The Democratic Socialist Arab Baath Party is a Marxist Leninist movement created after a purge of the leadership of the ruling Arab Socialist Baath Party.

Major Figures

Ibrahim Makhous: leader
Mahmoud Jadeed: official spokesperson


The Democratic Socialist Arab Baath Party was established in 1970 following the purge of the ruling Arab Socialist Baath Party’s leadership initiated by Syria’s new president, Hafez al-Assad. Ibrahim Makhous, who had served twice as minister of foreign affairs between 1965 and 1968, escaped arrest and imprisonment and took refuge in Algeria, where he founded the breakaway Democratic Socialist Arab Baath Party. In 1979, the new party joined the National Democratic Assembly, a coalition of leftist movements, along with the Syrian Socialist Party, the Arab Socialist Movement, the Revolutionary Workers Party, and the Democratic Arab Socialist Union. Following the start of the Syrian uprising in 2011, the Democratic Socialist Arab Baath Party joined the National Coordination Body for Democratic Change.


Policy Toward the Crisis

  • Rejects external military intervention
  • Rejects arming the opposition
  • Supports dialogue with the regime only in the context of negotiating its exit from power
  • Supports the Annan peace plan and favors an Arab-backed peace plan

Political Objectives

  • Pursuing further stages of class struggle
  • The rule of law and public freedoms in the constitution, including the freedoms of assembly, speech, and equality of opportunities