The seismic political transitions brought on by the Arab Spring has introduced new difficulties facing the Gulf monarchies’ ruling families, their political systems, and the political culture of a changing Gulf society. To discuss the effects of these changes Carnegie and POMED invited Andrew Hammond, former Reuters correspondent for Saudi Arabia, Ali Al Shihabi, author and investment banker from Saudi Arabia, and Abdulhadi al-Khalaf, former Bahraini member of parliament and professor of Sociology at Lund University in Sweden to join a panel moderated by Marc Lynch, professor of Political Science and International Affairs at the George Washington University.