The Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK)
Chairman: Chynybay Tursunbekov, Jogorku Kenesh (Supreme Council of Kyrgyzstan) deputy (2010–2011), general director of flour company "Akun" (1997–Present), president of the Kyrgyzstan Union of Entrepreneurs
The Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK) was one of five parties to clear the 5 percent vote threshold necessary to gain seats in parliament during the October 2010 parliamentary elections. It formed an uncomfortable coalition government with Ata-Jurt and Respublika in December 2010, and SDPK party leader Almazbek Atambayev became prime minister. When Atambayev was inaugurated president in December 2011, SDPK left the coalition and formed a new coalition with Respublika, Ar-Namys, and Ata Meken.
Brief History and Major Highlights:
The Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK) was founded in 1993 by Abdygany Erkebaev, who served as its first chairman and was replaced by Almazbek Atymbayev in 1999. In October 2004, the party merged with the larger El Party in preparation for the February 2005 parliamentary elections. SDPK played an important role in the Tulip Revolution of 2005 and in large-scale public protests against the government of Kurmanbek Bakiyev in April and November 2006.
A leading parliamentarian, Temir Sariev, joined the party in 2006 but left in 2007 due to a disagreement with Almazbek Atambayev. Atambayev unsuccessfully ran for president in 2000 and 2009. He won the election in 2011 with 63 percent of the vote.
The party calls for a socially oriented policy of development and supports the establishment of a parliamentary system of politics in Kyrgyzstan.
•October 1, 1993: SDPK was founded and registered with the Ministry of Justice on December 16, 1994.
• 2000 presidential election: Atambayev won 6 percent of the vote and came in third behind President Askar Akayev and Omurbek Tekebayev, deputy speaker of Jogorku Kenesh.
• 2007 parliamentary elections: won 188,585 votes and 11 seats
• 2009 presidential elections: Atambayev campaigned for the presidency but withdrew his candidacy on election day, citing election fraud and declaring the elections illegitimate. According to official results, he was the runner-up behind President Kurmanbek Bakiyev.
The party’s website lists the following as its political platform:
Governance: Improve effectiveness of government; optimize the number of government and municipal workers; improve budget planning and government expenditures; strive for minimal government regulation of the private sector; limit the number of government functions; ensure access for all citizens to information on the work of government bodies; guarantee the ability of all citizens to influence the work of government bodies through administrative procedures and the courts; strengthen anticorruption measures; ensure that government careers are accessible to all talented and energetic people; optimize regional politics by decentralizing power and reforming financial relations between the federal and local budgets; ensure effective foreign policy based on national interests; encourage socially responsible mass media that is free from government control; develop civil society and protect its right to access information on government decisions, and its right to propose initiatives and receive feedback; encourage civil society participation in sessions of the Jogorku Kenesh, and in the administration, ministries, and other departments when relevant issues are under discussion.
Economy: Double gross domestic product in five years; raise income from taxes and customs fees by stopping corruption and theft; limit budget expenditures by optimizing the system of governance; restore the southern region by building new housing, schools, hospitals, theaters, power lines, sewers, and water supply lines; encourage the growth of resource extraction by developing coal, gas, and oil mining; develop agriculture and processing; modernize infrastructure.
National Security and Defense: provide modern equipment and technologies and implement the use of new methods; continue the reform of the Ministry of Internal Affairs to help fight organized crime and narco-trafficking.
Judicial Reform: Foster an independent judiciary by making the courts financially independent from the state; ensure open access to judicial decisions; strengthen the legal rights of citizens to use the courts on a cost-free basis; increase the sentence for corruption to life imprisonment.
Social Issues: Develop the education sector; develop the health-care sector by raising the salaries of doctors and younger medical personnel; improve access to quality medical services for residents of rural areas; ensure access to housing by lowering prices and developing the credit industry; reform the pension system and social support by developing nongovernmental pension funds, and conduct the valorization of pensions for those who worked during the Soviet period; monitor the distribution of public aid by involving nongovernmental organizations; create a fund to award grants to youth initiatives; encourage businesses to accept apprentices and interns through economic incentives; open centers to support entrepreneurship for youth returning to rural areas; support the development of Kyrgyz language and culture and ensure a multiethnic Kyrgyzstan.