Chairman and founder: Omurbek Babanov, prime minister of Kyrgyz Republic (2011–2012), first deputy prime minister (2010 and 2009)), parliamentary deputy (2005–2007)
Founded in June 2010 by businessman Omurbek Babanov, Respublika is considered a pro-parliamentary party. It campaigned for the 2010 parliamentary elections on a platform stressing the ethnic diversity of Kyrgyzstan and came in fourth, securing 23 seats in the parliament. On December 17, 2011, Respublika formed a coalition with the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan, Ar-Namys, and Ata Meken. In September 2012, this coalition collapsed and reformed without Respublika's inclusion.
The party supports closer relations with Russia and greater engagement in the Eurasian Economic Community, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and the Collective Security Treaty Organization.
Brief History and Major Highlights:
- December 4, 2010: The Respublika Party was tasked with forming governing coalition.
- December 17, 2010: SDPK, Ata-Jurt, and Respublika formed a governing coalition of “Unity and Development”The new coalition had 77 seats of the total 120.
- December 2, 2011: SDPK announced it was leaving the ruling "Unity and Development" parliamentary coalition, causing the government to fail.
- December 17, 2011: A new coalition between the Respublika, SDPK, Ar-Namys, and Ata Meken parties was formed. The coalition had 92 seats and Ata-Jurt had 28.
- December 23, 2011: Omurbek Babanov was approved as prime minister of the Kyrgyz Republic.
- September 5, 2012: The December 2011 coalition collapsed. SDPK, Ar-Namys, and Ata Meken announced the formation of a new majority coalition, excluding Respublika.
The party’s website lists the following as its political platform:
Unity: Unite Kyrgyzstan’s ethnic groups and develop the country’s regions; rebuild Osh and Jalalabad into developed, thriving cities.
Economic Program: Impose fair rates for electricity; develop new mortgage conditions; guarantee farmers accessible credit; supply the south of the country with cheaper Kyrgyz gas by building pipelines; construct roads and housing; introduce price controls on foodstuffs by antimonopoly bodies.
Foreign and Social Policy: Ensure equal application of the law for all; fight corruption and crime; develop an independent judiciary; reform national security framework and fight narco-trafficking; support a strategic union with Russia; encourage domestic investment; support free higher education with special emphasis on students from rural areas; develop better conditions in the country for educated specialists; fight nepotism.