WASHINGTON, May 5—Douglas H. Paal, a leading expert on China, former U.S. representative to Taiwan, and national security official in the George H. W. Bush and Reagan White Houses, has joined the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace as Director of its China Program in Washington and Beijing.

Making the announcement Carnegie Endowment President, Jessica T. Mathews, said:

"For over 25 years, Doug Paal has worked on the crucial issues affecting China, the Far East, and beyond. He has a rare mix of scholarly expertise, high level policy experience, and practical knowledge of the region in the public and private spheres. There is no one better equipped to lead Carnegie’s work on this critically important country and region. I am delighted and very proud that he will be taking on a leading role in the Endowment’s Washington office.”

Douglas Paal said:

"It’s a privilege to be invited to join the distinguished colleagues who constitute the Carnegie Endowment. I look forward to being part of an active program of innovative projects to shape policy in Washington and Beijing.”

The Endowment also announced two major new appointments in China.

Shi Tianjian, formerly associate professor in the Department of Political Science at Duke University, will head the Endowment’s presence in Beijing.

Zhou Dadi, the former director general of the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) in China, will run the Beijing arm of the Carnegie Energy and Climate Program.

Dr. Mathews said:

"Shi Tianjian’s work in and knowledge of both China and the United States, particularly on the important issues of security and political progress, make him perfectly suited to take over the reins of our work in Beijing on these and other issues, as we develop our presence. To be able to add to Tianjian’s skills those of Zhou Dadi, one of China’s preeminent experts in the field of energy and climate, to complement the work of our Energy and Climate program in Washington DC, gives Carnegie a team of leading experts in the key policy issues affecting China, the United States, and the world.”


  • Douglas H. Paal was the director of the American Institute in Taiwan from April 2002 to January 2006. He was the president of the Asia Pacific Policy Center (APPC), a non-profit institution in Washington, D.C., which advocates bipartisan promotion of trade and investment, as well as defense and security ties across the Pacific. Prior to forming the APPC, Paal was the special assistant to President Bush for National Security Affairs and senior director for Asian Affairs on the National Security Council, where he also served in the Reagan Administration. Paal has worked in the State Department with the Policy Planning Staff and as a senior analyst for the CIA. He also served in the U.S. Embassies in Singapore and Beijing. He studied Asian history at Brown and Harvard Universities and the Japanese language in Tokyo. He has spoken and published frequently on Asian affairs and national security issues.
  • Shi Tianjian is a specialist in Asian security issues and political participation. He was associate Professor and before that assistant Professor in Duke University’s Department of Political Science from 1993 to 2008. He was also assistant professor in the Department of Political Science, University of Iowa, 1992 to 1993, a lecturer in Peking University’s Department of International Politics, 1988 to 1989, and deputy director of The Opinion Research Center of China, 1988 to 1989. The author of several books, including, Lineage and Village Governance in Contemporary China: Multidisciplinary Research and Political Participation in Beijing, Shi Tianjian also sits on the Editorial Board of Journal of Contemporary China, and is a present or past member of the editorial board of China Review and of Chinese Social Science Quarterly.
  • Zhou Dadi is director general (emeritus) of the Energy Research Institute (ERI) of the National Development and Reform Commission, where he served as director general for 8 years. Earlier, Dadi served in ERI for 22 years as research professor and vice director, focusing on energy economics and energy system analysis. Dadi has been a prominent intellectual leader in China’s energy import and export reform policies, energy price reform, energy efficiency policy, and climate change. He now serves as a member of the Expert Committee of the Energy Field of the 863 Program of China (which reports to the State Council). Zhou Dadi was educated in Beijing, earning his B.S. in 1970 in the Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, and his M.S. in 1976 in the Department of Environmental Engineering, also at Tsinghua University. He is a member of the Scientific and Technical Advisory Panel (STAP) of Global Environment Facility; deputy director, Executive Office of the China Green Lights Program; chief scientist for the Expert Team of China for Working Group III of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC); lead author of the Third Assessment Report, IPCC WG III (Mitigation); chairman of the Board of Directors of the Chinese Energy Economics Society; executive member of the Board of Directors of the Chinese Society of Energy Research; board member of the Chinese Society of Sustainable Development; and board member of the Chinese Society of Input/Output Research. Dadi has served as a consultant to the World Bank, Global Environmental Facility, and many other organizations around the world, and has been a visiting fellow at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) and visiting scientist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) in the United States. Zhou co-founded the Energy Efficiency Center in Beijing in 1992 in cooperation with PNNL and LBNL. Zhou Dadi received the OECD Climate Technology Initiative (CTI) Global Climate Leadership Award in 2000. He has participated in more than 30 key research projects and published more than 50 papers and books. He speaks native Mandarin and is fluent in English.
  • The Carnegie China Program in Beijing and Washington provides policy makers in both countries with a better understanding of the dynamics within China and between the United States and China. In addition to books, policy briefs, papers and other publications, the Program produces Carnegie China Insight Monthly, a Chinese-language e-newsletter, and the Hong Kong Journal, an online quarterly covering political, economic, and social issues on Hong Kong and its relations with mainland China, the United States, and other governments and international organizations. 
  • The Carnegie Energy and Climate Program aims to provide leadership in global energy and climate policy. The program integrates thinking on energy technology, environmental science, and political economy to reduce risks stemming from global change and competition for scarce resources. It will create new products and collaborate with Carnegie experts around the world to provide information and change the way policy makers think about energy policy.
  • Building on the successful establishment of the Carnegie Moscow Center fourteen years ago, and following its century-long practice of adapting to radically-changed global circumstances, the Endowment is undertaking a fundamental re-definition of its role and mission. In a two-day series of events to publicly launch the NEW VISION in February 2007, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace announced that it has added operations in Beijing, Beirut, and Brussels to its existing offices in Washington and Moscow, pioneering the idea that a think tank whose mission is to contribute to global security, stability, and prosperity requires a permanent international presence and a multinational outlook at the core of its operations. For more information on the Carnegie Endowment’s NEW VISION or to watch the NEW VISION DVD online, please click here.