To understand how Iran uses cyber proxies, it’s important to understand how Tehran thinks about cyber security in the first place.
Authoritarian governments are seamlessly blending offline and online tactics into hybrid repression.
As cyberspace has emerged as the new frontier for geopolitics, states have become entrepreneurial in their sponsorship, deployment, and exploitation of hackers as proxies to project power.
Attempts to rein in the internet industry in democratic countries will show who really is in charge.
The four-decade-long U.S.-Iran cold war has increasingly moved into cyberspace. Tehran has become increasingly adept at conducting cyber espionage and disruptive attacks against opponents at home and abroad.
Incidents involving Iran have been among the most sophisticated, costly, and consequential attacks in the history of the internet.
It is important that start-ups start thinking about cybersecurity from the time they begin developing a structural design for their company, and not in later stages.
Confrontation in cyber space is increasingly alarming. To come to grips with cyber power and its implications, people naturally turn to historical analogies.
Efforts to promote international norms for cyberspace are more likely to succeed if their advocates clearly grasp and convey to other actors how norms tend to function in different global contexts.
Given the importance of artificial intelligence (AI) in the coming years, India must keep a wary eye on Chinese developments in this field, and develop its own strategic vision of how AI technologies can be harnessed to advance its interests.