For most of the postwar period, Sino-Indian political interactions in Asia attracted little interest. Although both states had great potential power, they were still relatively weak entities in Asian geopolitics: emerging as new political entities after World War II, they confronted enormous problems of economic development, political restructuring, and social stability. Nonetheless, China and India appeared destined for competition almost from the moment of their creation as modern states. The history of this competition has been explored in great and revealing detail elsewhere. This chapter explores future Chinese and Indian interactions in Asia. It is divided into four sections. The first briefly examines the structural context defining future Sino-Indian relations. The second section describes key drivers underlying this bilateral relationship and explains how critical political dilemmas have led both Beijing and New Delhi toward strategic interactions beyond their immediate geographic locale, in the larger theater of the Asian continent. The third examines specific subregions within Asia where Chinese and Indian interests are likely to intersect and with what effects. The conclusion briefly summarizes the characteristics of Sino-Indian competition in Asia and their implications for U.S. interests.