Ar-Namys (The Party of Dignity)
: Felix Kulov
, former prime minister (2005–2007) and vice president (1992) of Kyrgyzstan.
Ar-Namys was one of five parties to clear the 5 percent threshold to gain seats in parliament during the October 10 parliamentary elections. It is currently part of the governing coalition that was formed in December 2011 along with the Social Democratic Party, Respublika, and Ata Meken.
Brief History and Major Highlights:
The Ar-Namys Party was founded in 1999 by Felix Kulov, who quickly became Kyrgyzstan’s best-known opposition leader. The party attempted to participate in the 2000 parliamentary elections but was denied registration. In March of that year, Kulov was arrested for corruption and sentenced to seven years in prison by a military court. Ar-Namys then formed the People’s Congress of Kyrgyzstan electoral alliance with three other opposition parties, naming Kulov the chairperson.
In 2004, while Kulov was still in prison, Ar-Namys joined the opposition alliance For Fair Elections in preparation for the 2005 elections. The conduct of the elections led to protests (the Tulip Revolution) that ousted President Askar Akayev. Kulov was then released from prison and cleared of all charges.
Though seen as one of the leading candidates for the presidency, Kulov joined forces with Kurmanbek Bakiyev and became Kyrgyzstan’s prime minister, serving until he and his cabinet resigned in a dispute over the new constitution in November 2006. Parliament rebuffed his renomination in early 2007. Kulov then became one of President Bakiyev’s most outspoken critics. After the April 2010 uprising, Kulov was not invited to join the interim government, putting his party in the opposition.
After the "Unity and Development" coalition fell apart in December 2011, Ar-Namys joined the Social Democratic Party, Respublika, and Ata Meken to from a governing coalition, which controls 92 of the 120 seats.
- July 9, 1999: The Ar-Namys Party was founded and registered with the Ministry of Justice on August 19, 1999.
- 2000 parliamentary election: Ar-Namys attempted to participate but was denied registration. The party formed an alliance with the Democratic Movement of Kyrgyzstan.
- November 3, 2001: Ar-Namys formed the People’s Congress of Kyrgyzstan electoral alliance with other opposition parties.
- 2004: Ar-Namys joined the For Fair Elections opposition alliance in preparation for the 2005 parliamentary elections.
- 2007 parliamentary election results: 44,048 votes, 0 seats won.
Political Platform (2011)
The party’s website lists the following as its political platform:
Economy: Develop agriculture through the adoption of new technologies in production; strengthen forms of agriculture and rational land use; develop the service industry through the liberalization of transnational trade, development of financial and transportation infrastructure, and higher quality of services; support businesses and improve the investment environment in the country.
Social sphere: Guarantee equal access to education and quality of the education; improve the quality of and access to health care; undertake pension reform; improve targeting of public assistance; increase government aid and pensions; create jobs and promote good working conditions; regulate labor migration; ensure transparent distribution of financial, natural, and other resources; fight corruption.
National Security and Defense: Reform the armed forces to include voluntary service, improved conditions of service, and better salaries for servicemen, and decrease the size of the army; eliminate the National Security Service, keeping only the intelligence and counterintelligence functions; create a special subunit of the armed forces capable of fighting terrorist groups in mountainous regions; complete the process of delimitation of government borders; create a fund for the provision of modern housing to military servicemen; modernize military equipment; institute civilian control over military organizations.
Foreign Policy: Improve relations with neighboring countries; improve cooperation with countries that can serve as an example in the area of democracy and civil liberties, provide regional security and economic cooperation; activate economic, transportation, and financial cooperation with regional powers Turkey, India, Japan, and South Korea; work with international organizations to increase the country's ability to provide internal order and fight international organized crime, narco-trafficking, extremism, and separatism.
Governance: Increase the authority and independence of judges; modernize all levels of government; reform the administrative-territorial structure of and redistribute functions and powers among various levels of government.
National politics: Recognize ethnic diversity as an asset of the Kyrgyz people; develop federal employment programs to promote ethnic inclusion; promote the national language; improve the country’s ecology.