Cyberattacks to manipulate the integrity of financial data pose a distinct set of systemic risks.
There is evidence that Russia directly intervened in the 2016 U.S. presidential election.
Governments can help reduce the risk to financial stability by explicitly committing their countries to refraining from using offensive cyber tools that could undermine financial stability.
It is vital to the stability of the international system to prohibit the corruption of data in the global financial system, and to strengthen a comprehensive norm to this effect.
The international community has finally started a serious conversation about norms in cyberspace. But reaching a global consensus needs the world’s attention.
Governments need to adapt traditional concepts and tools of statecraft to the digital age.
The main political victims of cyberattackers have been leaders and public figures in democratic countries—especially the United States.
An exploration of how international cyberspace norms evolve and work, and what more they could contribute to making cyberspace more hospitable.
The incoming U.S. administration risks undermining efforts to deter Moscow from engaging in aggressive forms of interstate competition and hybrid warfare.
The U.S. National Science and Technology Council recommended in October 2016 that the United States should develop a government-wide strategy for international engagement related to artificial intelligence. The U.S.-Japan alliance offers an opportune foundation on which to develop that strategy.