence and extremism and ensure stability.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Women and Jihad
    Dalia Ghanem-Yazbeck September 15, 2014 openDemocracy Français

    Women, who not only offer moral support, but also combatant support in the field, contribute—directly or indirectly—to an industry of death, as they strive for the inexorable march of jihadism, and the extermination of those they see as “impious” and “apostates.”

     
  • Op-Ed
    The Arab Region at Tipping Point
    Yezid Sayigh August 21, 2014 Al-Hayat عربي

    The Arab states are at a tipping point. Some have already gone past it, while others must make hard choices if they are to avoid it.

     
  • Article
    Egypt, Counterterrorism, and the Politics of Alienation
    Michele Dunne, Scott Williamson August 20, 2014 عربي video

    The Sisi government’s policies of repression and exclusion are alienating Egypt’s restive population and threatening to push Egyptians into the arms of extremist groups.

     
  • Event
    Middle East in Turmoil: Can It Recover?
    Karim Sadjadpour, Thomas L. Friedman, David Ignatius September 12, 2014 Washington, DC

    Today’s Middle East is grappling with failed states, civil wars, brazen autocracies, and terror groups such as ISIS. Is this the region’s new normal, and is there a viable U.S. strategy to reverse these trends?

     
  • Event
    Launching Event for the Arab Integration Report
    Fouad Sanioura, Rima Khalaf, Ezzedine Al Asbahi, Mahmoud Azab, Jihad Azour, Inaam Bayoud, Sami Brahem, Abdallah Al Dardari, Hani Fahs, Taher Kenan, Yezid Sayigh, Mohammed Tayyeb Al-Tizini, Maha Yahya, Haifa Zangana June 17, 2014 Beirut

    Arab integration offers a real opportunity for critical political, economic, social, and cultural developments, but significant challenges stand in the way of comprehensive integration.

     
  • Event
    Citizenship and Social Justice: Exploring New Frontiers
    Jihad Azour, Ziad Bahaeddine, Moncef Cheikh-Rouhou, Abdallah Al-Dardari, Rabiha Diab, Abdel Karim Al-Eryani, Ridha Saidi, Maha Yahya June 12, 2014 Beirut

    Calls for dignity, freedom, and social justice in the Arab world have triggered fundamental questions about state–citizen relations and have dramatically transformed the landscape of civic activism.

     
  • Event
    Redefining Citizenship in the Arab World
    Maha Yahya, Katherine Wilkens June 4, 2014 Washington, DC

    The recent popular uprisings in the Arab world sought to dismantle authoritarian political regimes and address profound societal inequities. However, they also triggered fundamental questions about the relationship between citizens and the state, as well as the rights and obligations of citizenship.

     
  • Event
    Roadmap to National Dialogue: What Can Syria Learn From Regional Experiences?
    Majid Almadhaji, Darine El Hage, Wesam Jalahej, Romy Nasr, Oussama Safa May 30, 2014 Beirut

    Across the Arab world, states are emerging scarred by conflicts and revolutions. These states are often in dire need of national reconciliation efforts.

     
  • Event
    The Local and Regional Dynamics of Arab Activism
    Marwan Muasher, Lina Khatib, Ellen Lust, Ahmed Benchemsi May 21, 2014 Washington, DC

    After the major uprisings of 2011 in Egypt, Tunisia, and Yemen, many assumed that the movements emerged spontaneously directed by tech-savvy, young revolutionaries. However, citizen activism in the Arab world was already adapting to changing internal political and social dynamics in the preceding years.

     
  • Event
    The Success and Failures of the Arab Revolutions: A Discussion With Gilles Kepel
    Karim Sadjadpour, William McCants, Gilles Kepel May 14, 2014 Washington, DC

    Gilles Kepel, William McCants, and Karim Sadjadpour assess the shifting dynamics of the Arab revolutions and their potential future trajectory.

     
  • Event
    Youth Inclusion in Morocco: A Discussion With Minister Mohamed Ouzzine
    Mohamed Ouzzine, Gloria La Cava, Intissar Fakir April 9, 2014 Washington, DC

    A number of challenges face young people in Morocco, including high unemployment and a corresponding lack of economic opportunities.

     
  • Event
    Marwan Muasher in Conversation With Thomas L. Friedman
    Marwan Muasher, Thomas L. Friedman March 19, 2014 Washington, DC

    Three years after the Arab world was rocked by the uprisings that brought down longstanding autocratic regimes in Tunisia and Egypt, the region remains embroiled in a transformational struggle for the future.

     
  • Event
    Rached Ghannouchi on Tunisia’s Democratic Transition
    Rached Ghannouchi, Marwan Muasher February 26, 2014 Washington, DC

    In a landmark step, Tunisia’s Islamic and secular political forces reached accord on a constitution that provides a foundation for Tunisia’s transition to democracy. But while progress has been made, the country still faces serious economic and political challenges ahead.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Egypt’s 1984
    Sharif Abdel Kouddous October 28, 2014 عربي

    President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s steps to quash dissent exceed the Mubarak era’s in scope and intensity.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Is Libya a Proxy War?
    Frederic Wehrey October 24, 2014 Washington Post

    In many respects, the war of narratives underway in Libya is a mirror of the polarization that is underway in the Gulf itself and in the broader Arab world.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Egypt’s Repression of Civic Activists is a Serious Mistake
    Thomas Carothers October 24, 2014 Washington Post

    Accepting the Egyptian crackdown on civil society with only a token fuss might seem like a small price to pay for maintaining cordial relations with a stable, relatively friendly government in a region roiled by instability and conflict. This would be a serious mistake.

     
  • Op-Ed
    Rabat’s Undoing
    Intissar Fakir, Maati Monjib October 23, 2014 Foreign Affairs

    The Arab Spring­–driven 2011 constitutional reforms may be changing Morocco’s political system more than anticipated. Namely, it has allowed Morocco’s governing Islamist party to increase the palace’s political accountability.

     
  • Paper
    The Muslim Brotherhood and the Future of Political Islam in Egypt
    Ashraf El-Sherif October 21, 2014

    The current turmoil in Egypt has cast shadows on the potential for Islamist integration as well as the regime’s ability to achieve political stability.

     
  • Sada Discussion
    What Lies Ahead for Algeria?
    Sada Debate October 16, 2014 عربي

    The ailing President Abdelaziz Bouteflika’s election to a fourth term may have been widely expected, but few have a sense of what exactly will come next. How are the political elite laying the groundwork for this transition?

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Taking Advantage of Morocco’s Security Threat
    Mohammed Masbah October 10, 2014 عربي

    Although Morocco is not immune to terrorism, the authorities’ exaggeration of the security threat does more to serve the Ministry of Interior than to fight terrorism.

     
  • Sada - Analysis
    Tunisia’s Uncertain Elections
    Sarah Mersch October 8, 2014 عربي

    Talk of Tunisia’s elections has focused on parties and individuals, not issues, leaving many citizens unsure for whom to vote.

     
  • Other Publications
    The Working Group on Egypt’s Letter to President Obama
    September 25, 2014

    There is great concern that Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi’s rule is fueling radicalization. Violence and terrorism in Egypt have increased markedly since the July 2013 coup, as the regime continues to close off avenues for peaceful political dissent.

     
  • Paper
    Ending Libya’s Civil War: Reconciling Politics, Rebuilding Security
    Frederic Wehrey September 24, 2014 عربي video

    With a domestic landscape torn apart by competing claims to power and with interference from regional actors serving to entrench divides, restoring stability in Libya and building a unified security structure will be difficult if not impossible without broad-based political reconciliation.

     

Carnegie Experts on Society and Culture

  • Mario Abou Zeid
    Research Analyst
    Middle East Center

    Abou Zeid is a research analyst at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his work focuses on political developments in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, and Iran.

  •  
  • Anouar Boukhars
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Program

    Boukhars is a nonresident scholar in Carnegie’s Middle East Program. He is an assistant professor of international relations at McDaniel College in Westminster, Maryland.

  •  
  • Nathan Brown
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Brown, a professor of political science and international affairs at George Washington University, is a distinguished scholar and author of six well-received books on Arab politics.

  •  
  • Thomas Carothers
    Vice President for Studies

    Carothers is a leading authority on international support for democracy, rights, and governance and on comparative democratization as well as an expert on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • Sarah Chayes
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program
    South Asia Program

    Chayes, formerly special adviser to the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, is an expert in South Asia policy, kleptocracy and anticorruption, and civil-military relations.

  •  
  • Gilles Dorronsoro
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Dorronsoro’s research focuses on security and political development in Afghanistan. He was a professor of political science at the Sorbonne in Paris and the Institute of Political Studies of Rennes.

