People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan

Chairman: President Emomali Rahmon

The People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan (PDP) was founded in 1993—according to the party’s website, at the suggestion of Emomali Rahmon—as the People’s Party of Tajikistan. The party’s newspaper, The People’s Tribune, was first published on September 7, 1996.

At its fourth congress in April 1998, the party was renamed the People’s Democratic Party of Tajikistan, and Rahmon was elected its chairman.

At the party’s fifth congress in September 1999, President Rahmon became the PDP’s first presidential candidate. Three months later, the party nominated its first candidates to the parliament.

In December 2004, Rahmon was reelected chairman of the PDP, and two years later, at the party’s ninth congress, he was unanimously endorsed as the PDP’s presidential candidate.

Over time, the party has adopted a more visible role in politics. For example, on May 11, 2007, the PDP hosted a nationwide seminar in the district of Hissar on “Implementing the Guidance and Instruction of President Rahmon—the Basis of Strengthening the Party and Increasing its Prestige”; the following year, they hosted a meeting on the construction of the Rogun hydroelectric station in Dushanbe.

Despite accusations of election fraud, some would argue that this strategy seems to be paying off. The party dominated in the February 2010 parliamentary elections, winning 72 percent of the vote, against opposition parties such as the Islamic Renaissance Party and the Communist Party.

The party’s constitution was last revised, and its chairman reelected (for a term of seven years), on December 26, 2009. According to that charter, the party aims to create a “sovereign, democratic, secular, socially oriented and unitary state with a stable economy.” The document speaks of hopes to improve the welfare of society, protect the interests of citizens (regardless of their social status, nationality, or religious preferences), and foster productive citizens. It makes clear that the party strongly condemns any form of political and religious extremism, and deems patriotism of utmost importance.