The main political victims of cyberattackers have been leaders and public figures in democratic countries—especially the United States.
An exploration of how international cyberspace norms evolve and work, and what more they could contribute to making cyberspace more hospitable.
The incoming U.S. administration risks undermining efforts to deter Moscow from engaging in aggressive forms of interstate competition and hybrid warfare.
The U.S. National Science and Technology Council recommended in October 2016 that the United States should develop a government-wide strategy for international engagement related to artificial intelligence. The U.S.-Japan alliance offers an opportune foundation on which to develop that strategy.
Interest in cybersecurity in the context of international relations has never been greater.
Establishing deterrents for a country like Russia to discourage it from conducting offensive cyberoperations against the United States is practically an impossible task.
States use proxies to project power through cyberspace, some capable of causing significant harm. But there is a lack of clarity on what, exactly, the term ‘proxy’ means.
Governments and populations face growing threats from information warfare and cyberattacks, with little clarity on how to prevent or respond to them and what norms apply.
There is a lot that remains unknown about Russia’s involvement in the 2016 U.S. presidential elections.
The absence of proper rules to regulate escalation and retaliation in cyberspace has a potentially destabilizing impact on global security.