Egypt’s generals have constantly employed repressive tools to instill fear among the population in order to stifle free expression and peaceful opposition.
Unless there are fundamental changes in Syria’s social and security structures, any political solution to the conflict is likely to fail.
The violence sweeping across the Arab world isn't a consequence of the Arab Spring, but of decades of dictatorship.
In the wake of the Arab Spring, newer media and older forms (such as the daily newspaper) have gradually made it easier for Middle East countries to participate in public debates from a variety of ideological perspectives.
Polarization in the Arab world may be the result of political systems that have opened themselves up to political debate, but not given healthy ways in which to translate political debate into political outcomes.
Without real progress on fundamental political and economic reforms, further regional turmoil in the Middle East and North Africa is inevitable.
If Tunisia’s top-down strategy to boost investment and private-sector growth is to succeed, a bottom-up approach is also needed to address the country’s most urgent challenges.
Where is the war in Yemen heading and what can outside actors do to end the conflict?
Failed states across the Middle East and North Africa will pose distinctive challenges for U.S. policy in the next administration.
Trust in democracy and its institutions are essential to the democratic process making recent campaign rhetoric in the United States regarding rigged elections all the more troubling.