For Immediate Release: September 28, 2001
Contact: Julie Shaw, 202-939-2211


Carnegie Endowment Announces New Visiting Scholars
and New Moscow Center Scholar-in-Residence

Jessica T. Mathews, president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, announced today that Peter Eigen, founder and chairman of Transparency International, has joined the Global Policy Program as a visiting scholar, and Shlomo Avineri, professor of political science and director of the Institute for European Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, will return as a visiting scholar. John Hewko, an international partner at the law firm of Baker & McKenzie, and Dmitry Vasiliev, former chairman of the Federal Commission for the Securities Market of the Russian Federation, have also joined the Endowment in Washington and Moscow, respectively, to research rule-of-law issues in Russia, Ukraine, and other post-communist countries.

"The September 11 attacks have changed the foreign policy landscape and the nation?s priorities. These staff additions support our ongoing programs and emphasize the new security threats and multilateral responses to terrorism," said Mathews. "As chairman of Transparency International, Peter Eigen heads an organization that has been a leader worldwide in the control of corruption and money laundering across borders. Shlomo Avineri?s insights and experience in the Middle East and Russia will be a boost to the Washington foreign policy community. And any U.S. response to the terrorist attacks will affect the former Soviet states. Hewko and Vasiliev can help shed light on rule-of-law issues and foreign investment concerns that will arise in that region."

Peter Eigen joined the Global Policy Program as a visiting scholar on September 10. His research focuses on global governance, accountability and transparency as well as corruption and money laundering. Eigen founded Berlin-based Transparency International, a nongovernmental organization dedicated to increasing government accountability and curbing corruption. A lawyer by training, Eigen previously worked in economic development for 25 years, mainly as a World Bank manager of programs in Africa and Latin America. Among his assignments, he served as director of the regional mission for Eastern Africa from 1988 to 1991.

In addition to his work at the Endowment, Eigen is teaching a course on "Corruption in the International Arena" at John Hopkins University?s School of Advanced International Studies during the fall semester. He has served as an adjunct lecturer at Harvard University?s John F. Kennedy School of Government since 1999 and taught law at Georgetown University and the Johann Wolfgang Goethe University in Frankfurt, where he received his Ph.D.

Shlomo Avineri, professor of political science and director of the Institute for European Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, will also join the Endowment?s Global Policy Program as a visiting scholar starting October 1. A prominent political scientist who has published widely on comparative politics, he will research and write on the Middle East conflict and provide policy recommendations on a Middle East peace.

Avineri served as director-general of Israel?s Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the first administration of Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin from 1975 to 1977. His widely acclaimed publications include The Social and Political Thought of Karl Marx and The Making of Modern Zionism: The Intellectual Origins of the Jewish State. Avineri was previously a visiting scholar at the Endowment from September to December 2000, during which time he focused on the new strategic relationship between Russia and the Middle East in the post-Cold War era.

John Hewko started at the Endowment in September as a visiting scholar in the Democracy and Rule of Law Project while on sabbatical from Baker & McKenzie. He has a joint appointment as a visiting scholar with the Endowment?s Global Policy Program and Russian and Eurasian Program in Washington, D.C. His research focuses on rule-of-law issues relating to post-communist transitions, including the role of foreign investment in facilitating legal reform, macro versus micro reform issues, and the impact of rule-of-law aid programs. For the past 12 years, Hewko has practiced corporate law for Baker & McKenzie, most recently as managing partner of the firm?s Prague office. From 1992 to 1996, he established Baker & McKenzie?s Kiev office in Ukraine. He had also worked in the firm?s Moscow office.

From 1991 to 1992, Hewko served as an advisor to the Ukrainian Parliament. In that post, he advised various parliamentary commissions on drafting the initial Ukrainian laws on foreign investment, anti-competition, and corporations, and assisted the working group preparing the initial draft of the Ukrainian Constitution. His vast international experience also includes assignments with U.S. and foreign law firms in Washington, D.C., Brazil, Argentina, Mexico, and Ecuador. Hewko received his J.D. from Harvard Law School, his master?s degree in modern history (Soviet studies) from Oxford University in England, and his bachelor?s degree in government and Soviet studies from Hamilton College in New York.

Dmitry Vasiliev joined the Carnegie Moscow Center in July as a scholar-in-residence and directs the new Corruption and State Reform Project. He is examining the legal and institutional roots of corruption in Russia and identifying priorities and politically sustainable strategies for reform. Vasiliev is the former chairman of Russia?s Federal Commission for the Securities Market, appointed in March 1996 by President Boris Yeltsin.

Upon his resignation from the commission in October 1999, Vasiliev set up the Investors Protectors Association and continues to serve as its chairman. He also presently serves as executive director of Moscow?s Institute of Corporate Law and Corporate Governance. Previously, he served from November 1994 to March 1996 as deputy chairman and executive director of Russia?s Federal Commission for the Securities Market, from 1991 to 1994 as deputy chairman of the Russian Federation State Property Committee, and before that, he worked in the St. Petersburg city government. He received his economics degree from the St. Petersburg Institute of Finance and Economics.

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