Gerd Schönwälder, “Promoting Democracy: What Role for the Democratic Emerging Powers?” German Development Institute, 2014.

Oliver Stuenkel, “Rising Powers and the Future of Democracy Promotion: The Case of Brazil and India,” Third World Quarterly, 2013.

Joshua Kurlantzick, “Are the New Democracies Pro-Democracy?The Boston Globe, December 2012.  

Matthew D. Stephen, “Rising Regional Powers and International Institutions: The Foreign Policy Orientations of India, Brazil and South Africa,” Global Society, July 2012.

Ted Piccone, “Do New Democracies Support Democracy? The Multilateral Dimension,” Journal of Democracy, October 2011.

Thomas Carothers and Richard Youngs, “Democracy Promotion in the Age of Rising Powers,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, July 2011.

Thomas Carothers and Richard Youngs, “Looking for Help: Will Rising Democracies Become International Democracy Supporters?” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, July 2011.

Brookings Institution, “The Foreign Policies of Emerging-Market Democracies: What Role for Human Rights and Democracy?” The Brookings Institution, June 2011.

Jörn Dosch, “ASEAN’s Reluctant Liberal Turn and the Thorny Road to Democracy Promotion,” The Pacific Review, December 2008.


Oliver Stuenkel, “Can Brazil Defend Democracy in Venezuela?” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, April 2014.

Oliver Stuenkel, “Is Brazil the New Regional Champion of Democracy?Americas Quarterly, Fall 2013.

Sean Burges and Jean Daudelin, “Brazil: How Realists Defend Democracy,” in Promoting Democracy in the Americas, ed. Thomas F. Legler, Sharon F. Lean, and Dexter S. Boniface, 2007.

Carlos Santiso, “The Gordian Knot of Brazilian Foreign Policy: Promoting Democracy while Respecting Sovereignty,” Cambridge Review of International Affairs, July 2003.

Central and Eastern Europe

Paulina Pospieszna, Democracy Assistance from the Third Wave: Polish Engagement in Belarus and Ukraine, March 2014.

Kristina Mikulova and Benedetta Berti, “Converts to Missionaries: Central and Eastern European Democracy Assistance in the Arab World,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, July 2013.

Tsveta Petrova, “How Poland Promotes Democracy,” Journal of Democracy, April 2012.

Tsveta Petrova, “A New Generation of Democracy Promoters?: Eastern EU Approaches to Supporting Democratization Abroad,” Social Science Research Council, 2012.

Tsveta Petrova, “The New Role of Central and Eastern Europe in International Democracy Support,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, June 2011.

Laurynas Jonavicius, “The Democracy Promotion Policies of Central and Eastern European States,” FRIDE, March 2008.


Niranjan Sahoo, “What Sri Lanka Reveals About Indian Democracy Support,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2014.

Sandra Destradi, “India as a Democracy Promoter? New Delhi’s Involvement in Nepal’s Return to Democracy,” Democratization, April 2012.

Pratap Bhanu Mehta, “Do New Democracies Support Democracy? Reluctant India,” Journal of Democracy, October 2011.

Poorvi Chitalkar and David M. Malone, “Democracy, Politics and India’s Foreign Policy,” Canadian Foreign Policy Journal, June 2011.

Siddharth Mallavarapu, “Democracy Promotion circa 2010: An Indian Perspective,” Contemporary Politics, March 2010.

Jörg Faust and Christian Wagner, “India: A New Partner in Democracy Promotion?” German Development Institute, 2010.

Jan Cartwright, “India's Regional and International Support for Democracy: Rhetoric or Reality?Asian Survey, May/June 2009.

S.D. Muni, India’s Foreign Policy: The Democracy Dimension, 2009.

C. Raja Mohan, “Balancing Interests and Values: India’s Struggle with Democracy Promotion,” The Washington Quarterly, Summer 2007.


Ann Marie Murphy, “Democratization and Indonesian Foreign Policy: Implications for the United States,” Asia Policy, January 2012.

Rizal Sukma, “Do New Democracies Support Democracy? Indonesia Finds a New Voice,” Journal of Democracy, October 2011.

Evan A. Laksmana, “Indonesia’s Rising Regional and Global Profile: Does Size Really Matter?Contemporary Southeast Asia, August 2011.

Dewi Fortuna Anwar, “The Impact of Domestic and Asian Regional Changes on Indonesian Foreign Policy,” Southeast Asian Affairs, 2010.


Maiko Ichihara, “Japan’s Strategic Approach to Democracy Support,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2014.

Maiko Ichihara, “Understanding Japanese Democracy Assistance,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2013.

Tsuneo Akaha, “Japan: A Passive Partner in the Promotion of Democracy,” in Exporting Democracy: Rhetoric vs. Reality, ed. Peter J. Schraeder, 2002.

South Africa

Tseliso Thipanyane, “South Africa’s Foreign Policy under the Zuma Government: A Human Rights-based Policy or a Pragmatic Approach Based on Political and Economic Considerations?” Africa Institute of South Africa, 2011.

South Africa’s Foreign Policy: Human Rights? What’s That?The Economist, October 2010.

James Barber, “The New South Africa's Foreign Policy: Principles and Practice,” International Affairs, October 2005.

Laurie Nathan, “Consistency and Inconsistencies in South African Foreign Policy,” International Affairs, March 2005.

Chris Landsberg, “Promoting Democracy: The Mandela-Mbeki Doctrine,” Journal of Democracy, July 2000.

Nelson Mandela, “South Africa’s Future Foreign Policy,” Foreign Affairs, November/December 1993.

South Korea

Moctar Aboubacar, “Emerging Donors and Knowledge Sharing for Development: The Case of Korea,” Yale Journal of International Affairs, Winter 2014.


Senem Aydin-Dügzit and E. Fuat Keyman, “Democracy Support in Turkey’s Foreign Policy,” Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, March 2014.

Gerd Schönwälder, “No ‘Turkish Spring’ – But an End to the ‘Turkish Model’?” German Development Institute, June 2013.

Svante E. Cornell, “What Drives Turkish Foreign Policy? Changes in Turkey,” Middle East Quarterly, Winter 2012.

Soli Özel and Gencer Özcan, “Do New Democracies Support Democracy? Turkey’s Dilemmas,” Journal of Democracy, October 2011.

Kemal Kirisci, “Turkey’s ‘Demonstrative Effect’ and the Transformation of the Middle East,” Insight Turkey, April-June 2011.


Compiled by Oren Samet-Marram