and Silvia Manzanero, Arms Control Today, Volume 34, issue 4, May 2004


The authors argue that if Iran fails to address existing concerns over its nuclear activities and is found in noncompliance, the international community will be compelled to respond. They observe that, short of force, various forms of sanctions inevitably will be considered. The article explores lessons from 25 years of US experience with sanctions on Iran, assesses current vulnerabilities in Iran's economy and examines the feasibility of imposing additional sanctions to alter Iran's nuclear behavior.The authors underscore that sanctions should be use only as part of a broader strategy of engagement with Iran.

About the authors

George Perkovich is Vice President for Studies at the Carnegie Endowment. Silvia Manzanero is a Junior Fellow in the Nonproliferation and US Leadership Projects.