President of the Kyrgyz Republic, December 1, 2011–Present
Born in 1956 in the northern region of Chui, Almazbek Atambayev graduated from the Moscow Institute of Management with a degree in economics. From 1983 to 1987 he served in the Supreme Council of the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1993 Atambayev was one of the founders of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, and in 2000 he ran unsuccessfully for the presidency of the Kyrgyz Republic. He also served as minister of industry, trade, and tourism in 2005 and 2006 and as prime minister in 2007. In 2008 Atambayev was elected head of the United People’s Movement.
Atambayev served as deputy chairman of the interim government from April 2010 to December 2010, when his Social Democratic Party formed a coalition following the first parliamentary elections under the revised constitution and named Atambayev prime minister. In October 2011 he successfully ran for president for the third time, winning 63 percent of the votes in the first peaceful transfer of presidential power in Kyrgyzstan's postcommunist history. He is known to favor good relations with Russia and has stated that he does not intend to renew the U.S. lease on the Transit Center at Manas when it expires in 2014.
Brief Biography and Major Political Highlights:
- December 1, 2011: Inaugurated president of Kyrgyz Republic
- December 16, 2010–September 2011: Prime minister of the Kyrgyz Republic
- April 7, 2010: Named acting first deputy chairman of the provisional government of the Kyrgyz Republic
- April 2009: Ran presidential campaign and withdrew on election day, citing election fraud
- March–November 2007: Prime minister of the Kyrgyz Republic
- November 2006: One of the leaders of the anti-government protests in Bishkek
- December 2005–April 2006: Minister of industry, trade, and tourism of the Kyrgyz Republic
- October 2000: Ran in the presidential election, winning 6 percent of the vote
- July 1999: Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan