China’s emergence as a global power—one that is beginning to project not just economic but also military power—poses serious security challenges to states on its periphery. These challenges create dilemmas for Washington, too, which enjoys alliance relations with many of the states in East and Southeast Asia that are experiencing increasing friction with Beijing. How should the United States and its allies interpret China’s military capabilities as well as its policies towards its neighbors? How should these states respond to Beijing’s rise? Which sources of tension could potentially escalate to direct confrontation and consequently are most in need of active management? What opportunities are there to build trust?

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