  •  
  • Michele Dunne
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Dunne is an expert on political and economic change in Arab countries, particularly Egypt, as well as U.S. policy in the Middle East.

  •  
  • Ashraf El-Sherif
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    El-Sherif is a nonresident associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Georges Fahmi
    El-Erian Fellow
    Middle East Center

    Fahmi is an El-Erian fellow at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on religious actors in democratic transition, the interplay between state and religion, and religious minorities and citizenship.

  •  
  • Kawa Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Hassan is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Kurdish and Iraqi politics, civil society and democratization, donor assistance, and transition processes, especially in the Middle East.

  •  
  • Oz Hassan
    Visiting Scholar
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Hassan is one of the United Kingdom’s foremost authorities on democracy promotion and democracy assistance programs and a leading scholar on U.S. foreign policy.

  •  
  • John L. Holden
    Nonresident Senior Associate
    Asia Program

    Holden is a nonresident senior associate in the Carnegie Asia Program. He also advises corporations and other organizations on their operations in China and assists Chinese companies overseas.

  •  
  • Balázs Jarábik
    Visiting Scholar
    Russia and Eurasia Program

    Jarábik is a visiting scholar focusing on Ukraine and Eastern Europe.

  •  
  • Kheder Khaddour
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Khaddour is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. His research focuses on issues of identity and society in Syria.

  •  
  • Lina Khatib
    Director
    Middle East Center

    Khatib is director of the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut. Previously, she was the co-founding head of the Program on Arab Reform and Democracy at Stanford University’s Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law.

  •  
  • Kristina Kudlaenko
    Program Coordinator
    Moscow Center
  •  
  • Stefan Lehne
    Visiting Scholar
    Carnegie Europe

    Lehne is a visiting scholar at Carnegie Europe in Brussels, where his research focuses on the post–Lisbon Treaty development of the European Union’s foreign policy, with a specific focus on relations between the EU and member states.

  •  
  • Alexey Malashenko
    Scholar in Residence
    Religion, Society, and Security Program
    Moscow Center

    Malashenko is the chair of the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Religion, Society, and Security Program. He also taught at the Higher School of Economics from 2007 to 2008 and was a professor at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations from 2000 to 2006.

  •  
  • Renad Mansour
    Nonresident Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Mansour is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where his research focuses on Iraq, Iran, and Kurdish affairs.

  •  
  • Aline Matta
    Visiting Scholar
    Middle East Center

    Matta is a visiting scholar at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on technical assistance projects in the Middle East and North Africa.

  •  
  • Ahmed Morsy
    Nonresident Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Morsy is a nonresident research associate in the Democracy and Rule of Law Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

  •  
  • Marwan Muasher
    Vice President for Studies

    Muasher is vice president for studies at Carnegie, where he oversees research in Washington and Beirut on the Middle East.

  •  
  • Nathaniel Myers
    Visiting Scholar

    Nathaniel Myers is a visiting scholar in Carnegie’s Democracy and Rule of Law program. His research focuses on the intersection of American foreign assistance and foreign policy.

  •  
  • Yezid Sayigh
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Sayigh is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut, where his work focuses on the Syrian crisis, the political role of Arab armies, security sector transformation in Arab transitions, the reinvention of authoritarianism, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and peace process.

  •  
  • Stephen Tankel
    Nonresident Scholar
    South Asia Program

    Tankel is a nonresident scholar at the Carnegie Endowment, where his research focuses on insurgency, terrorism, and the evolution of nonstate armed groups.

  •  
  • Petr Topychkanov
    Associate
    Nonproliferation Program
    Moscow Center

    Topychkanov is an associate in the Carnegie Moscow Center’s Nonproliferation Program.

  •  
  • Frederic Wehrey
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Program

    Wehrey’s research focuses on political reform and security issues in the Arab Gulf states, Libya, and U.S. policy in the Middle East more broadly. He was previously a senior policy analyst at the RAND Corporation.

  •  
  • Maha Yahya
    Senior Associate
    Middle East Center

    Yahya is a senior associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center, where her research focuses on citizenship, pluralism, and social justice in the aftermath of the Arab uprisings.

  •  
  • Richard Youngs
    Senior Associate
    Democracy and Rule of Law Program

    Youngs is an expert on the foreign policy of the European Union, in particular on questions of democracy support.

  •  

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