In the final panel of the day, speakers debated the ability of the Gulf States to stave off a Gulf Spring in the face of the politicization of previously dormant groups, growing economic challenges, and increasingly open media. Panelists also discussed the impact that regional instability and sectarianism—particularly the Syrian crisis—will have on Gulf governments. This session featured Kristian Coates-Ulrichsen, Baker Institute Fellow for Kuwait at Rice University, Bernard Haykel, professor of Near Eastern Studies at Princeton University, and Mark Lynch, associate professor of Political Science and International Affairs at the Elliot School of International Affairs at George Washington University. The panel was moderated by Carnegie’s Frederic Wehrey.