The new U.S. administration needs to send strong signals to forces on all sides of the Libya conflict, as well as their foreign patrons, and make clear that a political settlement presents the only viable path out of the chaos.
“No political party, no political actor is able to lead Tunisia alone in this very sensitive and fragile period.”
Designating the Muslim Brotherhood a terrorist organization could actually increase the threat of terrorism rather than diminish it.
The Arab Spring protests upended the order of the Middle East, but six years later much remains the same.
The Middle East is facing what a new study calls a collapsing regional order.
The social, political, and economic grievances—above all, the demand for human dignity and justice—that gave rise to the Arab uprisings six years ago are not going away.
The Carnegie Middle East Program’s wide-ranging new report, Arab Fractures: Citizens, States, and Social Contracts, argues that new political and socioeconomic models are needed to address the crisis of governance and lack of pluralism at the heart of regional disorder.
The Trump administration has inherited all of the old challenges from the Middle East, from the conflict in Syria to the self-proclaimed Islamic State to the Iran nuclear deal.
The Egyptian government’s readiness to utilize conspiracy theories, defamation, hate speech and populism to justify repression has made it easier for the military establishment to systematically violate citizens’ rights and to disregard the principles of the rule of law without fearing accountability.
Jonathan Winer, who has served as the U.S. State Department’s special envoy for Libya and Senior Advisor for Mojahedin-e Khalq Resettlement, speaks with Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey.