Since the Fukushima accident, nuclear regulatory agencies have been under increasing pressure to demonstrate credibility in their oversight of the nuclear energy sector. This challenge is common to almost all regulators, from countries with nascent nuclear power programs to those with an established fleet of reactors. What are the challenges in ensuring credible regulation? How important is independence and how should it be achieved? Are there risks that too much regulation could strangle the development of new technologies? And how can public confidence in nuclear power be improved? 

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