FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: June 18, 2001

MEDIA CONTACTS:
Julie Shaw, Carnegie Endowment, 202-939-2211, jshaw@ceip.org
Kristin Thompson, Monterey Institute, 202-478-3446, ext. 3460

 

The new Nuclear Status Report: Nuclear Weapons, Fissile Material, and Export Controls in the former Soviet Union--the most detailed, unclassified assessment of the Russian nuclear weapons and materials complex published to date--reports that the Russian strategic nuclear arsenal may drop to 1,000 weapons by 2010 if U.S.-Russian relations stabilize, but that almost two dozen Russian sites with weapons-usable nuclear materials are not yet receiving U.S. security assistance. In addition, the report details the major reductions in Russian nuclear weapons launchers that have taken place with U.S. support.

This sixth edition of the Nuclear Status Report was jointly researched and written by the Non-Proliferation Project of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Center for Nonproliferation Studies of the Monterey Institute of International Studies. Drawing on the extensive expertise and resources of the two organizations, the report provides the most comprehensive and authoritative single source for information on Russia's nuclear arsenal, its stockpile of nuclear materials, and the impact of U.S. assistance to reduce the proliferation risks posed by the collapse of the Soviet Union.

"Russia fields almost 6,000 long-range nuclear weapons, but the twin hammers of arms control and aging will reduce that arsenal to almost 1,000 by the end of the decade if relations can get on track," said Joseph Cirincione, director of the Carnegie Non-Proliferation Project. "Now is the time to ensure that our relations and resources keep Russia and the United States on the path of strategic reductions."

"Russia and the United States have a long and productive history of cooperation on non-proliferation issues," said William C. Potter, director of the Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute. "Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the agenda for cooperation has changed but, by working together, the two countries are having a major impact on preventing the spread of weapons of mass destruction. This cooperation must continue and be expanded."

Major findings include:

· Russia's strategic nuclear arsenal may drop to 1,000 weapons by 2010: These reductions would occur as aging systems are retired with U.S. assistance. These numbers do not include the 8,400 tactical nuclear weapons Russia is believed to possess, which could be redeployed.

· Over 3,000 Russian nuclear weapon launchers have been eliminated with U.S. assistance: Seventeen ballistic missile submarines, over 250 land-based missiles, and 42 bombers have all been destroyed using U.S. equipment and resources. Eighty-seven nuclear submarines with weapons-usable fuel, however, have been decommissioned, but not dismantled.

· Nearly two dozen facilities in the former Soviet Union with weapons-usable materials are still not receiving U.S. security assistance: U.S. programs to improve security have not yet reached many facilities, including weapons production sites and navy facilities. More than 45 sites have received security assistance to improve protection of nuclear materials.

The report is a one-stop resource with comprehensive details on:

· Past, current, and future size and composition of the Russian nuclear arsenal

· All known facilities possessing nuclear weapons-usable materials

· Extent of U.S. and international non-proliferation assistance

· History of U.S.-Russian arms control treaty negotiation and implementation

· Current state of nuclear export controls in key ex-Soviet republics

· Location of major nuclear facilities in the former Soviet Union via a full-color map.

Electronic copies of the report can be downloaded from the following web sites: Monterey Institute of International Studies at www.cns.miis.edu or the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace at www.ceip.org/npp. Free printed reports can be requested by contacting cns@miis.edu or pubs@ceip.org.

The report was jointly released by the Monterey Institute and the Carnegie Endowment at the Carnegie International Non-Proliferation Conference, the world's most prestigious conference addressing global nuclear proliferation, missile defense, biological and chemical weapons, and a wide range of other international security issues. Conference proceedings will be available on the web at http://www.ceip.org/npp beginning in late June and over the summer.

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