Guide to Publications by Thomas Carothers
- Supporting Rule of Law Development
- Development Aid and Politics
Evaluates how other countries, NGOs, and international organizations are attempting to address the deficit in democracy programming brought about by the Trump-era pullback from governance issues.
Analyzing how the Trump presidency has increasingly corroded U.S. support for democracy abroad and outlining how various constituencies can mitigate the damage.
Contending that U.S. efforts to promote democracy should not be equated with Russia’s election meddling.
Arguing that the 2017 National Security Strategy reveals much that democracy and rights advocates can use to work within the Trump administration’s stated priorities.
Underscoring that despite severe strain on U.S. democracy policy, it is premature to write off the United States as a key supporter of global democracy.
Arguing that the inseparability of U.S. values and interests, as well as bipartisan consensus in support of democracy promotion, will constrain the Trump administration’s inclination to dismantle democracy support.
Highlights the evolution of civic organizing activity during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Identifies areas of progress in international efforts to combat closing civic spaces alongside factors hindering their effectiveness, making policy recommendations in six key areas.
Proposing strategies for civic actors to build and defend their legitimacy in the face of increasing attacks by hostile governments.
Highlighting that the alarming trend of closing space for civil society has a direct but underappreciated link to the problem of state fragility.
Examining how Western public and private funders are responding to the increasing restrictions on support for civil society around the world.
Assessing the scope and causes of the global pushback against democracy and rights support and outlining potential responses.
Critically examining civil society assistance as a tool of democracy promotion.
Discussing how to counter growing skepticism in Washington about the value and wisdom of democracy promotion.
Urging the U.S. democracy assistance community to relate their work abroad to the problems of U.S. democracy.
A forward-looking assessment of challenges and opportunities in U.S. democracy promotion.
Taking stock of the Obama administration’s approach to democracy promotion.
A critique and suggested renovation of U.S. democracy assistance programs
Comprehensively analyzing George W. Bush’s approach to democracy promotion and proposing an alternative path.
Identifying the tension between U.S. democracy promotion and the U.S. War on Terror.
Assessing democracy promotion under President Clinton.
Comprehensively analyzing U.S. foreign policy and democracy promotion in Latin America during the Reagan presidency.
Arguing that international efforts to bolster women’s political empowerment can serve as a critical lever to promote broader change when strategically tailored to address varied transitional contexts.
Setting an agenda for innovative, practical work on transparency and accountability.
Arguing that the role of rising, non-Western democracies in democracy support should not be prematurely discounted.
Reflecting on the state of democracy aid and the central dilemma it faces for the future.
Exploring Egypt’s repeated violations of almost all received ‘best practices’ of democratic transitions and the implications for aid providers seeking to help transitional actors learn from others.
Identifying and assessing the new role of non-Western actors in democracy support.
Further analyzing the backlash.
Distinguishing two major approaches to democracy support and analyzing their place in U.S. and European assistance efforts.
Taking stock of the longer-term evolution of democracy assistance.
Arguing against the idea that democratization should wait for economic development.
Debate forum over the “Sequencing Fallacy” article.
Analyzing the tension between democracy promotion abroad and the troubled state of democracy in the United States and Western Europe.
Calling attention to the backlash against democracy assistance in multiple parts of the world.
Evaluating progress in governance assistance.
Suggesting closer connections between academic research and democracy assistance.
Comprehensively assessing political party assistance.
Providing an early comprehensive account of the democracy assistance field.
Offering a comprehensive, multi-dimensional analysis of the workings and failings of U.S. democracy assistance and addressing the value, strategies, methods, and future of such work.
Assessing the Egyptian opposition under Morsi and providing comparative perspective.
Cautioning against simplistic analogies to 1989.
Comparative reflections on the outbreak of political upheaval in the Arab world.
Warning against partisanship vis-à-vis Islamists in Egypt.
Offering a comparison between political change in Egypt and Indonesia.
Critiquing the idea that the Bush administration strongly emphasized supporting Arab democracy.
A wide-ranging examination of the challenge of supporting democracy in the Arab world.
Questioning a direct link between supporting democracy and reducing terrorism.
Warning against the idea of rapid democratization in Iraq and the Arab world generally.
Compares polarization in six South and Southeast Asian nations.
Examines the relationship between the COVID-19 pandemic and polarization across ten countries.
Argues that the United States could learn key lessons about administering elections in polarized contexts from its own international democracy support programs.
Offers a comprehensive comparative analysis of polarization across countries and outlines a path forward to combat it.
Introduces American polarization in a comparative perspective.
Probes how the COVID-19 pandemic is exacerbating governance challenges in authoritarian regimes.
Highlights the governance challenges facing authoritarian regimes.
Arguing that public outrage over corruption has become perhaps the most powerful driver of political change around the world and is reshaping global politics for the better.
Analyzing the nature and impact of the global protest phenomenon.
Contends with Sheri Berman’s arguments on the history of democracy in Europe.
Evaluates five purported “design flaws” of democracy and juxtaposes these shortcomings with governance in authoritarian regimes.
“Democracy Is Not Dying,” Foreign Affairs, April 2017 (co-authored with Richard Youngs).
Challenging the pessimism that pervades current discussions of global democracy and highlighting that the state of democracy is not uniformly dire, especially outside the West.
A collaborative exploration of why new technologies that offer powerful tools for empowerment have not delivered more democracy.
Evaluating the growing domain of non-Western forces influencing political transitions around the world.
Contending with Zakaria’s arguments about the rise of illiberal democracy and the problem of too much democracy too soon.
Debate forum over “The End of the Transition Paradigm.”
Rethinking how to understand political transitions.
Identifying common analytic mistakes in rule of law promotion.
Taking a comprehensive look at rule of law assistance.
Pointing to the weak base of knowledge for rule of law assistance.
Identifying the surge of interest in rule of law support.
Probing the solidity of the apparent broad consensus around four core development principles.
Analyzing the complex relationship between politics and development aid and exploring how aid providers can think and act politically.
Examining the persistent separation between democracy aid and socioeconomic aid.
Commentaries on “The Elusive Synthesis.”